Introduction to the

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New Testament. Wednesday October 2. nd. . What is the New Testament? . The part of our Bible that tells us the story of Jesus Christ and the early Christian church. A collection of 27 documents written in the Greek language that the early Christians added to the Hebrew Bible as sacred scripture .... ID: 421356 Download Presentation

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Slide1

Introduction to the New Testament

Wednesday October 2

nd

Slide2

What is the New Testament?

The part of our Bible that tells us the story of Jesus Christ and the early Christian church

A collection of 27 documents written in the Greek language that the early Christians added to the Hebrew Bible as sacred scripture

Includes the 4 Gospels, the Book of Acts, 21 letters and the Book of Revelations

Slide3

Organization of the Hebrew Bible & New Testament

Hebrew Bible

New Testament

Torah (five books of Moses) ANevi’im (Prophets & history of Israel)AKethuvim (Writings – poetry, wisdom, apocalypse of Daniel)

Four Gospels (story of Jesus)

Book of Acts (church history) & Paul’s Letters

Hebrews, the Epistles & the Book of Revelations

Slide4

Time of the New Testament

Jesus’ ministry was around the time of 27 to 30 CE in rural Galilee

Oral tradition was how stories and news was spread

Paul’s letters are the earliest writings in the NT (around 50 to 70 CE)

The Book of Revelations was composed around 95 CE

The early church spread from Galilee & Jerusalem throughout Asia Minor in the first few generations

The Roman Empire ruled Asia Minor & southern Europe

In retaliation for the Jewish revolt, the Roman Empire destroyed the city of Jerusalem, the Temple and the priesthood in 70 CE and began active persecution of the Jewish and Jewish-Christian communities

Slide5

Map of the Roman Empire in Jesus’ Time

Slide6

Map of the Gospel Communities

Slide7

The Gospels

Word Gospel derived from Greek word

evangelion

which means GOOD NEWS

Tell us the story of Jesus

Questions for you:

What are the four Gospels?

What is the first Gospel in the New Testament?

Which Gospel was written first?

Slide8

The Gospels cont.

Mark

1

st

Gospel written

Written during a time of crisis – earthquakes and Jewish revolt against the Roman Empire – Nero was persecuting Jews & Jewish-Christians alike

Theme of the “hidden Messiah” – Jesus’ true identity is kept secret and revealed through his suffering and death on the cross

Matthew

1

st

Gospel in the NT – links to the Hebrew Bible with his genealogy of Jesus’ ancestors including Abraham & David

Known as the most Jewish Gospel – Jesus is an observant Jew who teaches the

torah

to his followers

Famous for the Sermon the Mount – the Beatitudes

Luke

Part of a two volume work (Luke-Acts)

Written in a Greco-Roman community – Gentiles

Luke’s Jesus emphasizes care for the poor

Famous for

Lukan

stories of the Prodigal Son & the Good Samaritan

John

Doesn’t not follow the pattern of Mark, Matthew and Luke

Doesn’t include the stories of Jesus’ birth, baptism or institution of communion

Famous for the “I am” sayings . . . “I am way”

etc

Slide9

The Book of Acts

The story of the early church

Begins with the story of Pentecost

First half is dedicated to the apostle Peter and Jewish-Christian community in Palestine

Second half is dedicated to Paul and his mission to the Gentiles

Second half of Luke’s 2 volume work

Luke sees the church as the continuance of Jesus’ ministry on earth

Slide10

Paul’s Letters

Authentic Paul

Attributed to Paul

Romans1 Corinthians2nd Corinthians1 ThessaloniansGalatiansPhilippiansPhilemon

2 Thessalonians

Colossians

Ephesians

Titus

1 Timothy

2

nd

Timothy

Slide11

Map of Paul’s Ministry

Slide12

Hebrews & the Epistles

The Book of Hebrews was included in the NT because it argues that Jesus was born both a kingly and priestly Messiah (argument among early Christians and the Jewish community)

The General Epistles were letters from church leaders to the entire church

1

st

& 2

nd

Peter, James, 1

st

, 2

nd

and 3

rd

John and Jude

Slide13

The Book of Revelation

The last book in the New Testament

Called apocalyptic literature because it talks about the end of times

Apocalypse comes from the Greek word

apokalypsis

which means “unveiling”

A book full of metaphors & symbolic language

Written during a time of persecution in the Roman Empire (around 95-96 CE)

Represents the Christian hope for transformation of the world including the end of evil and the coming of God’s kingdom

Slide14

Questions?

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