PSSA VOCABULARY - PowerPoint Presentation

PSSA VOCABULARY
PSSA VOCABULARY

PSSA VOCABULARY - Description


20122013 WOLCS Word of the Day Context Clues information from the reading that identifies a word or group of words Word of the Day Prefixes and Suffixes an affix put before a word to alter its meaning ID: 285874 Download Presentation

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Slide1

PSSA VOCABULARY

2012-2013

WOLCSSlide2

Word of the Day

Context Clues

information

from

the reading that identifies a word or group of wordsSlide3

Word of the Day

Prefixes and Suffixes

an affix put before a word to alter its meaning

Ex. dis (disbelief), un (unprepared), pre (preoccupied

)

groups of letters placed after a word to modify its meaning or change it into a different group

Ex. speechless (less), beautiful (

ful

), Kindness (

ness)Slide4

Word of the Day

Synonyms and Antonyms

one of two or more words in a language that highly similar meanings

Ex. sorrow, grief,

sadness

words

with opposite meanings

Ex. hot and coldSlide5

Word of the Day

Multiple Meaning Words

Multiple Meaning Words are words that have several meanings depending upon how they are

used

in a

sentence.

1. I

watched 

the bat

 flitting through the trees

.

2. Raymond gripped 

the bat

 tightly as he waited for the pitch

.

3. I hope I can

 bat 

a home run!Slide6

Word of the Day

Author’s Purpose

An author’s purpose is the reason an author

decides to write about a specific topic. Then,

once a topic is selected, the author must

decide whether his purpose for writing is to

inform, persuade, entertain, or explain his

ideas to the reader.Slide7

Word of the Day

Text Format

the

author's message about the topic. it is often expressed directly in

the

first or last sentence of a paragraph, or it can be impliedSlide8

Word of the Day

Metaphor

a figure of speech that compares 2 unlike things without the use of like or as

Ex. The road was a ribbon of moonlightSlide9

Word of the Day

Personification

a figure of speech in which an inanimate object is given human characteristicsSlide10

Word of the Day

Main Idea

the

author's message about the topic. it is often expressed directly in

the

first or last sentence of a paragraph, or it can be impliedSlide11

Word of the Day

Fact/Opinion

a piece of information that can be proven

Ex. There are 50 states in the United States of America

.

a personal point of view or beliefSlide12

Word of the Day

Making Inferences

a judgment based on reasoning rather than on direct statement. A conclusion based on facts; understandings gained by "reading between the lines"Slide13

When you draw a conclusion you use 2 things:

What you know in your head.

and

What you’ve read in the story.

A conclusion is the decision you come to when you put these two together.

Drawing Conclusions:Slide14

Word of the Day

Text Organization

The author’s method of organizing text.Slide15

Word of the Day

Figurative Language

description of one thing in terms usually used for something else

Ex. similes, metaphors, alliteration, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, pun, idiomSlide16

Word of the Day

Simile

a figure of speech in which like or as are used to compare two unlike things

Ex. His face was as red as a cherry.Slide17

Word of the Day

Alliteration

a repetition of initial, or beginning, sounds in two or more consecutive or neighboring words

Ex. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.Slide18

Word of the Day

Point of View

the perspective from which a story is toldSlide19

Word of the Day

Characterization

the method used by the author to give readers information about a character; a description or representation of a person's qualities or peculiaritiesSlide20

Word of the Day

Character Traits

Character traits are all the aspects of a person’s behavior and attitudes that make up that person’s 

personality.

Everyone has character traits, both good and bad. Even characters in books have character traits. Character traits are often shown with descriptive adjectives, like patient, unfaithful, or jealous. Slide21

Word of the Day

Plot

refers to the series of events that give a story its meaning and effect.Slide22

Word of the Day

Setting

the time and place in which a story occursSlide23

Word of the Day

Theme

the

main idea of a literary work; the

message

the author wants to communicate, sometimes expressed as a generalization about lifeSlide24

Word of the Day

Synonyms and Antonyms

one of two or more words in a language that highly similar meanings

Ex. sorrow, grief,

sadness

words

with opposite meanings

Ex. hot and coldSlide25

Word of the Day

Multiple Meaning Words

Multiple Meaning Words are words that have several meanings depending upon how they are

used

in a

sentence.

1. I

watched 

the bat

 flitting through the trees

.

2. Raymond gripped 

the bat

 tightly as he waited for the pitch

.

3. I hope I can

 bat 

a home run!Slide26

Word of the Day

Author’s Purpose

An author’s purpose is the reason an author

decides to write about a specific topic. Then,

once a topic is selected, the author must

decide whether his purpose for writing is to

inform, persuade, entertain, or explain his

ideas to the reader.Slide27

Word of the Day

Text Format

the

author's message about the topic. it is often expressed directly in

the

first or last sentence of a paragraph, or it can be impliedSlide28

Word of the Day

Main Idea

the

author's message about the topic. it is often expressed directly in

the

first or last sentence of a paragraph, or it can be impliedSlide29

Word of the Day

Summarizing

Summarizing is how we take larger selections of text and reduce them to their bare essentials: the gist, the key ideas, the main points that are worth noting and remembering

.

-pull

out main

ideas

-focus

on key

details

-use

key words and

phrases

-break

down the larger

ideas

-write

only enough to convey the

gistSlide30

Word of the Day

Fact/Opinion

a piece of information that can be proven

Ex. There are 50 states in the United States of America

.

a personal point of view or beliefSlide31

Word of the Day

Making Inferences

a judgment based on reasoning rather than on direct statement. A conclusion based on facts; understandings gained by "reading between the lines"Slide32

When you draw a conclusion you use 2 things:

What you know in your head.

and

What you’ve read in the story.

A conclusion is the decision you come to when you put these two together.

Drawing Conclusions:Slide33

Word of the Day

Simile

a figure of speech in which like or as are used to compare two unlike things

Ex. His face was as red as a cherry.Slide34

Word of the Day

Alliteration

a repetition of initial, or beginning, sounds in two or more consecutive or neighboring words

Ex. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.Slide35

Word of the Day

Point of View

the perspective from which a story is toldSlide36

Word of the Day

Characterization

the method used by the author to give readers information about a character; a description or representation of a person's qualities or peculiaritiesSlide37

Word of the Day

Metaphor

a figure of speech that compares 2 unlike things without the use of like or as

Ex. The road was a ribbon of moonlightSlide38

Word of the Day

Text OrganizationSlide39

Word of the Day

Context Clues

information

frome

the reading that identifies a word or group of wordsSlide40

Word of the Day

Prefixes and Suffixes

an affix put before a word to alter its meaning

Ex. dis (disbelief), un (unprepared), pre (preoccupied

)

groups of letters placed after a word to modify its meaning or change it into a different group

Ex. speechless (less), beautiful (

ful

), Kindness (

ness)

Shom More....