for . Contemporary Times. Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him. A Presentation by: SD SahuKhan. Aspects of Prophet Muhammad’s Life. Certainly you have in the Messenger of Allah an excellent exemplar. ID: 629136
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The Teachings of Prophet Muhammad for Contemporary Times
Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide2
Aspects of Prophet Muhammad’s LifeCertainly you have in the Messenger of Allah an excellent exemplar...(Holy Qur’an 33:21)Family life. He was a son, husband, father and grandfather
.As a statesman. He drew first ever constitution of a country
As a commander in times of war. He set down rules as to how to treat prisoners of war, how not to hurt children, old people and females, how to treat suspects at interrogation etc
.How he displayed his qualities of being forgiving, patience and being charitable.
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide3
As CommanderThe Senate Intelligence Torture Report unveiled 600 pages of the CIA's "enhanced interrogation tactics" on at least 119 suspects after 9/11. Both American and International law forbid torture.
Interestingly, over 1400 years prior, however, Prophet Muhammad categorically forbade torture for any reason.
Prophet Muhammad forbade pre-emptive war,
all forms of terrorism
, violently revolting against a government no matter how unjust. When Muslims faced brutal persecution in Mecca from 610-620, Muhammad forbade any violent response to the governing authorities.
He offered his companions three options -- remain and bear the persecution, try to change laws through peaceful argumentation, or leave
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide4
Rules and Rights of People at War“Do not attack a wounded person” commanded the Prophet.The Prisoner of War should not be slain. "No prisoner should be put to the sword”.No one in captivity or to be tied to be killed. Following Muhammad's guidance, Abu Bakr
commanded the Muslim army: "O people! I charge you with ten rules; learn them well... for your guidance in the battlefield! Do not commit treachery, or deviate from the right path. You must not mutilate dead bodies. Neither kill a child, nor a woman, nor an aged man. Bring no harm to the trees, nor burn them with fire, especially those which are fruitful. Slay not any of the enemy's flock, save for your food. You are likely to pass by people who have devoted their lives to monastic services; leave them alone."
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide5
Indefinite Detention of Prisoners of War (POWS)Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) stopped and categorically condemned indefinite detention of POWs.So when you meet in battle... when you have overcome them, make (them) prisoners, and afterwards (set them free)...
47:4 After permitting Muslims to only fight in self-defence, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) commanded Muslims to release POWs immediately as war came to an end.
He ordered to maintain
POWs well after the
war ended.And they give food, out of love for Him, to the poor and the orphan and the captive. (76:8).A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide6
Prophet Muhammad as a StatesmanHe guaranteed individual freedom rights within the limits of not causing harm to others.He guaranteed respect to individuals.Political scientists Benthem presented the Theory of Individualism and the contemporary USA follows the same theory.The Prophet (
pbuh) was a pioneer of this theory and practically proved it by placing it into practice. He said “the worst people are those who buy and sell human beings
PBUHA Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide7
Prophet Muhammad as a Statesman contd.He promoted equal opportunities and said, “
Oh people, your Lord is one. Know that there is no superiority of an Arab over a non-Arab or of a non-Arab over an Arab, nor of a white over a black, or of a black over a white, except through consciousness of Allah (taqwa
). Verily, the most honourable among you in the sight of Allah is the one who has most
(piety). He always emphasized Shura (consultation)
as a good form of government, as opposed to despotism.
The Battles of
, the first battle in Islam, and Trench, were fought after the Prophet (
) had consulted his companions on both of these matters. Similarly, the Prophet had consulted his companions before signing the Truce of
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide8
The Medina CharterThe people of Medina comprising of people of different, tribes, faiths or no faiths were always at war with each other. This is seen as a very important first step taken by Prophet Muhammad to unite the Medinan communities, and reflects the diverse nature of human beings made up of different tribes, races and religions.
With unity they were able to defend their homeland from foreign threats because they were
first and foremost citizens of
particular country.Clause 25 high lights the level of tolerance in the charter and also serves as an example of Islam in practice. The Jews were a community along with the believers. “To the Jews their religion and to the Muslims their religion.” This statement ties in with the verse from the Quran (2:256) which says, “
There is no compulsion in religion
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide9
The Medina Charter contd.The Medina Charter served as an example of finding resolve in a dispute where peace and pluralism were achieved not through military successes or ulterior motives but rather through respect, acceptance, and denunciation of war.
