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An Equal Opportunity Institution
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An Equal Opportunity Institution

Encouraging Independence through Project Work

Sonja Crawford, 4-H Coordinator / Livestock Agent III, Hendry County

Kate Fogarty, 4-H Youth Development Specialist

Special Thanks to:


Sachs, 4-H Extension Agent II, St. John’s CountySlide2


Independence – What is it?

Fostering Independence in Project Work

Goal Setting/Helping Youth Make Progress toward Self-set goals, Empowering vs. Enabling

Recognizing Independence through Helping Youth Set

Their Own Goals

Review of Standards of Excellence

Summary, Questions, Evaluation

An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide3

Independence Defined

“I pledge my


to clearer thinking…”

An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide4

Independence Defined

In order to develop self-confidence, youth need to feel and believe that they are capable, and they must gain experience at solving problems and meeting challenges. They need to know that they are able to influence people and events through decision-making and action. They need opportunities to understand themselves and become independent thinkers. (University of California Cooperative Extension Service – Project Leader’s Digest – ANR Publication 21729)

An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide5

Independence: Questions to Ask Youth


are you going to influence people and/or events through decision

making (your decisions)?

What did you learn or discover from participating in your project that can be applied to the future?

How does what you learned relate to other parts of your life?

How can you use what you learned outside this project in other settings?

How will this experience change the way you approach a similar task in the future?

An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide6

Setting Project Goals

Part of fostering youth independence is to help them set their own project goals.

When youth achieve goals they set for themselves, they gain a sense of independence and accomplishment

Youth also learn where their skills measure up in terms of “Standards of Excellence” in independent projects

Standards of Excellence will be covered later in this presentation

An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide7

Setting Project Goals

If we don’t know WHERE we are GOING… HOW will we ever know IF we get THERE?

An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide8

Setting Project Goals


your answer in chat box)

An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide9

Setting Project Goals

An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide10

Setting Project Goals

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Goal Setting: Enabling vs. Empowering


Behaviors that put the adult leader between youth and life experience

Fosters dependence


Turning control over to youth so have a sense of control over their own lives & decisions

An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide12

Enabling versus Empowering

An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide13

Setting Project Goals


Describe a meaningful 4-H Youth Project Goal…

(type your answer in chat box)

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Setting Project Goals: Review

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Progress Towards Goals

What are some ways we encourage 4-H youth to make progress toward goals that youth set for themselves?

An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide16

Achievement of

Standards of Excellence

What do you think of when you hear “achievement of standards of excellence”?

An Equal Opportunity Institution

(type your

answer in chat box)Slide17

Standards of Excellence

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An Equal Opportunity InstitutionSlide19



About the Ribbons’

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2013. Florida 4-H Recognition for Excellence, Helping Youth Grow.  

University of California Cooperative Extension Service (2007). Project Leader’s Digest – ANR Publication 21729. Shenandoah Valley Teen Challenge. Am I enabling or empowering?

Blog post accessed on

Fogarty, K. (2009). Teening-Up: A curriculum for parents of teens aged 10-19. UF/IFAS Extension.

An Equal Opportunity Institution

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An Equal Opportunity Institution - Description

Encouraging Independence through Project Work Sonja Crawford 4H Coordinator Livestock Agent III Hendry County Kate Fogarty 4H Youth Development Specialist Special Thanks to Geralyn Sachs 4H Extension Agent II St Johns County ID: 539415 Download Presentation

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