What is my job as a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) in a school? What is my job as a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) in a school?

What is my job as a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) in a school? - PowerPoint Presentation

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What is my job as a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) in a school? - PPT Presentation

Created and Presented By Mrs Mira C Mullen CCCSLPL Mrs Teresa Spencer CCCSLPL Sedgwick County Special Education Cooperative 265 Fall 2016 Initial License for Speech Language Pathology in Kansas ID: 785074

language speech disorder slp speech language slp disorder communication disorders child ccc classroom difficulty children amp hearing asha school




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What is my job as a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) in a school?

Created and Presented By:

Mrs. Mira C. Mullen, CCC-SLP/L

Mrs. Teresa Spencer, CCC-SLP/L

Sedgwick County Special Education Cooperative #265

Fall 2016


Initial License for Speech


Pathology in KansasMaster's degree or equivalent from an educational institution with standards consistent with those of the state universities of Kansas or accredited by ASHA400 hours supervised clinical practicum, at least 325 hours at graduate level, in the area in which licensure is sought (audiology or speech-language pathology)Completion of supervised 9-month postgraduate professional experience (CFY- Clinical Fellowship Year)Passage of a National Teachers Exam Specialty Area test administered by ETS (NTE)Passage of the National ASHA Praxis examination in the area which licensure is sought.Continuing EducationKansas - Applicants must complete 20 hours of documented and approved continuing education per each two-year renewal period.National – (optional in the school setting) Being “ASHA certified" means holding the Certificate of Clinical Competence (CCC), a nationally recognized professional credential that represents a level of excellence in the field Speech-Language Pathology (CCC-SLP).ASHA Certification Maintenance Standards require that all certificate holders (CCC-A and CCC-SLP) must accumulate 30 Certification Maintenance Hours (CMHs) of professional development during each 3-year certification maintenance interval in order to maintain their ASHA Certificates of Clinical Competence (CCC).

What are the requirements of an SLP in KS?


How important is communication in the school setting?


communication skills lead to success in…ReadingListeningWritingSpeakingLEARNING!21st Century SkillsBad communication skills lead to problems with…Understanding & participating in classroom instructionDeveloping & maintaining relationships


A.k.a. “speech therapists” or “speech Teachers”… (or “that speech person”)

Work with children who have communication problems that affect success in…

Classroom activitiesLiteracyLearningSocial interaction


How do Students Qualify to receive Speech Services?

Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) provides speech and/or language services for school-age children who…

Have communication disorders that adversely affect their educational performance


What does the Qualification and therapeutic process look like?


IdentificationAssessmentEvaluationDevelopment of IEPsRemediation/TherapyProgress Monitoring…a variety of speech and language disorders


What else does an SLP provide in the schools?


with…TeachersAdministratorsOur CoopOther professionals Parents/GuardiansTHE STUDENT!Advocacy for teaching practices & implementation of techniques into the curriculum


What Types of disabilities/disorders do SLP’s work with?


Pragmatic LanguageAuditory Processing and ComprehensionArticulation/PhonologicalVoiceFluencyHearing ImpairmentOral-MotorSwallowing/Feeding (a.k.a. Dysphagia)


What is a language disorder?

Language disabilities include the slow development of…

Semantics (vocab)Syntax (grammar)ConceptsPragmatic (social) language disabilities include…Inability/difficulty using different communication styles in different situationsOverall…Child has poor building blocks for understanding/expressing ideas, social development, learning, reading, and writing


What is an Articulation/Phonological Disorder?

Children have difficulty producing speech sounds

Substituting one sound for another (i.e. /w/ for /r/)Omitting a sound in a word (i.e. “top” for “stop”; “ater” for “after”Distorting a sound (i.e. “thee” for “see”)In the classroom might note difficulty spelling secondary to speech errors.Language/Articulation Driver's Ed


What is a voice disorder?

Disorders of

voice and resonance, including respiration and phonationSpeech that is…Too high, low, or monotonous in pitchInterrupted by breaksToo loud or soft in volumeHarsh, hoarse, breathy, or nasalChildren who have prolonged vocal issues come to therapy to learn how to use their voice properly, without mistreating itSLPs also refer some children to the ENT(ear, nose, and throat doctor) to rule out any growths that can appear on the vocal chords from prolonged vocal abuse


What is a fluency disorder?

A.K.A. “stuttering”

Defined by…Interruptions in the flow or rhythm of speechPossible hesitations, repetitions, prolongations or insertionsCan affect individual sounds, syllables, words, and/or phrases**Side note: Identify as a “child who stutters” NOT “a stutterer”


What is an Auditory Processing/Comprehension disorder?

