The Crisis Deepens

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The Crisis Deepens




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Presentations text content in The Crisis Deepens

Slide1

The Crisis Deepens

Chapter 10 Section 3

Slide2

Birth of the Republican Party

Kansas-Nebraska Act -> replaced Missouri Compromise

Had major effect on Democratic and Whig parties

Whip Party-> Southern=pro-slavery and Northern=antislavery

Anger over the Kansas-Nebraska Act led to new coalition-> Whigs, Free-Soil Party, and antislavery Democrats created the

Republican Party

( also called Anti-Nebraska, Fusion, People’s, and Independent Party)

Began during Congressional elections in 1854

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Republicans Organize

Organized in July of 1854

Took name from Jefferson’s original party

Wanted prevent Southern planters from controlling the federal

gov’t

Agreed slavery should be kept out of territories

Northern voters agreed-> Republicans made great strides in the elections of 1854

Slide8

How the Republican Party was formed?

Slide9

The Know-Nothings

Know-Nothings (American Party)

Made great gains due to anger against the Democrats in the north

Were anti-Catholic and

nativists

Opposed immigration

Were scared they would take jobs

Used this ideology to win seats in Congress and state legislature

Eventually split over slavery and Northern party members merged with Republicans

Slavery>than immigration

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Election of 1856

John C. Fremont

(Rep.)

vs.

James Buchannan

(Dem.) vs.

Millard Fillmore

(American Party)

Two separate contests:

Buchannan vs. Fremont (North)

Dems

. Campaigned on the idea that Buchannan could save the Union and Fremont’s election would cause the South to secede

Buchannan won

Buchannan vs. Fillmore (South)

Buchannan had solid support in the South=easy win

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Dred Scott vs. Sanford (1857)

Background

: Scott was a slave from Missouri, had

been shuffled from one family to another -

one Northern state to another

-

eventually

abolitionists decide to use him as a test

case.

Three Questions of the case:

1. Were blacks CITIZENS under the meaning of the constitution?

Ruling- No, they are property.

2. Does residence in a free state make a slave free?

Ruling-No

3. Does residence North of the 36-30 N Latitude line make a slave free?

Ruling-No, Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.

Slide15

Sectional Division Grows

Dred

Scott Decision

In his March 1857 inaugural address, Buchanan suggested that the Supreme Court decide the question of slavery in the territories

Two days later Supreme Court released the

Dred

Scott v. Sanford

ruling

Dred

Scot is the first case since

Marbury

v. Madison

that the supreme court found an act of congress unconstitutional.

America’s Response:

North: Slavery

has become a southern conspiracy. There is no telling when slavery will end, or how far it will reach.

South:

Yay

!

Increased sectional conflict-> b/c federal

gov’t

couldn’t prohibit slavery in any territories

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Dred Scott v. Sanford

Slide17

Dred Scott v. Sanford

Slide18

Sectional Division Grows

Dems

for decision-> Reps condemned it and claimed it was not binding

Reps argued it was an

obiter dictum

->incidental opinion not called for by all circumstances of the case

Southerners called for Northerners to obey the decision or they would secede the Union

Slide19

Kansas’s Lecompton Constitution

Gov’t

fueled conflict b/w pro and antislavery forces in “Bleeding Kansas”

Buchannan urged statehood

constitution was drafted in Lecompton->legalized slavery in the territory

Each side held their own

referendum

-> anti forces opposed and pro forces approved it

Buchanan accepted pros vote and asked Kansas be admitted as slave state

Senate accepted

Lecompton Constitution

Caused fights to break out in Congress

Slide20

Kansas’s Lecompton Constitution

Pres. Buchanan and Southern leaders agreed to allow another referendum-> Southerners were confident b/c if rejected Kansas would be delayed statehood 2yrs.

In 1858, settlers of Kansas rejected the Lecompton Constitution

Became a state in 1861

Slide21

Lincoln and Douglas

Read Lincoln and Douglas on pg. 336-337

Reading Checks:

Lincoln’s background

Douglas’ background

Location of the pivotal debate b/w the 2

Significant Questions and responses

Election winner

Lincoln’s positive impact

Slide22

Lincoln and Douglas

Stephen Douglas

Abraham Lincoln

Slide23

Lincoln-Douglas Debate

Slide24

Lincoln-Douglas Debate

Slide25

John Brown’s Raid

Read pg. 337.

Write a brief summary of John Brown’s Raid.

Discuss all of the following:

What happened?

Who was involved?

Where did it take place?

What were the results of the incident?

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John Brown’s Raid

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