Have Out Arab-Israeli map with your name on it

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Have Out Arab-Israeli map with your name on it




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Presentations text content in Have Out Arab-Israeli map with your name on it

Slide1

Have Out

Arab-Israeli map with your name on it

Keep your video question sheet out once I hand it back

Slide2

Chronology-Put the Following Events in Order

Six Day War

1

st

Arab-Israeli War

Holocaust

Camp David Accords

Balfour Declaration

Yom Kippur War

2

nd

Intafada

Oslo Peace Accords

Slide3

Correct Order

Balfour Declaration 1917

Holocaust 1933-1945

1

st

Arab-Israeli War 1948

Six Day War 1967

Yom Kippur War 1973

Camp David Accords 1978

Oslo Peace Accords 1993

2

nd

Intafada

Slide4

Arab - Israeli Conflict

Content:

Review key events contributing to the Arab-Israeli Conflict

Thinking Skills:

Assess information and draw conclusions

Key Questions:

Who is fighting?

Where are they fighting?

Why are they fighting?

Will there ever be peace?

Slide5

Background

For centuries the Jews had been persecuted

Romans

destroy temples

Diaspora

Anti-Semitism

Pogroms

HolocaustGave rise to the Zionist MovementWanted to set up an independent Jewish state

Slide6

Background

During the same time…

Ottoman Empire

controlled the Arab people (

Palestine)

Palestinian Arabs wanted

independence

Slide7

World War I

McMahon-Hussein Correspondence (1915)

British promise independence of Arab states

After WWI…Victorious nations given areas to oversee

British Mandate

of

Palestine

Slide8

World War I

Balfour Declaration

(1917)

letter from Great Britain that endorsed national Jewish state in Palestine

Jewish immigration increases --> Arabs protest

Slide9

Holocaust

Entire world feels guilt

United Nations Partition Plan

(1947)

Offers to create a Jewish and Arab state in Palestine

1.2 million Arabs vs. 600,000 Jews

Jews accept (55% of land) - Arabs decline (45% of land)

No Arabs on the committee

Creation of Israel (David Ben-Gurion)What is the effect on the Palestinian Arabs?

Slide10

Claims to Land

Israelis

Ancestors lived in area nearly 2000 years ago

Jerusalem home to most important Jewish site—Western Wall

Holocaust

Palestinians

Ancestors have been living in area nearly 2000 yearsJerusalem home to 3rd most important Muslim site-Dome of the Rock/Al-Aqsa MosqueRecent homeland

Slide11

Israeli War for Independence (1948)

Israel attacked by Arab nations

Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon

Israel wins war --> annex more territory

More Jews come to Israel (refugees)

More Palestinian Arabs look for refuge (500,000)

Set up camps

What were the conditions like in these camps?

Why didn’t they move on?

Slide12

Palestinian refugees

This picture, dated 1948, shows a Palestinian refugee and her child separated from their home by the "green line" after the 1948 war. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians were displaced because of the war and the creation of Israel. One of the most contentious issues in the ongoing Arab-Israeli crisis is the "right of return," the demand by Palestinians to return to land seized in 1948.

Why is the refugee problem so important to the conflict?

Slide13

Perspectives on Partition and 1948 War

Israeli

Creates state of Israel

War of Independence

Holocaust and other periods of violence against Jews throughout the past centuries might not have happened if there was a Jewish Homeland

Palestinian

They had no input

Nabka

: “Catastrophe” Land set aside for Palestinians now under control of Arab countries or Israel

Slide14

1956 Suez Canal

Crisis (2

nd

Arab-Israeli War)

Egypt nationalizes the Suez Canal in 1956 and closed the Straits of Tiran to Israel, which blocked Israeli access to the Red Sea.

