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and Urban Life
Images from Google Images
Immigrants coming to AmericaSlide3
New Wave of Immigrants
Mid 1800s to early 1900s- A flood of Immigrants to the U.S.
Jobs were scarce
Immigrants saw the U.S. as a
land of opportunity
Not enough land
The Journey to America
Travel to the seaport to catch a boat (100s of miles on foot or horseback- through foreign cities.)
days across the Atlantic
Several weeks across the Pacific: almost 6 weeks
Cheap tickets – travel in
Camped, noisy quarters on the lower decksSlide6
“We were so long on the water that we began to think we should never get to America.”
-Emigrants of Italy
Difficulties and confusion
In the East immigrants were processed at
, a former fort on Manhattan Island and, after 1892, at
, in New York Harbor.Asian immigrants processed on Angel Island in San Francisco Bay.
“We all trembled because of the strangeness and the confusion . . . Some were weak from no movement and exercise, and some were sick because of the smells and the unfresh air. But somehow this did not matter because now we knew it was almost over.” -Bianca De Carli, immigrantSlide8
ELLIS Island-European ImmigrantsSlide10
ANGEL Island-Asian ImmigrantsSlide11
We’re here!!! Now what???
Preserving some of their own cultureAssimilate- become part of American culture
Challenge – Finding a jobSweatshops
Most immigrants from rural areas. Lacked money to buy land…settled in industrial cities- worked as unskilled laborers.People of same ethnic group formed communities- Tried to recreate some of the life they left behind.Slide12
Some resented the immigrantsTensions among different ethnic, religious and racial differencesFeared immigrants would take away their jobs or drive their pay downSlide13
New Immigration Laws
Immigration Act of 1917
First law to limit immigration
Prohibited Chinese workers from entering the country for ten years
Requiring that immigrants be able to read and write.
Chinese Exclusion ActSlide14
They supplied workers for the country’s growing industries (needed for economic growth.)
They helped shape American life. Gave the country its major religious groups: Protestants, Catholics and Jews.
They enriched American societies with the customs, cultures, languages and literature of their homelands.
The new immigrants made many contributions to American life
Chapter 5 Section 2
The Growth of CitiesSlide16
In 1870 – 1 in 4 Americans lived in cities with 2,500 or more people.By 1910 – nearly half of the American population was living in cities.
The United States was changing from a rural to an urban nation!
African-Americans migrated to the cities.To find jobs, escape debt, injustice or discrimination.
played a major part in urban growth.
of America changed work on farms.
Machines made it easier to do work with less farmers. Women no longer had to make clothing and household items.
moved to the cities looking for jobs.Slide17
Building UP- Not out
New Forms of Transportation
Frederick Law Olmested, leader of “City Beautiful: designed New York’s Central Park.
1883 Brooklyn Bridge was build that- connected Brooklyn and Manhattan.
Lack of space
A NATION OF READERS
As educational opportunities grew, more Americans became interested in
CHANGES IN LITERATURE
SPREADING THE NEWS
donated more than $30 million to fund over 2,000 libraries throughout the world.
in printing, paper making and communications made it possible to publish a daily newspaper for large numbers.
William Randolph Heart’s
Morning Journal (yellow journalism- sensational writing)
– joys and sorrows of
upper-class EasternersMagazines- Like Atlantic Monthly, Ladies’ Home Journal, Harper’s Magazine (still published today!)
(realist and regionalist)
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Adventures of Tom SawyerSlide19
Chapter 5 Section 3
People poured into the city faster than housing could be built to accommodate them.
In the biggest, most crowded cities, poorest residents – including most immigrants- lived in
Buildings in which several families rented rooms (urban slums)
“We would so like to live in the front, but we can’t pay the rent . . . Why, they have the sun in there. When the door is opened the light comes right in your face.”
-Young immigrant from PolandSlide21
Cities in Crisis
“The gang is an institution in New York. The police deny its existence while nursing the bruises received in nightly battles with it . . . The gang is the ripe fruit of tenement-house growth. It was born there”-Jacob Riis
Young Men’s Christian Association.
Young Women’s Christian Association.
RELIGIOUS GROUPS THAT AIDED THE POOR.
(Offered recreation centers where city youngsters could meet and play.)
Located in poor neighborhoods, they provided medical care, playgrounds, nurseries and libraries, classes in English, music, arts and crafts.
Founded by Jane Addams
“We were ready to perform the humblest neighborhood services. We were asked to wash the new-born babies, and to prepare the dead for burial, to nurse the sick and to mind the children.”
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