Psychosocial Development Theory

Psychosocial Development Theory Psychosocial Development Theory - Start

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Psychosocial Development Theory - Description

By: Jessica, Jacob, Katie . Who Created the Theory . Erikson’s psychosocial theory explains how a person interacts with the world and those around him. . Erikson has outlined eight major dilemmas that are universally experienced over the course of life. . ID: 491322 Download Presentation

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Psychosocial Development Theory




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Presentations text content in Psychosocial Development Theory

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Psychosocial Development Theory

By: Jessica, Jacob, Katie

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Who Created the Theory

Erikson’s psychosocial theory explains how a person interacts with the world and those around him.

Erikson has outlined eight major dilemmas that are universally experienced over the course of life.

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Stage 1 Infancy: Trust vs. Mistrust

Age (0 to 1 ½)Newborn is completely dependent upon othersLearns to trust those around them or suffers feelings of mistrustInfant will begin to feel secure in the belief that when he cries because of a wet diaper, someone will change itInfant will begin to be mistrustful that if he cries because of hunger, no one will bring a bottle.

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Stage 2 Early Childhood: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

Age (1 ½ to 3)Trying to become autonomous and gain control over his bodyWill either feel proud of himself as he masters potty training Or feel shame and doubt when he experiences difficulty with the task

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Stage 3 Play Age: Initiative vs. Guilt

Age (3 to 5)Is very curious and askes many questionsHe is either praised and encouragedOr he is made to feel guilty and told to be quiet and not ask so many questions.

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Stage 4 Elementary School: Industry vs. Inferiority

Age (5 to 12)Acquiring much knowledge and many new skillsWill feel industrious as he learns to read, write, and do mathOr he will feel inferior when he belongs in the low reading group and makes poor grades

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Stage 5 Adolescence: Identity and Reputation vs. Identity Confusion

Age (12 to 18)Erikson stated that the fifth stage was one of the most important stages for success in life. Begins to determine who he is and what he wants out of lifeOr he grapples with an identity crisis

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Stage 6 Young Adult: Intimacy and Solidarity vs. Isolation

Age (18 to 25)Once he has figured out who he isHe is ready to share himself with another person Or he will feel isolated and not connected to society Some young people want to move into the intimacy stage before they have mastered the identity crisis.

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Stage 7 Adulthood: Generativity vs. Self-Absorption

Age (25 to 65)Will be either productive and contribute to societyOr they will become self-absorbed and negative

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Stage 8: Older Adult: Integrity vs. Despair

Age (65+)Nears end of life will feel a sense of accomplishment and feel he made a positive differenceOr feel despair and regret for all the things he did or did not do

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