Comprehension disorders are characterized by…

Difficulty with word meaning, sequencing skills, and problem solvingAuditory processing disorders are characterized by…Difficulty distinguishing and discriminating speech soundsOverall…Children with either of these disorders have difficulty understanding (receiving) spoken/written (expressive) language, thus affecting speaking, listening, reading and writing.


How does an SLP help a child with a hearing impairment?

“Aural Rehabilitation” includes…

How does hearing impact speech and languageLip reading skills Articulation and voice therapyLanguage therapySLPs in the schools also…Check hearing aids & other hearing devicesWork with the audiologist regarding recommendationsWork with the classroom teacher to develop strategies to maximize the child’s classroom performance


What does it mean when a child has oral-Motor issues?

Apraxia of speech or Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)

Children demonstrate difficulties coordinating the movement of structures in the mouth during speechProblem is due to the inability to form a coordinated “movement plan” to produce speechTreatment includes…Muscle strengthening and coordination activitiesStructured, repetitious practice of movements required to produce accurate speechOral-Motor Disorder-Weak tongue and/or lip muscles or jaw movements can decrease the clarity of speech


What is dysphagia


Child will demonstrate difficulty with…SuckingChewingTriggering a swallowMoving food into the stomach Can interfere with…Eating snack and lunchOpportunities to build friendshipsSocial and communication skillsLearningSLPs will help by…Setting up a feeding program that indicates the foods that are appropriate vs. inappropriateTeaching techniques that help the child eat safelyModify the texture of foodsReposition the bodyMaximal placement of food


What can speech & langUAge

disorders be associated with?

Hearing lossCleft palateLearning disabilitiesCerebral palsy or other motor problems/disordersAutism Spectrum DisordersDevelopmental delaysTraumatic brain injuries (TBI)Variety of emotional, behavioral, and/or medical issues


What are some signs that may indicate a child has a communication disorder?

Below expectations in the classroom

Difficulty learning to read or writeLate talkerDifficulty being understood when speakingInability to express thoughts, ideas, wants, and/or needsProblems understanding othersDifficulty following directionsCognitive aspects (memory, sequencing, problem solving, executive functioning)Problems taking testsIssues getting along with others


How does an SLP go about working with these children?

Combine communication goals with academic & social goals

Integrate classroom and curricular objectivesHelp them understand and use basic language conceptsSupport reading and writingIncrease understanding of classroom lessons, text features, study and test taking strategies.Services may vary depending on each individual student’s needsMonitoring/periodic screeningsCollaborating & ConsultingClassroom-based services (“inclusion”)Small group or individual sessions (“pull-out”)


What do you do if you think a student in your class has a communication issue or disorder?


Ask me questions and express your concernsRequest an observation or screeningBring examples and/or details (The more the merrier!)


Why are SLP’s known for playing so many games? Games teach us:

Turn taking

Following directionsSocial skillsManners/Good SportsmanshipAsking and answering questionsArticulation at all levels (word to connected speech)Problem solvingVocabulary developmentAttention to taskMaking friends



One of the most important connections between the students and myself isYOU!!!


Any questions, comments, or concerns?!



American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (2010). The role of the

slp in schools: a presentation for teachers, administrators, parents, and the community. Retrieved from http://www.asha.orgLilienthal, Nicole. (2008). What does a speech- language pathologist (slp) do? Speech- Language Pathology Information. Retrieved from http://www.speechpathologyguru.comMerkel-Piccini, Robyn. (2001). I know you’re a speech pathologist… but what do you do? Super Duper Publications. Retrieved from http://www.superduperinc.comKid Snippets: "Drivers Ed" (Imagined by Kids)Kid Snippets: "Making Friends" (Imagined by Kids)


What is my job as a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) in a school?

Created and Presented By:

Mrs. Mira C. Mullen, CCC-SLP/LMrs. Teresa Spencer, CCC-SLP/LSedgwick County Special Education Cooperative #265Big Cat Conference - Fall 2016What are the requirements of an SLP in Kansas?How Important is Communication? AKA Speech Therapist or Speech Teachers?How do students qualify to receive speech services?What does the qualification and therapeutic process look like?What else does the SLP provide in schools?What types of disabilities/disorders do SLP’s work with?What is a language disorder?What is an articulation/phonological disorder?What is a voice disorder?What is a fluency disorder?What is an auditory processing/comprehension disorder?How does the SLP help a child with a hearing impairment?What does it mean when a child has oral motor issues?What is dysphagia?What can speech and language disorders be associated with?What are some signs that may indicate a student has a communication disorder?How does an SLP go about working with these children?What do you do if you think a student has a communication issue or disorder?Why are SLP’s known for playing so many games?