North American Biomes

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2016-09-01 33K 33 0 0

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Made by Lauren . Shepard. What is a Biome?. Biomes are the world’s major communities where insects, animals, plants, and people live in a certain type of climate.. The biomes we will be covering in this lesson are:. ID: 458312 Download Presentation

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North American Biomes




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Presentations text content in North American Biomes

Slide1

North American Biomes

Made by Lauren

Shepard

Slide2

What is a Biome?

Biomes are the world’s major communities where insects, animals, plants, and people live in a certain type of climate.

The biomes we will be covering in this lesson are:

Desert

Deciduous Forest

Arctic tundra

Tropical Rainforest

Grasslands

Taiga

Slide3

The Desert Biome

Characteristics:Hot and dryDesert covers about 1/5 of the Earth’s land surfaceFor the plants to survive they adapt:Store water for long periods of timeStand the hot weather

Slide4

The Desert Biome: Climate

Hottest biome on earth

Can be over 100 degrees during the day and below 32 degrees at night

There is very little rain in the desert but when it does rain, it pours

After a storm, it may not rain again for weeks or months

Slide5

The Desert Biome: Plants

Plants in the desert may have to go without water for over a year!Here some examples of desert plant life:Chainfruit ChollaCreosote BushJumping ChollaSaguaro cactus

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The Desert Biome: Animals

Some animals that live in the Desert include:BobcatCactus WrenCoyoteJavelinaThorny Devil

Slide7

The Deciduous Forest Biome

Characteristics:5 different zonesTree Stratum: trees between 60 and 100 feet highSmall tree and sapling: young and short treesShrub zoneHerb zoneGround zone

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The Deciduous Forest Biome: Climate

Has four distinct seasons: Spring, Summer, Autumn, and Winter

Almost all deciduous forests are located by an ocean

The ocean and the wind are two main reasons that the temperate and climate change so much during the year

Slide9

The Deciduous Forest Biome: Plants

Some examples of deciduous forest plants are:American beechGuelder RosePecanWhite Birch

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The Deciduous Forest Biome: Animals

There are a lot of animals that live in the deciduous forest biome but some examples are:American Bald EagleDuckbill PlatypusEastern ChipmunkLeast WeaselWhite-tailed Deer

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The Arctic Tundra Biome

Characteristics of the Arctic Tundra:Treeless Very coldThe ground is permanently frozenThere is barely any plant life, but there are animals

Slide12

The Arctic Tundra Biome: Climate

Unusually cold and dry climate

The Tundra is cold through all months of the year

The short summer lasts only 6 to 10 weeks and does not get any warmer than 45-50 degrees

Slide13

The Arctic Tundra Biome: Plants

There are few plants that can grow in the arctic tundra, but some that can include:Arctic MossBearberryPasque FlowerTufted Saxifrage

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The Arctic Tundra Biome: Animals

Animals that live in this biome include:Arctic FoxCaribouMusk OxPolar Bear

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The Tropical Rainforest Biome

Characteristics:Forest of tall treesThe rainforest now covers less than 6% of Earth’s landLayersEmergent: trees are 100- 240 feet tall!These trees grow above everything elseUpper canopyThe trees are 60-130 feet tallMost of the animals live in this layerUnderstory or Lower canopyTrees are about 60 feet tallThe Forest FloorCompletely shaded and very few plants

Slide16

The Tropical Rainforest Biome: Climate

In the rainforest the climate is:Very humid because of the heavy rainfallVery hot and wet

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The Tropical Rainforest Biome: Plants

Tropical rainforests produce 40% of Earth’s oxygen, some of the plants that live in this biome include:Bengal BambooCoconut treeKapok TreeMangrove Forests

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The Tropical Rainforest Biome: Animals

Half of the world’s plants and animals species live in the rainforest! Here are some of the many animals:Bengal TigerChimpanzeeToco ToucanSumatran Rhinoceros

Slide19

The Grassland Biome

CharacteristicsLarge rolling fields of grasses, flowers, and herbsDrought and fire percent large forests from growingGrass survives the fire because they grow from the bottom instead of the top

Slide20

The Grassland Biome: Climate

There are many different types of grasslands around the world. But the climate in the United States is:

The temperature is moist and humid

The summers are warm and humid but the winters are not too cold

There is constant Wind

Slide21

The Grassland Biome: Plants

Some plants that thrive in this biome are:IronweedCommon teaselDogbaneQueen Ann’s Lace

Slide22

The Grassland Biome: Animals

Animals that are commonly found in the grassland are:Red milkweed beetleBisonPrzewalski’s horse

Slide23

The Taiga Biome

Characteristics:Coldness and food shortages make things very difficultThe largest biome in the worldKnown as the boreal forest

Slide24

The Taiga Biome: Climate

The climate in the Taiga is:

The winter is freezing cold

The temperature range goes from -65 degrees Fahrenheit all the way to 70 degrees

Average rainfall is between 12-33 inches

Slide25

The Taiga Biome: Plants

Plants that are able to survive in the taiga include:Balsam FirJack pineWhite firWhite Spruce

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The Taiga Biome: Animals

Most animals in the taiga hibernate in winter or fly south but some stay which is very difficult! Here are some examples of animals that live in the taiga:BobcatLong-Eared OwlRiver OtterWolverine

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References

http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/

http://www.kidskonnect.com/subject-index/15-science/62-biomes.html


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