Child Sexual Exploitation.

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Child Sexual Exploitation.




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Presentations text content in Child Sexual Exploitation.

Slide1

Child Sexual Exploitation.

Our Place Mentoring Services.

Slide2

Contents

Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE): The issue.

Defining CSE.

Prevalence and Incidence.

Victims and Perpetrators.

Push / Pull Factors.

Identification.

Slide3

CSE: The Issue.

New concept of child maltreatment.

‘Hidden’ form of abuse.

Difficult to define and identify.

High profile cases of Local Authorities failing in the protection of vulnerable children and young people.

Attitudes of professionals working with children and young people.

Issues surrounding disclosure and listening to the voices of children and young people.

Slide4

Your Opinion.

What is your current understanding of Child Sexual Exploitation?

Slide5

Defining Child Sexual Exploitation

Form of sexual abuse that involves the manipulation and/ or coercion of a child or young person into sexual activities in exchange for material goods; affection or status,

Barnados

(2012).

‘Grooming’ process.

Perpetrators exhibit power and control over victims.

Often misunderstood as ‘consensual’.

Slide6

Prevalence and Incidence

16, 500 children/young people at risk of sexual exploitation in the United Kingdom.

3,000 children/young people accessing services due to being sexually exploited.

2,049 victims of gang related grooming identified by authorities.

Statistics to considered to be underestimations.

Slide7

Activity: Victims and Perpetrators.

In groups:

-Discuss all the characteristics of what you perceive a victim of Child Sexual Exploitation to be.

-Discuss all the characteristics of what you perceive a perpetrator of Child Sexual Exploitation to be.

Think of factors such as age; backgrounds; ethnicity; religion etc.

Slide8

Children and Young People At-Risk

ALL children and young people are at-risk of CSE regardless of social class; ethnicity; backgrounds.

Media reports guilty of stereotyping profile of victims.

Looked after children / runaways.

Children with Special Needs.

Asylum seeker/ Migrant children.

“Running from hate to what you think is love.”

Slide9

Push Factors

Disengaged with education.

Drug and alcohol abuse.

Neglect.

Involved in gangs.

Risky internet use.

Victims of bullying.

Family breakdown.

Parental issues: mental health / alcohol or substance abuse.

F

amilial abuse/domestic violence.

Peer pressure.

Bereavement.

Attachment issues.

Slide10

Pull Factors

‘Love’

Material goods

Alcohol and drugs

Independence

Affection

Status

Money

Security

Slide11

Voices.

There would always be lots of alcohol and drugs. We knew we would be expected to do something sexual with the men but we just got wasted and got on with it… It would always make us feel popular and wanted, and we liked that

.” Ben aged 15.

I

knew that my mother always loved me

but I

never felt that loved because she was

so ill

… so it was good to feel like that

loved at

the time [by the men who were

sexually exploiting Ellie].”

“The

police came to speak with me and

asked me

why I was running away. Like I

could really

say “my [relative]’s making me suck

his dick

and his mates’ dick”. It just wasn’t

going to

happen

.”

Slide12

Identification

Major issues with disclosure and identification.

Children/young people often don’t know they are being exploited.

Only speak up when asked.

Role of professionals not victims to identify cases.

Screening tools.

Slide13

Indicators

Rapid change in appearance

Sexualised behaviour

Disruptive/Challenging behaviours

Revolving door ( Police and

E.Depts

)

Bullying (Victim and Perpetrator)

Repeated STI testing

Repeat Pregnancy

Drugs and Solvent abuse

Physical

injuries

Missing/Running away

School absence (Repeated)

Mental Health Problems

Suicide Ideation

Unexplained

injuries

Slide14

Our Role as Mentors

Be aware of push/pull factors.

Record and report any suspicions.

Make use of screening tools provided.

Provide support and empathy to our mentees.

Prevention and intervention is key.

Mentoring sessions based on positive self-image; attachment issues; positive relationships.

CBT.

Slide15

Myths

Myth: This only happens to girls and young women

X

 

Myth: This is only perpetrated by male offenders

X

Myth: This only happens in certain ethnic/cultural communities

X

Myth: This just happens to young teenagers

X

 

Myth: This only happens to looked after ‘vulnerable’ children

Myth: This only happens in large urban towns and cities

X

Myth: There are very few forms it can take

X

Myth: Parents should know what is happening and should be able to stop it

X

Slide16

Defining Child Sexual Exploitation

Sexual

exploitation of children and young people under 18 involves exploitative

situations, contexts

and relationships where young people (or a third person or persons) receive

something

’ (

e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affection, gifts, money)

as

a result of

them performing

, and/or another or others performing on them, sexual activities.

Child sexual exploitation

can occur through the use of technology without the child’s

immediate recognition; for

example being persuaded to post sexual images on the Internet/mobile phones

without immediate

payment or gain. In all cases, those exploiting the child/young person have

power over

them by virtue of their age, gender, intellect, physical strength and/or economic or

other resources

.

Violence

, coercion and intimidation are common, involvement in

exploitative relationships

being characterised in the main by the child or young person’s limited availability

of choice

resulting from their social/economic and/or emotional vulnerability

.”

- Working Together To Safeguard Children

(2006).


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