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Personal Protective Equipment

Overview. Adapted from the FAD . PReP. /NAHEMS . Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment (2011). Clarify what is meant by “PPE”. Purpose of PPE. Hazard assessment, control and . cost-benefit analysis.

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Personal Protective Equipment






Presentation on theme: "Personal Protective Equipment"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Personal Protective Equipment

Overview

Adapted from the FAD

PReP

/NAHEMS

Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment (2011)Slide2

Clarify what is meant by “PPE”

Purpose of PPEHazard assessment, control and cost-benefit analysisPPE education and training

PPE selection based on risk

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD

PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

This PresentationSlide3

Special clothing and equipment places a barrier between an individual and a hazard

Protects the bodyEyes, ears, face, headHands and feetRespiratory protection

National Veterinary

Stockpile

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

What is PPE?Slide4

In an animal disease emergency PPE:

Protects responders from potentially harmful hazardsPrevents spread of hazards between

animals or locations

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

Purpose of PPESlide5

Hazard Assessment

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - OverviewSlide6

Evaluate risk of hazard exposure

Proper selection/management of PPEBiologicalChemicalEnvironmental

Poor

PPE selection may result in:

Enhanced risk of disease spreadImpaired job performanceRisk of injury, illness, or death

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

Hazard AssessmentSlide7

Risk assessment establishes:

Composition, magnitude of hazardLength of time PPE will perform at known level of protectionExertion level, extent of physical work to be performed while wearing PPEPerformed by Incident

Commander

or Safety Officer

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

Hazard AssessmentSlide8

Hazard Controls

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - OverviewSlide9

PPE is not a first line of defense

Initial steps to eliminate hazards must be taken firstEngineering controlsAdministrative controls and work practices

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

Hazard ControlsSlide10

Engineering controls

Contain or remove a hazard through:Isolation

Enclosure

Ventilation

SubstitutionPrevent or reduce responder exposure

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

Hazard ControlsSlide11

Administrative controls

Regulate responders’ exposure to hazards through:Initiated policies

Directives

Other measures

Example: Responders exposure to a hazard is limited to less than length of work shift

USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

Hazard ControlsSlide12

Implement training to reduce hazard exposure

IC determines when a hazardous situation must be enteredNeed for animal health personnel varies according to the emergency typeLess likely to respond to chemical or radiological emergency

Must be aware of your role

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

Hazard

R

eduction TrainingSlide13

Hazard control measures based on:

Need, feasibility, efficacyBenefits of protecting human healthTotal costs of PPEIf PPE is deemed too costly, responders will not

enter the hazardous area or perform work

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

Cost-Benefit AnalysisSlide14

PPE Education and Training

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - OverviewSlide15

Training on PPE use reduces

responder hazard exposureEffective training programs combine multiple approachesCognitive

, affective,

applied

Remember, PPE is only effective when it is worn and used properly!

USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

PPE Education and TrainingSlide16

PPE training programs should include:

Role of PPE and benefits of usePrecautions and limitations of PPERecognizing signs of cold/heat stressAppropriate PPE selection

Importance of proper fitting

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

PPE Education and TrainingSlide17

PPE training programs should include:

Donning, doffing, and the buddy systemDetection of damaged/broken PPESourcing of physicians/locations that can manage zoonotic diseasesStress-management

techniques

Decontamination,

storage, maintenance, and disposal

USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

PPE Education and TrainingSlide18

PPE Selection

Based on RiskUSDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - OverviewSlide19

Zoonotic risk

Low: little/no risk to human healthModerate: non-life-threatening riskHigh: life-threatening riskBiosecurity risk

Low: non-contagious or vector-borne

Moderate: contagious, low survival

High: highly contagious, high survival

USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

PPE SelectionSlide20

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

PPE SelectionSlide21

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

PPE SelectionSlide22

PPE selection must consider:

Tasks assignedExertion level, extent of physical workTemperature, humidity, and time wornClassification of premises

Many things to consider, but preparation and training are

essential to a safe and successful response

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

Additional PPE FactorsSlide23

FAD

PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines & SOP: Personal Protective Equipment (2011)http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/emergency_management/

Personal Protective Equipment web-based training module

http://naherc.sws.iastate.edu/

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

For More InformationSlide24

Authors (CFSPH)

Janice Mogan, DVM

Gayle

B. Brown, DVM, PhD

Elizabeth Wormley

, Junior Veterinary StudentReviewers (USDA

)

Peter A.

Petch

, RPIH, CIPS,

CIMT

, CHS-V

Stephen Goff, DVM

USDA APHIS and CFSPH

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Personal Protective Equipment - Overview

Guidelines ContentSlide25

Acknowledgments

Development of this presentation was by the Center for Food Security and Public Health at Iowa State University through funding from

the

USDA APHIS

Veterinary

Services

PPT Authors

:

Dawn Bailey

,

BS; Kerry

Leedom

Larson, DVM, MPH, PhD,

DACVPM

Reviewers:

Glenda

Dvorak, DVM, MS,

MPH, DACVPM

;

Patricia

Futoma

, Veterinary

Student;

Janice

Mogan,

DVM