Urbanization

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Urbanization - Description

Introduction to Global Studies. XIDS 2301. Map 18. Urbanization. An increasing . number. of people in cities. An increasing . rate. of urbanization. Urbanization rate. Growth in urbanization rate. ID: 380255 Download Presentation

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Urbanization




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Presentations text content in Urbanization

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Urbanization

Introduction to Global StudiesXIDS 2301

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Map 18 Urbanization

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An increasing

number

of people in cities

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An increasing

rate

of urbanization

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Urbanization rate

Growth in urbanization rate

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Megacities in 2003

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*The share of the world’s, MDC’s, and LDC’s urban populations concentrated in megacities is increasing, but . . .

Distribution of urban population by city size

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Overurbanization

What? Why?

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Squatting

South America

Southeast Asia

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Informal Economy

Africa

South America

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Urbanization:

Local and Global Forces

Push or Pull?

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Cities will account for virtually all future world population growth

Ninety five percent of this will occur in the urban areas of developing countries

Dhaka, Kinshasa, Lagos

 40 times larger than they were in 1950 (compare to London,

7 times larger in 1910 than 1800

Huge cities—Mexico city expected to grow to 50 million, almost 40 percent of the

National total

Three-quarters of burden of future world pop growth will be borne by smaller cities

“there is little or no planning to accommodate these people or provide them with

Services”

Why the rapid growth? Manufacturing growth. But most of developing world lacks this—

Urbanization is decoupled from industrialization and “development” and rising

Agricultural productivity

Urbanization without industrialization

Why? Economic liberalization—declining safety nets, farmers competing in global commodity

Mkts

, more vulnerable to

exogeneous

shocks: drought, inflation, falling prices, etc.

Plus unstable wars, combining with economic dislocations, were ravaging

countrysides

Global forces are “pushing” people from the countryside—mechanization of

ag

, importers, civil war and drought,

Comptition

with industrial-scale agribusiness; the “pull” is weakened by stagnant growth

Population growth without investment in infrastructure, educational facilities, public health

systems

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Slum growth—urbanization and slum growth are synonymous

Since 1970, slum growth has outpaced urbanization

Mexico City– 60 percent of city’s growth was slum growth

Sao Paulo—slums were 1.2 percent in 1973, 20 percent in 1993

In Amazon, 80 percent of city growth is in slums

In South Asia 90 percent of urban growth was slum growth

Of 500k who migrate to Delhi each year, 400k end up in slums; by 2015 will have slum pop of 10 million

In Africa, fastest slum growth on earth. Growing twice as fast as overall city growth

In Kenya, 85 percent of city growth was slum growth

Cities of the future quote on page 19

“The state does nothing here quote on page 62

Squatting and informal economy

Strategy has shifted from eliminating slums and/or poverty to improving them; they are now the solution and not the problem—self-help, incremental construction and legalization

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http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2007/05/dharavi-mumbai-slum/dharavi-video-interactive

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