Gothic Literature

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By Myriam Miller . History of the term “Gothic”. The term Gothic can refer to many things:. Style of Art such as novels, paintings, architecture and even music and its fans. . The term “gothic” was used because of the art’s resemblance to the Goths and their way of life and their language.... ID: 297687 Download Presentation

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Gothic Literature




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Presentations text content in Gothic Literature

Slide1

Gothic Literature

By Myriam Miller

Slide2

History of the term “Gothic”

The term Gothic can refer to many things:

Style of Art such as novels, paintings, architecture and even music and its fans.

The term “gothic” was used because of the art’s resemblance to the Goths and their way of life and their language.

(De

Vore

et al, 1)

Slide3

History of the Goths

One of the many Germanic Tribes who fought battles against the Roman Empire.

Goths originated in southern Sweden and were led by their king

Berig

to the shore of the Baltic Sea where they split into two separate groups:

Visigoths (the west Goths)

Ostrogoths

(the east Goths)

(De

Vore

et al, 1)

Slide4

Why the reference?

After the Goths’ history faded into that of the countries they conquered, many years had to pass before the reference was made by the Europeans. The Europeans rediscovered the Greco-Roman culture and began calling the architecture made in the Middle Ages as “gothic”. This was because of how barbaric the buildings looked.

Centuries had to pass before the reference to gothic novels appeared. This was because the gothic novels were set in these barbaric buildings that were made in the Middle Ages such as mansions, castles and abbeys.

(De

Vore

et al, 1)

Slide5

Elements of Gothic Literature

Gothic literature falls into the category of the Romantic literature. It emerged in England from 1790 to 1830. It is based on the petrifying writing that can be dated back to the Middle Ages. (De Vore et al, 2) Google images

Slide6

Elements of Gothic Literature

Castle Setting:

A gothic novel can take place in an abandoned or occupied castle that has secret passages, trap doors, secret rooms, dark or hidden passageways, some of the castle can also be in ruins.

An Atmosphere of mystery and suspense:

The plot of a novel can be built around a mystery and involves a feeling of terror or an enhanced fear of the unknown.

An Ancient prophecy:

This prophecy could be associated with either the castle itself or the characters; it could be “obscure, partial or confusing.”

Omens, portents, visions:

This could include a character having a dream vision.

(Harris, 1)

Slide7

Elements of Goth Literature

Supernatural or inexplicable events:

Can contain ghosts walking, giants walking, or innate objects coming to life.

High, even overwrought emotion:

The narration of the story can be very emotional and the characters can be overwhelmed by anger, sorrow, surprise and of course terror.

Damsel in distress:

Just like in any fairytale, there is always a woman who needs rescuing from an overbearing male. The women can experience many negative emotions and is usually the “center of attention” of the novel.

Woman threatened by a powerful, impulsive, tyrannical male:

This could mean that a dominate male such as a king, lord of the castle, father or guardian could be the reason of the damsel’s distress.

(Harris, 1&2)

Slide8

Elements of Gothic Literature

“Metonymy is a subtype of metaphor, in which something (like rain)is used to stand for something else (like sorrow)” (Harris, 2).

Metonymies for “doom and gloom”:

Wind (especially howling)

Rain (especially blowing)

Doors grating on rusty hinges Sighs, moans, howls, eerie sounds

F

ootsteps approaching Clanking chains

Lights in abandoned room Gusts of wind blowing out lights

Characters trapped in a room Doors suddenly slamming shut

Ruins of a building Baying of distant dogs or wolves

Thunder and lightning Crazed Laughter

Vocabulary is used to create and set the mood of the novels atmosphere

.

(Harris,2)

Slide9

Elements of Gothic Literature: Vocabulary

MysteryDiabolical, enchantment, magic, omens, prophecy, secret, spirits, strangeness, vision, talisman Fear, TerrorAgony, despair, frantic, fright, horror, shrieks, terrified, dreading, anguish, dismaySorrowMelancholy, miserable, mournfully, tears, unhappy, wretched SurpriseAlarm, amazement, astonished, shocking, thunderstruck, wonderHasteAnxious, flight, frantic, impatience, running, sudden, impetuosity, precipitately AngerCholer, enraged, furious, fury, incense, provoked, rage, raving, resentment, temper, wrathLargenessEnormous, gigantic, giant, large, tremendous, vastDarknessDismal, shaded, black, night, shadows

(Harris, 3)

Slide10

Gothic Criticism

“Presentation of the unpresentable”

It is said that Gothic novels helps readers understand feelings and other ideas through horror.

Having to struggle for happiness, it is a metaphor for having to endure the different obstacles in reality.

These struggles are the “focal point” of a Gothic novel, so it seems.

(De

Vore

et al, 3)

Slide11

Great Gothic Reads!

Jane Eyre

by Charlotte

Bront

ë

Dracula

by Bram Stoker

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

by Robert Louis Stevenson

Interview with the Vampire

by Anne Rice

Northanger Abbey

by Jane Austen

The Phantom of the Opera

by Gaston

Leroux

The Raven and other Poems

by Edgar Allen Pope

The Haunting of Hill House

by Shirley

Jaskon

Frankenstein

by Mary Shelley

Wuthering Heights

by Emily

Bront

ë

(Good Reads)

Slide12

Works Cited

"Best Gothic Books Of All Time." 

Best Gothic Books Of All Time (190 Books)

. Good Reads,

n.d

. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.goodreads.com/list/show/1230.Best_Gothic_Books_Of_All_Time>.

De

Vore

, David, Anne Domenic, Alexandra Kwan, and Nicole

Reidy

. "The Gothic Novel."

The Gothic Novel

.

N.p

.,

n.d

. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <cai.ucdavis.edu/waters-sites/

gothicnovel

/155breport.html>.

Harris, Robert. "Elements of the Gothic Novel." 

Elements of the Gothic Novel

. Virtual Salt, 22 Nov. 2011. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.virtualsalt.com/gothic.htm>.

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