Immigrants

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Immigrants




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Presentations text content in Immigrants

Slide1

Immigrants

and Urban Life

Images from Google Images

http://images.google.com/images

Slide2

Video clip

Immigrants coming to America

Slide3

New Wave of Immigrants

Mid 1800s to early 1900s- A flood of Immigrants to the U.S.

WHY?

Slide4

PUSH FACTORS

Overcrowding

Jobs were scarce

Immigrants saw the U.S. as a

land of opportunity

Not enough land

Persecution

Against certain

ethnic groups

PULL FACTORS

Poverty

Economic troubles

Plentiful, affordable

land

jobs

Slide5

The Journey to America

Travel to the seaport to catch a boat (100s of miles on foot or horseback- through foreign cities.)

12

days across the Atlantic

Several weeks across the Pacific: almost 6 weeks

Cheap tickets – travel in

steerage

Camped, noisy quarters on the lower decks

Slide6

“We were so long on the water that we began to think we should never get to America.”

-Emigrants of Italy

Difficulties and confusion

STEERAGE

Slide7

-Emma Lazarus

In the East immigrants were processed at

Castle Garden

, a former fort on Manhattan Island and, after 1892, at

Ellis Island

, in New York Harbor.Asian immigrants processed on Angel Island in San Francisco Bay.

“We all trembled because of the strangeness and the confusion . . . Some were weak from no movement and exercise, and some were sick because of the smells and the unfresh air. But somehow this did not matter because now we knew it was almost over.” -Bianca De Carli, immigrant

Slide8

http://ellisisland.org/

Slide9

ELLIS Island-European Immigrants

Slide10

ANGEL Island-Asian Immigrants

Slide11

We’re here!!! Now what???

Finding Work

Adjusting

to America

BuildingCommunities

Preserving some of their own cultureAssimilate- become part of American culture

Challenge – Finding a jobSweatshops

Most immigrants from rural areas. Lacked money to buy land…settled in industrial cities- worked as unskilled laborers.People of same ethnic group formed communities- Tried to recreate some of the life they left behind.

Slide12

Nativist Movement

Some resented the immigrantsTensions among different ethnic, religious and racial differencesFeared immigrants would take away their jobs or drive their pay down

Slide13

New Immigration Laws

Immigration Act of 1917

First law to limit immigration

Prohibited Chinese workers from entering the country for ten years

Literacy Requirement

Requiring that immigrants be able to read and write.

Chinese Exclusion Act

Slide14

They supplied workers for the country’s growing industries (needed for economic growth.)

They helped shape American life. Gave the country its major religious groups: Protestants, Catholics and Jews.

They enriched American societies with the customs, cultures, languages and literature of their homelands.

The new immigrants made many contributions to American life

:

Slide15

Chapter 5 Section 2

The Growth of Cities

Slide16

In 1870 – 1 in 4 Americans lived in cities with 2,500 or more people.By 1910 – nearly half of the American population was living in cities.

The United States was changing from a rural to an urban nation!

African-Americans migrated to the cities.To find jobs, escape debt, injustice or discrimination.

Immigrants

played a major part in urban growth.

Industrialization

of America changed work on farms.

Machines made it easier to do work with less farmers. Women no longer had to make clothing and household items.

Native-born Americans

moved to the cities looking for jobs.

Slide17

Building UP- Not out

New Designs

New Forms of Transportation

Building Bridges

Frederick Law Olmested, leader of “City Beautiful: designed New York’s Central Park.

1883 Brooklyn Bridge was build that- connected Brooklyn and Manhattan.

Trolley Cars

Lack of space

Skyscrapers

Slide18

A NATION OF READERS

As educational opportunities grew, more Americans became interested in

reading

.

PUBLIC LIBRARIES

CHANGES IN LITERATURE

SPREADING THE NEWS

Andrew Carnegie

donated more than $30 million to fund over 2,000 libraries throughout the world.

Technological advances

in printing, paper making and communications made it possible to publish a daily newspaper for large numbers.

Joseph Pulitzer’s

The World

William Randolph Heart’s

Morning Journal (yellow journalism- sensational writing)

Edith Wharton

– joys and sorrows of

upper-class EasternersMagazines- Like Atlantic Monthly, Ladies’ Home Journal, Harper’s Magazine (still published today!)

Realism

Regionalism

Mark Twain

(realist and regionalist)

Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Adventures of Tom Sawyer

Slide19

Chapter 5 Section 3

City

Life

Slide20

People poured into the city faster than housing could be built to accommodate them.

In the biggest, most crowded cities, poorest residents – including most immigrants- lived in

tenements.

Buildings in which several families rented rooms (urban slums)

“We would so like to live in the front, but we can’t pay the rent . . . Why, they have the sun in there. When the door is opened the light comes right in your face.”

-Young immigrant from Poland

Slide21

Cities in Crisis

“The gang is an institution in New York. The police deny its existence while nursing the bruises received in nightly battles with it . . . The gang is the ripe fruit of tenement-house growth. It was born there”-Jacob Riis

Overcrowding

Sanitation Problems

Health Problems

Poverty

Crime

Slide22

Seeking Solutions

YMCA

Young Men’s Christian Association.

YWCA

Young Women’s Christian Association.

RELIGIOUS GROUPS THAT AIDED THE POOR.

(Offered recreation centers where city youngsters could meet and play.)

Settlement Houses

Located in poor neighborhoods, they provided medical care, playgrounds, nurseries and libraries, classes in English, music, arts and crafts.

Hull House

Founded by Jane Addams

“We were ready to perform the humblest neighborhood services. We were asked to wash the new-born babies, and to prepare the dead for burial, to nurse the sick and to mind the children.”

-J. Addams

Slide23


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