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BENCHMARK I REVIEW MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY BENCHMARK I REVIEW MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

BENCHMARK I REVIEW MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY - PowerPoint Presentation

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BENCHMARK I REVIEW MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY - PPT Presentation

amp MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS WORD PARTS Algia pain painful condition dys bad difficult or painful ectomy surgical removal cutting out excision Hyper excessive increased Hypo deficient decreased ID: 626777

system medical abnormal amp medical system amp abnormal word blood surgical eye condition parts terms gland nervous pertaining lymph

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Slide1

BENCHMARK IREVIEWMEDICAL TERMINOLOGY & MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONSSlide2

WORD PARTS-Algia: pain, painful conditiondys- bad , difficult or painful-ectomy: surgical removal, cutting out, excisionHyper- excessive, increasedHypo- deficient, decreased-itis: Inflammation

-osis: abnormal condition, diseaseSlide3

Word Parts-ostomy: surgically creating an opening-plasty: development, growth, formationrrhage/rrhagia: bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge

-rrhaphy: surgical suturing-rrhea: flow or discharge

-rrhexis: rupture

-sclerosis: abnormal hardeningSlide4

Word Parts-malacia: abnormal softening-megaly: enlargement-stenosis: abnormal narrowing-gram: picture or record-scopy: visual examination-centesis: surgical removal of excess fluidSlide5

Words Parts-al: pertaining to my/o: musclenat: birthpost: afterab- away from

dys: bad, difficultinter: between or among

sub: under, less, or belowSlide6

Word Partsad: toward or in the direction ofintra: within or insidesuper/supra: above or excessiveMacro- largeMicro- smallSlide7

Word Roots/Combining FormsCyan/o: BlueErythr/o: RedLeuk/o: WhitePoli/o: GraySlide8

Word Roots in Health & Diseaseaden/o: glandadip/o: fatanter/o: before, frontcaud/o: lower part of body, tailcyt/o: cellendo: in, within, inside

exo: out of, outside, away fromSlide9

Word Parts in Health & Diseasehist/o: tissue-ologist: specialist-ology: the science or study of path/o: disease, suffering, feeling, emotion-plasia: development, growth, formationposter/o: behind toward back-stasis: control, maintenance of a constant leve

lSlide10

Skeletal System Medical Termsankyl/o: crooked, bent, stiffarthr/o: jointchrondr/o: cartilage cost/o: ribs

crani/o: skull-desis: surgical fixation of a bone or joint

k

yph/o: bent, hump

l

ord/o: curve, swayback bent

-

pedia

: pertaining to the footSlide11

Skeletal System Medical Terms-lysis: break down, separation, setting free, destruction or looseningmyel/o: spinal cord or bone marrowoss/e, oss/i, ost/o, oste/o: bonesscoli/o: curved, bent

spondyl/o: vertebrae

s

ynovi/o/ synov/o: synovial fluid or membrane

-um: endingSlide12

Muscular System Medical Termsbi- twice, double-cele: hernia, tumor, swelling dys: bad, difficult or painful fasci/o: fascia, fibrous band fibr/o: fiber

-ia: abnormal condition

-ic: pertaining to Slide13

Muscular System Medical Termskines/o/kinesi/o: movement my/o: muscle-plegia: paralysis, stroketax/o: coordination, orderten/o, tend/o, tendin/o: tendon

ton/o: tension, tone, stretching

tri- threeSlide14

Circulatory System Medical Termsangi/o: blood or lymph vesselaort

/o: aorta

a

rteri

/o: artery

a

ther

/o: plaque, fatty substance

b

rady

/o: slow

c

ardi

/o: heart

-

crasia

: a mixture of blending

-

emia

: blood, blood conditionSlide15

Circulatory System Medical Termshem/o, hemat/o: blood, relating to bloodp

hleb/o: vein

t

achy- fast

t

hromb

/o: clot

v

en

/o: veinSlide16

Immune System Medical Termsanti- against carcin/o: cancerousimmun/o: immune, protection, safelymph/o: lymph, lymphatic tissue l

ymphaden/o: lymph gland

l

ymphangi/o: lymph vessel

neo/o, ne/o: new, strange

-oma: tumor, neoplasm

p

hag/o: eat, swallowSlide17

Immune System Medical Termsphag/o: eat, swallow-plasm: formative material of cellssarc

/o: flesh, connective tissue s

plen

/o: spleen

-tic: pertaining to

t

ox

/o: poison, poisonousSlide18

Respiratory System Medical Termsbronch/o, bronchi/o: bronchial tube, bronchus laryng/o: larynx, throato

x/i, ox/o, ox/y: oxygen

p

haryng/o: throat, pharynx

p

hon/o: sound, voice

p

leur/o: pleura, side of body

-pnea: breathing

p

neum/o, pneumon/o, pneu- lung, airSlide19

Respiratory System Medical Termspulm/o, pulmon/o: lungssomn/o: sleepspir/o: to breathe

t

achy- fast

t

horac/o, -thorax:

t

rache/o: trachea, windpipeSlide20

Digestive System Medical Termsan/o: anuschol/e: bile, gallcholescyst/o: gallbladdercol/o, colon/o: colon, large intestine