Israel attacks Egypt with later reinforcements from France and the United Kingdom

Ceasefire agreement and withdrawal of Israeli troops

United Nations Peacekeepers sent to maintain peace in the area

Slide15

Six Day War (1967)

Rapid Israeli attack devastates Arab

armies (Egypt, Syria, and Jordan)

Israel wins -->

Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights, West Bank

Slide16

Map after 1967 War

Israel gains the following territory after the war

Sinai Peninsula

/

Gaza Strip

(from Egypt)

Golan Heights

(from Syria)

West Bank

(from Jordan)

Slide17

Palestine Liberation Organization (1964)

Palestinian Arabs key to peace

Refugee camps

Wanted self rule

PLO use terrorism to get self rule / destroy Israel

1969 Yasser Arafat becomes leader

Israel forced to respond

Slide18

UN Resolution 242 (1967)

UN condemns Israel for taking Arab territory and asks for Israel to return it

Israel refuses…cites security concerns

“Land for Peace”

Basis for future peace talks

Slide19

Munich Olympics 1972

Eleven Israeli athletes murdered at Olympics by Palestinian gunmen

World is outraged by killings

Slide20

Yom Kippur War (1973)

Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack

Israel’s government, led by

Golda Meir

, was not fully prepared

Attained U.S. support

Cease-fire

*During war-Arab members of

OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) declared an oil embargo to countries supporting Israel

Slide21

Camp David Accords (1978)

Egyptian

President Sadat,

Israel

Prime Minister Begin, and

US

President Carter negotiated a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel in 1979

Return Sinai to EgyptEgypt recognized Israel

Slide22

Slide23

Slide24

Sadat Assassination

Slide25

Perspectives on Camp David Accords

Israeli

Shows that the country is willing to trade land it has conquered for peace

Palestinian

Egypt recognizes that Israel is a country and exists.

Sadat assassinated in 1981 by Muslim extremists

Jordan signs peace agreement with Israel in 1994.

Slide26

Lebanon 1978 & 1982

Israel invades in an effort to stop PLO attacks

Expels PLO

Slide27

Conflict

Israel surrounded by hostiles

Long history of conflict

West Bank / Gaza Strip

Jewish settlements created

1.7 Million Palestinians live under Israeli control

No power / no voice

Slide28

Occupied

Territories and settlements:

Gaza Strip, West Bank, Golan Heights

Slide29

Current Issue: Settlements

Israeli

For religious, political, and security reasons a large number Israeli settlements exist in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

270,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank

Palestinian

Israeli settlements go against the idea of a future Palestinian state.

Slide30

Palestinian Intifada

-In 1987 Palestinians begin to violently protest Israeli rule over the West Bank

-Some Palestinians follow the PLO under

Yassir Arafat

-Some Palestinians follow Islamic organization…

Hammas

.

How are they different?

Slide31

1993 Oslo Peace Accord

Recognize each other

Israel agrees to PLO self-rule, regain control over some lost territories

PLO agrees to stop terrorism

Rabin and Arafat win Nobel Peace Prize

Slide32

Rabin Assassination

Right wing Israeli activist assassinate Rabin.

Significance?

Slide33

Since 2000

2000-a second Intifada

From 2000-June 2008

-Over 4500 Palestinians killed

-Over 1000 Israelis killed

Operation Defensive Shield

2004-Yasser Arafat died-Mahmoud Abbas takes over

Israeli P.M. Ariel Sharon decided that Israel would withdraw from Gaza and parts of West Bank (2005)

Hamas wins control of Palestinian Parliament 2006Border issues and air strikes followed

Attacks on Israel have increased since 2010 as Hamas tries to disrupt peace talks

Slide34

The Continuing Arab-Israeli Conflict

In your groups of 4:

Review main themes of the current issues involved in the Arab-Israeli Conflict

2 from Palestinian Authority perspective

2 from Israeli perspective

Present:

The argument from your side to the

group. What are the main goals of your perspective

Debate: What should happen?

Why is a resolution so difficult?

Slide35

Slide36

Reflect…

How do

you

think the conflict should be resolved?

What prevents a resolution?

Slide37

Slide38


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