Part Two:   DRUGS   Drugs:  Engage Hyperlink

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:. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/drugs/abuse.html. Drugs are either….. Agonists: . Mimic. . Reuptake inhibitors. Antagonist. s. : . Blocks. Reuptake . inhibitors. Drugs . terms:. ID: 741974 Download Presentation

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Part Two: DRUGS Drugs: Engage Hyperlink

:. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/drugs/abuse.html. Drugs are either….. Agonists: . Mimic. . Reuptake inhibitors. Antagonist. s. : . Blocks. Reuptake . inhibitors. Drugs . terms:.

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Part Two: DRUGS Drugs: Engage Hyperlink




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Slide1

Part Two: DRUGS

Drugs: Engage Hyperlink

:

http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/drugs/abuse.html

Slide2

Drugs are either….

Agonists: Mimic

Reuptake inhibitorsAntagonist

s

:

Blocks Reuptake inhibitors

Slide3

Drugs

terms:

Psychological Dependence:

develops when the person has an intense desire to achieve the drugged state in spite of adverse effects.

Tolerance:

decreasing response to a drug

Physiological dependence or addiction

develops when changes in brain chemistry from taking the drug necessitate taking the drug again to prevent withdrawal symptoms.

Withdrawal:

stop taking the drug the body reacts with intense craving for the drug.

Slide4

Psychoactive Drug:

are chemicals that can pass through the blood-brain barrier into the brain to alter perception, thinking, behavior, and mood.They are classified into their main effects:Stimulant:

Substance that

increases

activity in body and nervous

systemDepressant:

Substance that

decreases

activity in body and nervous system

Hallucinogen:

Substance that alters or distorts sensory perceptionsNarcotics: or analgesics (pain reducers) which work by depressing the CNS. Opiates, codeine, heroin, opium, methadone.

Drugs

http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=782

Slide5

Psychoactive Drug:

Substance capable of altering behavior Examples include tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy, cocaine, and heroine

Drugs

http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=782

http://wps.aw.com/bc_goodenough_boh_3/104/26721/6840688.cw/content/index.html

Visit the following to see what psychoactive drugs do in your brain:

Slide6

Stimulant

sSpeed up

body processes.More powerful ones (like cocaine) give people feelings of invincibility.The most popular stimulants are cocaine, amphetamines such as methamphetamine, Ritalin, ephedrine, ecstasy, crack.

Slide7

Meth

Slide8

Causes

hand tremors, sweating, talkativeness, tinnitus, suppresses fatigue or sleepiness, increases alertnessCaffeinism: Physiological dependence on caffeineWithdrawal: Insomnia, irritability, loss of appetite, chills, racing heart, elevated body temperature

Caffeine

Stimulants

Slide9

Natural stimulant found mainly in tobacco

May cause stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, tremorsHighly AddictiveResponsible for 97% of lung cancer deaths in men, 74% in women

Nicotine

Slide10

W

hat is in a cigarette?

Slide11

Depressants

Slows down body processes.AlcoholAnxiolytics (barbiturates and tranquilizers)

Slide12

Alcohol

More than 86 billion dollars are spent annually on alcoholic beverages.Alcohol is involved in

60% of ALL crimes.Alcohol is involved in over 70% of sexually related crimes.

Is it worth the cost?

Depressants

Slide13

Involved in up to

60%

of all crimes.

Slide14

Dawn Farm Education Series Oct 25, 2007

14Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

teratogens

drugs cross the placental barrier

Slide15

Opiates

Has depressive and hallucinogenic

qualities.Agonist for endorphins. Derived from poppy plant.

Depressants

BOMB

Slide16

Alter moods, distort perceptions, and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input

.Include, LSD, PCP, Marijuana, PeyoteLSD and the Brain

Hallucinogens (psychedelics)

Slide17

http://www.5min.com/Video/The-Dangers-of-Smoking-Spice-433300995

Dangers of Spice

Slide18

Though the name may sound harmless, bath salts are a dangerous synthetic stimulant that carry the risk of easy overdose, hallucinations and even death

. Bath Salts

A synthetic, stimulant powder product that contains amphetamine-like chemicals, including

mephedrone

, which may have a high risk for overdose

Slide19

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ymiF-okrdMg&feature=related

Don't Drink and Drive

Slide20

Detoxification

: Withdrawal of the person from alcohol; occurs in a medical setting and is tightly controlled; often necessary before long-term treatment beginsAlcoholics Anonymous (AA): Worldwide self-help organization composed of recovering alcoholics; emphasizes admitting powerlessness over alcohol usage and wanting to recover.

Treatment for Alcohol Abuse and Dependence

Slide21

I have meet many of you with parents or family members that have problems with alcohol and sometimes you feel like there is no one out there to understand. This is not true. Al Anon is an organization dedicated to the family members of alcoholics and I recommend you visit the following website to learn more about one in your area.

http://www.al-anon.alateen.org/Personal note:

Slide22

In small quantities, alcohol can be mistaken for a stimulant because it:

A. Inhibits control of emotionB. stimulates the sympathetic nervous systemC. Speeds up respiration and heartbeat

D. Induces sleepE. Affects the cerebellum

Slide23

A: After drinking small amounts of alcohol, people are often lively and seem uninhibited. This results from inhibition of the part of the frontal lobes that usually keep emotions in check.

Slide24

Of the following, which pair of psychoactive drugs shares the most similar effects on the brain?

A. Alcohol-marijuanaB. Caffeine-morphineC. Nicotine-heroine

D. Amphetamines-cocaineE. Barbiturates-LSD

Slide25

D

. Amphetamines and cocaine are both classified as stimulants

Slide26