The Roots of the Arab-Israeli Conflict (1890s-2012)

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British Promise to the Jews: Balfour Declaration, 1917 His Majesty’s Government views with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall .... ID: 662223 Download Presentation

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The Roots of the Arab-Israeli Conflict (1890s-2012)




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Presentations text content in The Roots of the Arab-Israeli Conflict (1890s-2012)

Slide1

The Rootsof theArab-Israeli Conflict (1890s-2012)

Adopted from Ms. Susan M.

Pojer

Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

Slide2

Zionism

Theodore Herzl

1860-1904

GOALS

:

The spiritual and

political renewal of

the Jewish people

in its ancestral

homeland of

Palestine.

Freedom from

Western anti-Semitism.

Slide3

The Middle East in 1914

Slide4

Sykes-Picot Agreement, 1916

Slide5

The Arab Revolt: 1916-1918

Slide6

British Promise to the Jews: Balfour Declaration, 1917

Sir Arthur James Balfour

Br. Foreign Secretary

His Majesty’s Government views with favor the establishment

in

Palestine of

a

national home for the Jewish people

and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that

nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of

existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine

Slide7

The League of Nations Mandates

Slide8

Oil Discovered in Mesopotamia!

First discovered on Masjid-I Suleiman in

Persia

in 1908.

Turkish-Petroleum Co. [TPC] founded in 1911

drill for oil in

Mosul

, Mesopotamia.

Britain signed a secret agreement with the sheikh of Kuwait who, while outwardly pledging

allegiance to the Ottoman Sultan in Istanbul,

promised exclusive oil rights to the British.

Kuwait

became a British protectorate in November, 1914.

In 1927, oil was struck in

Kirkuk

, Iraq, and the

Iraq Petroleum Co. [IPC] was created.

Slide9

Oil Becomes the New International

“Coin of the Realm!”

American oil companies [Texaco & Chevron], gainoil concessions in Bahrainin 1929.In 1933, American oil companies win an oilconcession in Saudi Arabia. ARAMCO [Arab-American Oil Co,] is created in 1939.

Slide10

Essential Question:

How did Britain’s actions in Palestine after 1918 lay the groundwork for the on-going conflict between the Jews and the Arabs in the Middle East today?

Slide11

Jews & Arabs in Palestine,

1920

In 1920, there

was 1 Jew toevery 10 Arabs inPalestine.By 1947, the ratio was 2 Arabs forevery Jew.

The Arabs felt that they were loosing control of their “country!”

Slide12

British

Mandate in PalestineCreatedJuly, 1922

Slide13

Jewish Settlements:

The Kibbutz System

First one founded in 1908.Communal living.“Make the DesertBloom!”

Slide14

The Peel Commission Partition Plan, 1937

Slide15

Hitler’s

“FinalSolution”

The Jewish population in each country in 1942.

Slide16

Aliyah Bet :

Illegal Jewish Immigration

Slide17

Aliyah Bet

Illegal Jewish immigration to Palestine. The Exodus, 1947.

Slide18

Palestine Population in 1946

Slide19

Jewish “Freedom Fighters”

(or “Terrorists”?)

Irgun Zvai Leumi[Natl. Military Org.]

Avraham Stern &

The Stern Gang

Slide20

U. N. Partition Plan of 1947

Slide21

Israel Becomes a Nation:

May 14, 1948

David Ben-Gurion,1st Prime Minister

Chaim Weizmann,1st President

Slide22

War Begins!:

May 15, 1948

Slide23

Arab Refugees, 1948

The

Palestinian Diaspora begins!

Slide24

Armistice Signed, 1949

Slide25

Israel:

1947&Israel:1949

Slide26

Palestinian Refugees

Palestinian Diaspora

Slide27

Six-Day War (1967)

UN Resolution 242

UN Resolution 338

Slide28

P

alestine Liberation Organization

Yassir Arafat

Slide29

Camp David Accords (1979)

President President Prime Minister

Anwar Sadat Jimmy Carter Menachem Begin

of Egypt of the U. S. Of Israel

Slide30

Camp David Accords (1979)

Slide31

Palestinian

Intifada-Part I(1987-1993)

Slide32

Palestinian

Intifada-Part I(1987-1993)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Israeli%E2%80%93Palestinian_conflict

Slide33

You tube video link

http://youtu.be/vXKba7SHPvw

how the Arab

israeli

conflict started-history of Palestine-1948


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