-emesis: vomiting e

nter/o: small intestine

e

sphag/o: esophagus

g

astr/o: stomach, bellySlide21

Digestive System Medical Termshepat/o: liver-lithiasis: presence of stones-pepsia: digest, digestion-phagia: speak or speechproct/o: anus, rectum

r

ect/o: rectum, straight

s

igmoid/o: sigmoid colon

o

r/o, stomat/o: mouth

p

ancreat/o: pancreasSlide22

Urinary System Medical Terms-cele: hernia, tumor, swellingcyst/o: urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluiddia- through, between, apart, complete-ectasis: stretching dilation, enlargementglomerul/o: glomerulus l

ith/o: stone, calculus

n

ephphr/o: kidneySlide23

Urinary System Medical Terms-pexy: surgical fixationpyel/o: renal pelvis, bowl of kidney -tripsy: to crushur/o: urine, urinary tractureter/o: ureter

u

rethr/o: urethra

-uria: urine, urination

p

rostat/o: prostateSlide24

Nervous System Medical Termscaus/o: burn, burningconcuss/o: shaken together, violently aggitatedcontus/o: bruisee

ncephal/o: brain-esthesia: sensation, feeling

e

sthet/o: feeling, nervous sensation, sense of perception

-graphy: process of producing a picture or record

k

lept/o: to stealSlide25

Nervous System Medical Terms-mania: obsessive occupationmening/o: meningesmyel/o: spinal cordneur/i, neur/o: nerves

-phobia: abnormal fearp

sych/o: mind

-tropic: having an affinity for Slide26

Special Senses Medical Termsblephar/o: eyelid -cusis: hearingirid/o: iris, colored part of the eye

kerat/o: horny, hard, cornea

m

yring/o: tympanic membrane, ear drum

o

pthalm/o: eye, vision

-opia: vision conditionSlide27

Special Sense Medical Termsopt/o: eye, visionot/o: ear, hearingphak/o: lens of eyep

resby/o: old ageretin/o: retina, net

s

cler/o: sclera, white of the eye, hard

t

rop/o: turn, change

t

ymapn/o: tympanic membrane, ear drumSlide28

Integumentary System Medical Termsbi/o: lifederm/o, dermat/o: skin

hidr/o: sweat

h

irsut/o: hairy, rough

k

erat/o: horny, hard

l

ip/o: fat

melan/o: black, darkSlide29

Integumentary System Medical Termsmyc/o: fungusonych/o: fingernail or toenailpedicul/o: louse, lice

rhytid/o: wrinkle

s

eb/o: sebum

u

rtic/o: rash, hives

x

er/o: drySlide30

Endocrine System Medical Termsacr/o: extermities (hands & feet)adren/o: adrenal glandsc

rin/o: secrete-dipsia: thrist

g

lyc/o: glucose, sugar

g

onad/o: sex glands, gonad

-ism: condition, state ofSlide31

Endocrine System Medical Termspancreat/o: pancreasparathyroid/o: parathyroid glandspineal/o: pineal gland

pituitar/o: pituitary gland

poly- many

s

omat/o: body

t

hym/o: thymus gland, soul

t

hyr/o, thyroid/o: thyroid glandSlide32

Reproductive System Medical Termscervic/o: cervixcolp/o: vagina-gravida: pregnant

gynec/o: woman, female

h

yster/o: uterus

m

ast/o: breast

m

en/o: menses, menstruation,

n

ulli- noneSlide33

Reproductive System Medical Termsov/o: egg, ovumovari/o, oophor/o: ovary-para: to give birth

-pexy: surgical fixations

alping/o: fallopian tube

t

est/i, test/o: testis, testicle

v

agin/o: vagina Slide34

Medical AbbreviationsBP- Blood pressureDM- diabetes mellitusCHF- congestive heart failureCNS- central nervous systemCC- chief complaintDNR- do not resuscitate

DVT- deep vein thrombosisFBS- fasting blood sugar

f/u- follow up

GTT- glucose tolerance testSlide35

Medical AbbreviationsNKDA- no known drug allergieshx- historyNPO: nothing by mouthROM: range of motionsx: symptoms

SOB: shortness of breath

UA: urinalysis

URI: upper respiratory infection

OD- right eye & OS- left eye

OU- Both eyesSlide36

Medical AbbreviationsEKG/ECG- electrocardiogramCOPD- chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseIUD- intra uterine devicea.c.- before mealsbid- twice a day

tid- three times a day

q

id- four times a day

s

ig- directions

q

ns- quantity not sufficentSlide37

Medical AbbreviationsD & C- dilation & curettagePKU- phenylketonuriaKUB- kidneys, ureters, bladderpo- by mouthq- everyp

.c.- after meals

p

rn- as needed

EEG- electroencephalogram

I & D- incision & drainageSlide38

Medical AbbreviationsRx- take thouTPR- temperature, pulse, respirationsROS- review of systemshs- at bedtime, hour of sleepROM- range of motionq

od- every other dayLMP- last menstrual period

a

d lib- as desired