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From COVID-19 to COVI-Flu: A Burgeoning Pandemic From COVID-19 to COVI-Flu: A Burgeoning Pandemic

From COVID-19 to COVI-Flu: A Burgeoning Pandemic - PDF document

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From COVID-19 to COVI-Flu: A Burgeoning Pandemic - PPT Presentation

Page 9 Yan Leyfman 1 Timothy K Erick 1 Pushpa Sharma 12 1 WACEMACAIM Joint Global COVID19 Taskforce151 Immunology Division USA 2 Department of Anaesthesiology Uniformed Services Universit ID: 823383

flu covid sars cov covid flu cov sars covi pandemic systemic 2020 oncology virus society immunology leyfman infection vaccination

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Page 9From COVID-19 to COVI-Flu: A Burg
Page 9From COVID-19 to COVI-Flu: A Burgeoning PandemicYan Leyfman1, Timothy K. Erick1, Pushpa Sharma1,21WACEM-ACAIM Joint Global COVID-19 Taskforce— Immunology Division, USA2Department of Anaesthesiology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USACitation: Yan Leyfman; From COVID-19 to COVI-Flu: A Burgeoning Pandemic; COVID Vaccines 2020 ; August 31, 2020 | Paris, FranceWebinar on COVID-19 Vaccination | August 31, 2020 | Paris, FranceAbstract:Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a respiratory ill-ness caused by the novel betacoronavirus SARS-CoV-2, has rapidly caused a global pandemic. This viral infec-tion has broad symptomatic presentations, ranging from asymptomatic to fatal. Studies have demonstrated that patients with severe symptoms and elevated pro-inflam-matory (IL-1β, IL-6, IFN-, and TNF-) and lower anti-in-flammatory cytokine levels (IL-10) tend to possess a poor prognosis. Based on the available evidence, we proposed a mechanism by which SARS-CoV-2 infection causes systemic organ damage through IL-6-mediated inflam-mation. Elevated IL-6 fuels a cytokine release syndrome and hypoxia, resulting in vast systemic injury, multi-or-gan damage, and eventually organ failure. Additionally, we propose a potential synergism between influenza virus and SARS-CoV-2, which we termed “COVI-Flu.” Under our model, simultaneous infection with both viruses will cause a further increase in IL-6 production, which will yield more widespread systemic inflammation and injury than infection with either virus alone. Current-ly, there are no available safe and effective therapeutic interventions against SARS-CoV-2 or COVI-Flu. Based on the similarities between the disease mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2 and influenza virus, we proposed the idea of a combination therapy that can control the systemic inflammation induced by both viruses. One promising approach is a cellular therapy that has yielded promising preliminary efficacy in COVID-19 patients. Looking for-ward, we see combinational therapies being used that can better thwart the virus’s heterogeneity and mutational adaptations. In anticipation of the impending COVI-Flu pandemicBiography:Yan Leyfman has contributed to the development of sev-eral anti-cancer therapies that have recently entered clin-ical trials and his successes have been recognized by such prestigious organizations as the Barry M. Goldwater Re-search Foundation, Sigma Xi, New York Times, USA To-day, National Society of Collegiate Scholars, and Harvard Medical School. He has been recognized as one of the top medical student researchers in oncology nationally by the American Society of Hematology and American Society of Clinical Oncology and locally by the Pennsylvania Society of Oncology & Hematology and the American College of Physicians. During the COVID-19 pandemic, he was re-cruited to join the Global COVID-19 Taskforce to serve as a Special Advisor for Immunology, Oncology and Cellular Therapeutics and was made Director of the Immunology Group, which produced a cohesive mechanism of action for SARS-CoV-2, a new prognostic assay to predict patient outcomes, and the first synergistic paradigm between the flu and SARS-CoV-2, termed “COVI-Flu” along with therapeutic interventions for both. Within days of publi-cation ahead of print as the upcoming cover article in the journal, Shock, this manuscript received over 32 million views and was amongst the top five COVID-19 articles worldwide according to QxMD. Publication of speakers:1. de Brito, R. C., N. Lucena-Silva, L. C. Torres, C. F. Luna, J. B. Correia, and G. A. da Silva. 2016. The balance between the serum levels of IL-6 and IL-10 cytokines discriminates mild and severe acute pneu-monia. BMC Pulm Med 16: 170.Journal ofVaccines and VaccinationAbstractJ Vaccines and Vaccination 2020 Volume and Issue: S(3)