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Laboratory Safety Awareness Training
Presentation on theme: "Laboratory Safety Awareness Training"— Presentation transcript:
Laboratory Safety Awareness Training
Chemical Health & SafetyDivision of Environmental Health & SafetyUniversity of ConnecticutSlide2
Why does the University require this training?
To protect people- it’s a moral responsibilityTo comply with the law- government regulations
Good safety is good business
Safety is a catalyst for organizational excellence
To incorporate a culture of safety at the UniversitySlide3
Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA
) Purpose: To
assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance
OSHA is part of the
States Department of LaborSlide4
OSHA Laboratory Standard (29 CFR 1910.1450)
Addresses “Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories”Provides guidelines to ALL laboratory workers using hazardous chemicals in an “investigative” application
(29 CFR 1910, subpart Z)
Does not apply to laboratory uses of hazardous chemicals which provide no potential for employee exposure
Impregnated Test Media (e.g. dip-and-read tests)
Commercially prepared kits (e.g. pregnancy test kits)
OSHA Lab Standard-Chemical Hygiene Plan
List of the policies and standard operating procedures to ensure that employees are protected from harm due to chemicals in the workplace Includes training, personal protective equipment (PPE), housekeeping, laboratory inspections, chemical segregation, recordkeeping, etc.
Written, developed and implemented by
The University Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) is located at
OSHA Lab Standard-Chemical Hygiene Officer
Each lab shall designate its own Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO).The CHO is responsible for implementing the policies and procedures in the Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP).Ultimately EVERY LAB WORKER is responsible for
following the safe work practices in the CHP. Slide7
Chemical Inventory- a list of every chemical (including gas cylinders) present in a laboratoryRequired in all labs with hazardous chemicalsCan be an electronic or hard copy
Must contain at a minimum:
Name of the chemical
Location of the chemical in the lab
(e.g. left storage cabinet)
Approximate amount of the chemical (e.g. 5-gallons)
Document changes to inventory as neededSlide9
Safety Data Sheets
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)- a written or electronic document that contains details of the hazards associated with a chemical and gives information on its safe use Most important tool in hazard(s) identificationEmployers
must ensure that SDSs are readily accessible to
employees and students
Must be written in
EnglishRequired for EVERY chemical in the lab
Hard copy and/or
Link to an electronic formSlide10
Safety Data Sheets- Standard Format
Product identifier; manufacturer or distributor name, address, phone number; emergency phone number; recommended use; restrictions on use.
All hazards regarding the chemical; required label elements
Composition/ information on ingredients
Information on chemical ingredients; trade secret claims
Important symptoms/ effects, acute, delayed; required treatment
Suitable extinguishing techniques, equipment;
chemical hazards from fire
Accidental release measures
Emergency procedures; protective equipment; proper methods of containment and cleanup
Handling and storage
Lists precautions for safe handling and storage, including incompatibilities
Behavior changeBreathing difficultyChange in complexionCoughing
Irritation of eyes/nose/throat
Tightness of chest
Permanent Container Labels
Labels from suppliers are required to contain:Product identifierSupplier identification informationPrecautionary
more severe hazard Warning = less severe hazard
shall ensure that labels on incoming containers of hazardous chemicals are not removed or defaced.Slide25
Sample Chemical Label
PRODUCT IDENTIFIER CODE Product Name SUPPLIER IDENTIFICATION Company
StateCountry Postal CodeEmergency Phone Number PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS Keep container tightly closed.
Store in cool, well ventilated place that is locked.
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flame. No smoking.
Only use non-sparking tools.
Use explosion-proof electrical equipment.
Do not breathe vapors.
Wear Protective gloves.
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
Dispose of in accordance with local, regional, national, international regulations as specified
dry chemical (BC) or Carbon dioxide (CO2) fire extinguisher to extinguish.
exposed call Poison Center.
If on skin (on hair):
off immediately any contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water.HAZARD PICTOGRAMS
Highly flammable liquid and vapor.
May cause liver and kidney damage.
Directions for use:
Portable (Secondary) Container Labeling
The employer shall ensure that secondary containers (e.g., beakers, flasks, vials, etc.) have labels that contain:
Identity of the hazardous chemical(s)
hazard warningsEmployer shall also ensure that
that labels or other forms of warning are
Written in English
Prominently displayed on the
Chemical SegregationIncompatible chemicals must
not be stored together. Chemicals must be segregated into distinct groups based on their chemical properties:
be consulted for manufacturer storage and incompatibility guidelines.
