Stress and Meditation

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Stress and Meditation




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Presentations text content in Stress and Meditation

Slide1

Stress and Meditation

By J. Seppala, C. Adams, J. Knudson

Slide2

The Problem

Research1 has shown that stress is associated with Muscle soreness DepressionNegative moodFatigueLowered immune responseLeaky Gut Syndrome When looking at this evidence it is important to look at different ways that can help lower stress and improve overall health.

theproductivitypro.com

Slide3

The Effects of Brief and Sham Mindfulness Meditation on Mood and Cardiovascular Variables2

The method of this study took 82 undergraduates and divided them into 3 groups; Mindful meditation, Sham meditation, and a control groupThe experiment took place over 3 sessions of meditationResults showed the mindful meditation group had a bigger decrease in negative mood, depression, fatigue, confusion, and heart rate compared to the other groupsThe reduction in heart rate suggests that the mindful meditation does show cardiovascular improvement.

technorati.com

Slide4

Breathing-control lowers blood pressure3

The side effects and costs of anti-hypertensive drugs has prompted a search for a natural, non pharmacological approach to controlling blood pressure1This study shows that doing simple breathing exercises at home for 10 minutes daily had significant blood pressure reductionsThis study was done over a 2 month periodResults show that this method of non drug therapy as well as it’s home monitoring can be maintained for at least 2 months

fikrifishoul.blogspot.com

Slide5

The Experiment

Purpose Statement ~ The purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between meditation and stressHypothesis ~ We hypothesize that practicing meditation for 10 minutes will reduce stress.

meditationandpsychotherapy.org Dependent Variable ~ stress Independent Variable ~ meditation

Slide6

Participants

Inclusion: People who do not meditate and are full time students at Bastyr UniversityExclusion: People who already regularly meditate, People with kidsInstruments:Survey/questionnaire BP using digital scaleParticipantsGender: Male and Female Age: 18-35

yogameditation.com

Slide7

Methods ~ Meditating Group

Came to room 284 at 12 pm on 2/15/2011 and 2/22/2011They filled out a surveyThey took their blood pressure and heart rate using a digital wrist cuffThey recorded all resultsParticipated in a guided meditation for 10 minutesFilled out the same surveyTook blood pressure and heart rate again

interactioninstitute.org

Slide8

Methods ~ Non-Meditating Group

Came to room 184 at 12 pm on 2/15/2011 and 2/22/2011They filled out a surveyThey took their blood pressure and heart rate using a digital wrist cuffThey recorded all resultsParticipants were restricted from doing anything school related but were allowed to talk and eatFilled out the same surveyTook blood pressure and heart rate again

nataliedee.com

Slide9

Results

ComparedPerceived StressBlood PressureHeart Rate

7 ParticipantsGroup of 4Group of 3

Pic.1

yogaearth.com

pic. 2

amigosbandb.com

Slide10

Meditating Group

Slide11

Non-Meditating Group

Slide12

Blood Pressure Comparison

Meditating

Non-Meditating

ParticipantsBefore BPAfter BP1104/62110/652113/68103/63397/61102/63490/5393/505119/86123/806100/52117/567110/68111/60

Participants

Before BP

After BP

1

127/80

112/74

2

110/70

109/69

3

106/61

106/63

4

99/45

95/57

5

114/79

115/77

6

93/57

93/51

7

102/72

95/66

Slide13

Heart Rate Comparison

Meditating

Non-Meditating

Slide14

Mean ± Standard Deviation

BEFORE

Mean

±

Standard Deviation

AFTER

Mean ±

Standard Deviation

Meditating

Stress Level

63.7

±

34.4

49.4 ± 30.3

Non-Meditating

Stress Level

88.6 ± 23.8

76.7 ± 26.1

Meditating

Heart Rate

73.1

±

13.0

72.3 ± 13.7

Non-Meditating

Heart Rate

72.4 ± 19.3

72.6 ± 15.3

Slide15

Conclusions

Overall blood pressure of the meditating group decreased, while the majority of the non-meditators’ blood pressure increased.

The stress level of the meditating group decreased overall but stress level of non-meditating group also decreased.

Heart rate went down in a small amount on average in the meditating group, while heart rate stayed the same in non-meditating group.

The results were inconclusive, because of all

of the limitations such as self reporting data and the electric blood pressure cuff.

Slide16

Discussion

LIMITATIONS Amount of participantsParticipant complianceBlood pressure and heart rate cuff possible errorHuman ErrorSurveyTime frameMeditation time

takver.com

Slide17

What We Learned?

Research is hard :/The process was lengthy and a lot of workVery difficult controlling participants & all variablesSelf reporting data allows for large margin or error

notravelmlms.blogspot.com

Slide18

Sources

1. Grossman P,

Neimann

L, Schmidt S, Walach H.

Mindfulness-based

stress

reduction

and

health

benefits

. J

Psychosom

Res. 2004; 57: 35-43.

2.

Zieden

,

Fadel

, Susan Johnson,

Nakia

Gordon, and Paula

Goolkasian

.

Effects

of Brief and Sham Mindfulness Meditation on Mood and Cardiovascular Variables

.

The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 16 (2010): 867-73

.

3. Grossman

, E., A. Grossman, R.

Zimlichman

, and B.

Gavish

.

Breathing

-control lowers blood pressure

.

Journal of Human Hypertension 15 (2001): 263-69.

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