Cognitive Development Theory

Cognitive Development Theory Cognitive Development Theory - Start

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Cognitive Development Theory - Description

Sophie, Samira, Emma, Gabriella, . Kirsty. , . Fabiha. . Kohlberg’s stages of gender development. Children understand the concepts of male and female in three stages, the children have to develop the concepts in a set order:. ID: 582684 Download Presentation

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Cognitive Development Theory




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Presentations text content in Cognitive Development Theory

Slide1

Cognitive Development Theory

Sophie, Samira, Emma, Gabriella, Kirsty, Fabiha

Slide2

Kohlberg’s stages of gender development

Children understand the concepts of male and female in three stages, the children have to develop the concepts in a set order:1) Gender Identity (2-3): Child recognises that they’re male or female, but the knowledge is fragile. They don’t understand that boys grow into men and vice versa. 2) Gender Stability(3-7): The child realises people retain their gender over a lifetime, but rely on superficial signs to determine Gender, e.g. Hair length3) Gender Consistency (7-12): Child realises Gender is permanent, even if someone doesn’t conform to the stereotypical physical appearance (e.g. men with long hair). When they achieve Gender Consistency they value the behaviours and attitudes associated with their gender, and identify with adults who possess them.

The Theory

Slide3

The theory says that children's thinking about gender determines when and how they show gender role behaviour (due to their cognition).

Once children acquire Gender Consistency they collect information about their gender role. For example, imitating role models of the same sex and following gender appropriate activities.

This is called

self-socialisation

as it doesn’t depend on other people such as parents, but what the child thinks themselves.

Slide4

Martin and Little (1990)The 3-5 year olds studied had very little understanding of gender and yet still had strong gender stereotypes. They understood gender appropriate behaviour/ what girls and boys were “supposed” to do. This demonstrated that only basic gender understanding is needed to affect a child’s gender behaviour.

Research Evidence

Slide5

Slaby

and Frey’s (1975)

Children were tested

to

determine

if they had achieved gender identity by

being

asked

if they are a boy or a girl. They were shown

a

picture

of a boy/girl and were told to choose which

one

t

hey

were. Gender stability involved questioning

them

on

if they have and will always be a boy/girl. 3 year

olds

didn't

understand any of the concepts, 4 year

olds

understood

gender identity and by 5 years old,

children understood

all three concepts. The study found

that children

do go through the three

stages

Kolberg

set.

Slide6

Quiz

What are the three stages to Kohlberg’s theory of gender development?

What does the child recognise in the first stage of gender development?

Fill in the gaps for this sentence related to the first stage of gender development:

The

child may _______ realise that little boys grow into ______, and that little _________ grow up into women.

 

4. Give

an example of a superficial sign that children rely on in the second stage of their gender development, which they use to determine gender.

5. What

do children realise in the last stage of their gender development, even if the person’s physical appearance changes?

6. Who

do children identify with in the last stage of their gender development?

7. How

old are children in the last stage of their gender development?

8. Fill

in the gaps for this sentence related to gender development:

 

The theory says that children are _____________ ______________ in their own gender role _____________________ - this means that they’re thinking that their gender _______________ when and how they show gender ________ behaviour.

 

9. What

is it called when children have completed the three stages of gender development, and so they collect information about their gender role, imitate same sex models and follow gender appropriate activities?

Slide7

10. What age group did Martin and Little study?

11. What did Martin and Little find?

12. How did

Slaby

and Frey carry out their study?

13. What were the results of

Slaby

and Fry’s study

14. What did

Slaby

and Fry find out about 3, 4 and 5 years old?

Slide8

Quiz answers

Gender identity

Gender stability

Gender consistency

2. That

they are male or female

3. The

child may

not

realise that little boys grow into

men

, and that little

girls

grow up into women

4. Hair

length

5. That

gender is permanent

6. Adults

who possess the behaviours and attitudes associated with their gender

7. 7-12

years old

8. The

theory says that children are

active agents

in their own gender role

socialisation

- this means that they’re thinking that gender

determines

when and how they show gender

role

behaviour

9. Self-socialisation

Slide9

10. 3-5 years old

11. They

found that they had very basic understanding of gender yet they had strong gender stereotypes about what girls and boys were supposed to

do and had basic gender understanding is needed to affect the child’s gender behaviour.

12. They carried

out

a

study by observing and questioning children

by showing

a picture of a girl and a boy and asking “which one are you?” (measures gender identity) and asking “when you grow up will you be a mummy or a daddy?”

to measure consistency.

13

. they found that children do go though the three staged in the set order that Kohlberg said.

3 years olds didn’t understand any of the concepts.

4 years olds understood gender identity.

By 5 children understood all three concepts.


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