Segregating chemicals by alphabetical order often times does not minimize hazards
Fume Hoods- Safe UseConduct all operations that may generate irritating and/or hazardous air contaminants inside a fume hood
Keep all apparatus and chemicals at least 6 inches back from the face of the hoodKeep the hood sash closed as much as possibleDo not store chemicals or apparatus in the hood
Do not use the hood to volatilize chemicals
Keep the slots in the hood baffles free of obstruction
Contact EHS (486-3613) if you suspect
hood is not working properlySlide29
Compressed Gases- Hazards
Compressed Gas- a gas which when packaged under pressure is entirely gaseous at -50 °C; including all gases with a critical temperature ≤ -50°C.
Potential energy of cylinder
Compatibility between valve
and regulator fittings
Compressed Gas Safety- Storage
Contents of the cylinder must be clearly markedStore all cylinders uprightSecure with a chain, strap or cable to a wall or lab bench that can support the weight of the cylinderA cylinder cap or regulator valve must always be in place Store in cool, well-ventilated areas (no cold rooms), free from sources of ignitionSeparate and secure full and empty cylindersSlide31
HousekeepingWork areas must be kept clean and free from obstruction.
Hands must be washed after every experiment, before touching any non-contaminated area or object and before leaving the laboratory area.Access to exits, emergency exits, aisles and controls must never be blocked.
Work areas must be cleaned at the end of the experiment and at the end of the day.
Food or drink is not allowed in active lab areas.Slide32
Hazardous Waste ManagementSlide33
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Purpose: To ensure all Americans are protected from significant risks to human health and the environment where they live, learn and work.Environmental
protection is an integral consideration in U.S. policies concerning natural resources, human health, economic growth, energy, transportation, agriculture, industry, and international
Hazardous WasteHazardous Waste-
a waste with properties that make it dangerous or potentially harmful to human health or the environment Includes materials that are:AbandonedUnknownInherently waste-like
EPA (40 CFR 262.11) requires that any person who produces or generates a waste must determine if that waste is hazardous (i.e.,
Contain the words “Hazardous Waste”List the specific name for each chemical in the container (NO SYMBOLS OR ABBREVIATIONS)Have a tight-fitting cap or lid. Waste containers must be closed (e.g. no funnels) when not actively adding waste.
Be stored with compatible chemicals
Be stored at or near a green “
Satellite Accumulation Area
Be stored in a secure locationStore liquid waste in secondary containment tubsSlide36
Satellite Accumulation Area SignSlide37
Broken Glass/Sharps Management
All broken glass must be disposed of in suitable glass waste receptacles in the labsSharps (e.g. syringes (with or without needles), hypodermic needles, scalpel blades, etc.) must be disposed of in approved sharps containers
Sharps containers are available through the Biological Health & Safety website. Slide38
Emergency Response (
e.g., Chemical Spills, Fires, Explosions, Gas Leaks, etc.)RELOCATE
- Relocate everyone in the immediate work area to a safe location
911. Follow the directions of the dispatcher. The person that dials 911
or other qualified individual must
meet UCFD upon arrival to provide further information about the emergency.
- If it can be done safely, close doors and/or windows to confine the area where the emergency occurred. Post a “
” sign on the door(s) to prevent reentry by other personnel
the building through the nearest exit. Do not run. Do not use elevators
to your designated meeting site.
once the lab has been cleared by emergency personnel. Slide40
First Aid- Eyes
Forcibly hold both eyes open under an emergency eyewash to ensure an effective wash behind both eyelids. If contact lenses are being worn, remove the contacts while flushing.Dial 911 or have someone else from the lab dial
as soon as possible.
Continue flushing the eyes underneath the eyewash until emergency personnel arrives.
If eyes are exposed to dust, metal, paint or wood chips, do not use an emergency eyewash. Cover or close eye(s) and contact emergency personnel for evaluation.
Report the injury to your principal investigator and/or laboratory/facility manager and EHS.Slide41
First Aid- Skin
Wash affected area(s) with tepid water from an emergency safety shower. Take care not to break skin.Remove contaminated clothing while rinsing. Dial
or have someone else from the lab dial
as soon as
possible. Keep flushing until emergency personnel arrives.For chemical and thermal burns, flush with cold water, if indicated in SDSFor biological, blood or radiological exposure, use soap & lukewarm
Report the injury to your supervisorSlide42
First Aid- InhalationSymptoms
Skin that has become dried, reddened, and itchy or exhibits a rash Tearing or burning of the eyes Burning sensations of the skin, nose or throat. Headache, dizziness, cough
Move to fresh air
Get immediate help (
Report the injury to your principal investigator and/or laboratory/facility manager and EHS.Slide43
Chemical Health & SafetyDenis Shannon- 486-3115- email@example.com Brent Lewchik- 486-4927-
Shanelle Deveaux – 486-2691-
Environmental Health & Safety
Laboratory Safety Awareness Training - Description
Chemical Health amp Safety Division of Environmental Health amp Safety University of Connecticut Why does the University require this training To protect people its a moral responsibility ID: 739107 Download Presentation
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