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Psychosocial Development Theory

By: Jessica, Jacob, Katie . Who Created the Theory . Erikson’s psychosocial theory explains how a person interacts with the world and those around him. . Erikson has outlined eight major dilemmas that are universally experienced over the course of life. .

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Psychosocial Development Theory




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Presentation on theme: "Psychosocial Development Theory"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Psychosocial Development Theory

By: Jessica, Jacob, Katie Slide2

Who Created the Theory

Erikson’s psychosocial theory explains how a person interacts with the world and those around him.

Erikson has outlined eight major dilemmas that are universally experienced over the course of life. Slide3

Stage 1 Infancy: Trust vs. Mistrust

Age (0 to 1 ½)

Newborn is completely dependent upon others

Learns to trust those around them or suffers feelings of mistrust

Infant will begin to feel secure in the belief that when he cries because of a wet diaper, someone will change it

Infant will begin to be mistrustful that if he cries because of hunger, no one will bring a bottle. Slide4

Stage 2 Early Childhood: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

Age (1 ½ to 3)

Trying to become autonomous and gain control over his body

Will either feel proud of himself as he masters

potty

training Or feel shame and doubt when he experiences difficulty with the taskSlide5

Stage 3 Play Age: Initiative vs. Guilt

Age (3 to 5)

Is very curious and askes many questions

He is either praised and encouraged

Or he is made to feel guilty and told to be quiet and not ask so many questions. Slide6

Stage 4 Elementary School: Industry vs. Inferiority

Age (5 to 12)

Acquiring much knowledge and many new skills

Will feel industrious as he learns to read, write, and do math

Or he will feel inferior when he belongs in the low reading group and makes poor gradesSlide7

Stage 5 Adolescence: Identity and Reputation vs. Identity Confusion

Age (12 to 18)

Erikson stated that the fifth stage was one of the most important stages for success in life.

Begins to determine who he is and what he wants out of life

Or he grapples with an identity crisis Slide8

Stage 6 Young Adult: Intimacy and Solidarity vs. Isolation

Age (18 to 25)

Once he has figured out who he is

He is ready to share himself with another person

Or he will feel isolated and not connected to society

Some young people want to move into the intimacy stage before they have mastered the identity crisis. Slide9

Stage 7 Adulthood: Generativity vs. Self-Absorption

Age (25 to 65)

Will be either productive and contribute to society

Or they will become self-absorbed and negative Slide10

Stage 8: Older Adult: Integrity vs. Despair

Age (65+)

Nears end of life will feel a sense of accomplishment and feel he made a positive difference

Or feel despair and regret for all the things he did or did not doSlide11