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“The Pilgrimage”
“The Pilgrimage”

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“The Pilgrimage” by Benet Davetian

Somali Civil War Slide2

Background to the Somali Civil War


had been without a stable central government since dictator Mohamed

Siad Barre fled the country in 1991.Somalia disintegrated into a number of poorly defined tribal territories, most of which had little capacity to provide minimum services to its constituenciesSlide3

Clan Division and BattleThe period 1991-1992 was marked by the most intense conflict, when the different clan factions fought for control of land and resources in southern Somalia.


resulted in the devastation of the inter-riverine areas, consequently causing famine and the disruption of farming and

livestock production.Slide4

Refugees (the lucky ones)Increasing numbers of refugees left the country for neighboring Kenya and Ethiopia at that time: the number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) increased dramatically


United Nations ReliefThe period 1992-1995 was centered on



Fighting among rival faction leaders in the south resulted in the killing, dislocation, and starvation of thousands of Somalis, and led the United Nations to intervene militarily. In 1992, responding to the political chaos and humanitarian disaster in Somalia, the United States and allied nations launched peacekeeping operations to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to the Somali people.


March 1993, the potential for mass starvation in Somalia had been overcome, but the security situation remained fragile.Slide6

From Somalia to MeccaSlide7

Student Assignment for “Pilgrimage”1.

Write a

reflective response to this story using additional information you’ve learned about Somalia, civil war, refugees, or other related topics. A “reflective response” is a paragraph (or 2, maximum) that is based mostly on your own personal thoughts and feelings towards a topic.2. Choose a quote listed


, and in 50 words, describe the significance of the quote.

“The important thing was to keep talking to him, to keep him in touch with human sound”



“The corpses just seemed to be there,


if a natural part of the new African landscape. In one place was an entire family that had sat down to rest, and never stood up again”



“[Ibrahim’s] eyes touched one of the observers to the quick and the observer turned away feeling deeply ashamed



“It was if death had come and sat on Mohammed’s land and was mercifully waiting for him to be as weak as possible so that the final parting would be painless



“The earth was mortally wounded,


open, begging for moisture, no longer able to serve the men who had once kept it alive… [the] hundreds of thousands of hours of backbreaking work… and how it had all ended so abruptly”



By: sherrill-nordquist
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Type: Public

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“The Pilgrimage” - Description

by Benet Davetian Somali Civil War Background to the Somali Civil War Somalia had been without a stable central government since dictator Mohamed Siad Barre fled the country in 1991 Somalia disintegrated into a number of poorly defined tribal ID: 618645 Download Presentation

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