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Howard E. AldrichESBRI EstradStockholm, September 30, 2013
Hackers, Makers, and Crowdfunding: Lowering the Barriers to Entrepreneurship
Two Global Trends
Technological revolutionMicro-everythingIT & Social MediaEnabling scaling down/up
Institutional entrepreneurshipLegacy of 1960’s Localism & communityFacilitating collaboration & cooperation
Social Innovation & New Institutions: “Hot Causes”
Rebelling against the “closed box”
Promoting local production & controlDoing things for yourselfEarning living from own creativity & labor
“If You Can Imagine It, You Can Make It”
User-Driven InnovationMedical devicesJuvenile productsExtreme sportsTypesettingTechnology wants to be free!
Computer Numerical Control (CNC) for machines
Some of The New Tools
Where Do “Makers” Go to Gain Access to Tools?
Closed Access - $$ drivenIncubatorsAccelerators
Open Access – Cooperative & Collaborative SpacesHackerspacesFab Labs (MIT-sponsored)TechShop1000’s globally
Hackerspaces in USA
Hoboken: MakerBarSF: NoiseBridgeOakland: LiberatingOurselvesLocallyBrooklyn: NYC ResistorPhiladelphia: The HackToryCulver City: CrashSpace
Institutional Structures of Cooperation & Collaboration