Interest articulation and aggregation Interest articulation and aggregation

Interest articulation and aggregation - PowerPoint Presentation

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Uploaded On 2018-09-23

Interest articulation and aggregation - PPT Presentation

How can a common citizen participate in government Votingmost frequent Informal groupcollective action common interest Direct contact with policymaker on personal matter Direct contact with policymaker on policy issue ID: 677300

interest groups associational group groups interest group associational policy common citizen participation institutional interests americans political anomic activity action




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Interest articulation and aggregationSlide2

How can a common citizen participate in government?

Voting—most frequent

Informal group/collective action (common interest)

Direct contact with policymaker on personal matter

Direct contact with policymaker on policy issue

Protest activity

Political consumerism Slide3

Voter participation

America stands out for relatively low levels of national voting participation

Americans are much more likely to try and discuss politics, or work for a party or candidateSlide4


Most visible form of citizen action

Often tied to political consumerism

More than 1/5 Americans and


uropeans have at some time participated in a legal demonstration

Russian protest participation went from less than 4% during USSR, to 25% by late 90s. Slide5

Interest groups

Nearly 1/3 of Americans participates in citizen interest groups

This activity also high in Mexico

Regulated in China

Citizen groups attempting to impact the government’s policy making



Why do you think the most likely to be politically active are the high status individuals in

EVERY culture? Slide7

Interest groups

Four types (more details coming on each






Make up civil society (Free of state control!)

Also known as social capital

capacity building…Slide9

Interest groups: Anomic


groups that react to a certain


Short lived

Frequency varies by country & cultureSlide10

Interest group: non- associational

Non-associational groups

activity is episodic

usually not well organized

Based on common interests and identities or personal relationships

Have more continuity than anomic groups.

Collective action problem—who will organize?

Free riders (also get rewards)Slide11

Interest group

: institutional





Formal groups

Have other political or social functions as well

In industrial democracies, can be within bureaucracy

US-Department of DefenseUS-Department of Agriculture

Italy-Roman Catholic Church

Iran-fundamentalist clergy urge voting behavior

play role in authoritarian regimes as wellSlide12

Interest group:


Associational groups

Formed explicitly to represent the interests of a particular group

Have procedures for formulating interests

Affect the development of other groups

Subset that believe they have common ideology or policy goalSlide13

Interest group systems—what is the US? Your country

of study?


Multiple groups

Participation voluntary

Loose or decentralized structures

Clear separation between group and government

Democratic corporatist

Single peak association

Membership often compulsory or universal

Centrally organized

Systematically involved in policy making


Single group for each sector

Membership compulsory

Each group hierarchical

Groups controlled by the government