The Medina Charter constituted by Prophet Muhammad in 622 was intended to end all conflicts and maintain peace and cooperation among the Medinan people irrespective of religious or tribal background.
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide10
One of the most significant features of the Medina Charter was the recognition of all different communities as one nation regardless of culture, religions and tribes. The first clause in the Charter started with the statement “They are a single community”.God created human beings from different tribes and communities so that they can get to know each other (
Abdallah Bin Bayyah, President of the Forum for Promoting Peace in Muslim Societies said the Medina Charter affirmed the unity of the society in terms of religious pluralism and freedom of religion. But despite its obvious importance, it has not garnered much study. Hence, it is time the Medina Charter is studied, analysed and its contents revived and applied to build a more tolerant, inclusive and peaceful global community. A Presentation by: SD SahuKhan
The Medina Charter
The Medina Constitution already had all important aspects mentioned in Magna
Carta which remains critical to the protection of fundamental liberties not only in Australia but in UK
US as well.
Sir Gerard Brennan, a former Chief Justice of Australia, has said, “the Magna Carta has lived in the hearts and minds of Australian people.
It is an incarnation of the spirit of liberty in Australia. And that whatever its text or meaning, it has become the talisman of the spirit of a society in which tolerance and democracy reside, a society in which power and privilege do not produce tyranny and oppression.
without good laws and good administration of those laws there is no
Lord Irvine said at the
inaugural Magna Carta lecture presented
in the Australian Parliament on 14 October 2002
Magna Carta can be truly appreciated as the foundation stone of the rule of law. Its terms continue to underpin key constitutional doctrines; its flame continues to burn in the torches of modern human rights instruments; and its spirit continues to resonate throughout the law
The Medina Charter contd.
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide12
The Magna Carta (1271) was written to protect all citizens of England. Today it has become the guide for drafting or introducing legislation.The Magna Carta (39) provided there was to be no punishment except in accordance with the law:
“No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land.”
This is covered by the Medina Charter.
Carta provided the right of justice to all. This is covered by the Medina Charter
where it provides
no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.”
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhan
The Medina Charter contd.Slide13
The Magna Carter and Medina CharterIf the Magna Carta is the safety net for any contemporary constitution or legislation, and if it is a copy-cat of the Medina Charter, then consciously or subconsciously, there is a concession by all so called modern western
countries, their legislators, that the Medina Charter is applicable and very relevant in contemporary times
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide14
George Bernard Shaw on Prophet Muhammad“I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion which appears to possess that assimilating capability to the changing phases of existence which can make
itself appeal to every age.
have prophesied about the faith of Muhammad that it would be
acceptable tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today.... I have studied him (i.e. Muhammad), the wonderful man, and in my opinion, far from being an
, he must be called the saviour of
believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world he would bring it the much-needed
is beginning to be enamoured of the creed of Muhammad. In the next century, it may go still further in recognising the utility of that creed in solving its problems, and it is in this sense that you must understand my
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhan
PBUHMICHAEL H. HART, ranked him 1st in the list of the Most Influential Persons in History: "My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the worlds most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels.”
(THE 100: A RANKING OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PERSONS IN HISTORY, New York, 1978, p. 33).
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhan
Michael Hart’s view
Independent View of Prophet Muhammad by Brittanica EncyclopediaPBUH
“Muhammad is the most successful of all Prophets and religious
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide17
ConclusionBefore concluding on who Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was, consider that he:Not only prevented injustice but called for justice, gave rights to all;Helped the needy, visited the sick, forgave his enemies;He never defrauded anyone, was trustworthy, these qualities were acknowledged by all;How can you hate, dislike or pass any judgement on a person without knowing his or her qualities unless one sees with a prejudiced mind.Today we need the revelation (Quran) he received, his teachings and practices. Yvonne Ridley, BBC War correspondent, after embracing Islam, said: “…I started reading the Koran and it was an absolutely breathtaking. It could have been written yesterday for today.”
A Presentation by: SD SahuKhanSlide18