Turn in SENSATION and PERCEPTION reading guide to the inbox QUIZ S cantron bubbles AND NAME Pen Testing Nook Phone on wall cannot pickup until given the all clear Once done wquiz return to front and answer questions in your notebook ID: 545922 Download Presentation
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DO NOW 11/17, 11/18
Turn in SENSATION and PERCEPTION reading guide to the inbox.
(bubbles AND NAME)
Phone on wall (cannot pick-up until given the all clear)
Once done w/quiz return to front and answer questions in your notebook:
Why did you take AP Psych?
What brought you to school today?
What do you think of when you think about your future? Slide2
conduction hearing loss
hearing loss caused by damage to the mechanical system that conducts sound waves to the cochlea.
hearing loss caused by damage to the cochlea's receptors cells or to the auditory nerves; also called nerve deafness.Slide3
Reading Guide and
CC: Let’s Talk about Sex
CC: The Power of Motivation Slide4
MOTIVATION: Theories and hunger Slide5
• Identify and apply basic motivational concepts to understand the behavior of humans and other animals (e.g., instincts, incentives, intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation).
Discuss the biological underpinnings of motivation, including needs, drives, and homeostasis.
Compare and contrast motivational theories (e.g., drive reduction theory, arousal theory, general adaptation theory), including the strengths and weaknesses of each.
Describe classic research findings in specific motivation systems (e.g., eating, sex, social)
• Discuss theories of stress and the effects of stress on psychological and physical well-being. • Compare and contrast major theories of emotion (e.g., James–Lange, Cannon– Bard, Schachter two-factor theory). •
Describe how cultural influences shape emotional expression, including variations in body language. • Identify key contributors in the psychology of motivation and emotion (e.g., William James, Alfred Kinsey, Abraham Maslow, Stanley
A need or desire that energizes
Behavior patterned throughout a species
Early Motivation Theories
tendency of organisms to maintain
When we are too cold, hypothalamus releases hormones that cause us to shiver
seek out warmth
put on clothing
When we have not had enough sleep, we are likewise pushed to slow down as we yawn
struggle to keep our eyes open.
Homeostasis helps us to return to
state after we
deviate from our normal state.Slide8
COMPONENTS OF MOTIVATION
a behavior designed to achieve a specific goal.
that one requires or
pushes a person to act.
person toward a particular behavior.
Having the desire to engage in an activity and
being aware of the desire
Having a desire to engage in an activity but being consciously
unaware of the desire
Motivation includes the influences that account for the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of behavior
“why we do what we do”
Ralston was motivated to cut his arm to free himself from a rock that pinned him down.
AP Photo/ Rocky Mountain News, Judy WalgrenSlide11
THEORIES OF MOTIVATION
MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS Slide12
: innate, automatic disposition toward responding in a particular way when confronted with a specific
All creatures born w/innate knowledge that allows them to survive
Birds builds nests, salmon spawn and do these items perfectly the 1
time…because behaviors are engrained in their genetic code
© Ariel Skelley/ Masterfile
Tony Brandenburg/ Bruce Coleman, Inc.
Tony Brandenburg/ Bruce Coleman, Inc.Slide13
Motivation arises from imbalances in
to reduce tension the need or drive creates
(Ex: hunger, thirst, sex)
(Eat , Drink, Sex)
Theories of motivation
Motivation produced by need for goal attainment.
Intrinsic- Internal need / reward
Extrinsic – External reward
intrinsic interest in task
What motivates us to work?
(School, job, sports, video games, relationships etc..)
Rewards we get internally, such as enjoyment or satisfaction.
Reward that we get for accomplishments from outside ourselves (grades or money or etc..)
Work great in the short run.Slide16
Theories of Motivation
Humans seek activities & situations that create desired levels of physiological arousal
Optimal level of arousal helps
Perform best when arousal is moderate
Optimal Arousal Theory
generally try to increase arousal when too low (bored) or decrease arousal when too high (stressed)Slide17
lower needs must be met 1
needs not have to be fulfilled 100% to move up to next level…the average American 85% level 1, 70% level 2, 50% level 3, 40% level 4, 10% level 5
theory a bit arbitrary – the order is not universally fixed, as there will always be exceptions
achievement, status, responsibility, reputation
personal growth and fulfilment
Belongingness and Love needs
family, affection, relationships, work group, etc.
protection, security, order, law, limits, stability, etc.
Biological and Physiological needs
basic life needs - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc.
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