The Synoptic Problem - PowerPoint Presentation

The Synoptic Problem
The Synoptic Problem

The Synoptic Problem - Description


and the binary time series 1 The synoptic problem is concerned with hypotheses about the relationships between the synoptic gospels of Mark Mk Matthew Mt and Luke Lk The twosource ID: 510087 Download Presentation

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luke mark source matthew mark luke matthew source word time series text hypothesis writing complete unchanged farmer agreement verbatim

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Slide1

The Synoptic Problem

and the binary time series

1Slide2

The

synoptic problem is concerned with hypotheses about the relationships between the synoptic gospels of Mark (Mk), Matthew (Mt) and Luke (

Lk

).The two-source or two-document hypothesis: Matthew and Luke had two sources in common, Mark and a hypothetical “Q”, both of which Matthew and Luke used independently of each other.The assumption of Markan priority: the gospel of Mark was the first to be written. The authors of the gospels of Matthew and Luke used the text of Mark as a basis for their own gospels, but making alterations, omissions and additions.The assumption of Markan priority, which we make here, is implicit in the two source hypothesis, but does not imply it.

2Slide3

3

The two-source hypothesis

Mt

Lk

Mk

Q

Q is the hypothetical source that accounts for the large quantity of Mt-

Lk

double tradition material that is absent from Mk.Slide4

4

The Farrer theory

Mk

Mt

LkSlide5

5

The three-

source

theoryMtLk

Mk

QSlide6

6

The Mark-Luke model

Mk

Lk

MtSlide7

7

––––

Complete verbatim agreement

between Mt, Mk and Lk––––Complete verbatim agreementbetween Mt and Mk––––Complete verbatim agreementbetween Mk and Lk

Farmer, W. R. (1969)

Synopticon

.

Cambridge University PressSlide8

The question of independence

In the standard form of the two-source hypothesis, it is assumed that Matthew and Luke were independent in their use of Mark, in the sense of not collaborating or neither having the other as a source.

Although this might suggest that they were statistically independent in the choice of the words that they retained unchanged from Mark, this is not necessarily the case. We might expect the criteria that Matthew and Luke used in choosing whether to retain, alter or omit words from Mark to have some similarities. The result would be that there would be some departures from statistical independence.

However, departures from independence are more easily explained if we assume either (i) that Luke used Matthew as well as Mark or (ii) that Matthew used Luke as well as Mark.8Slide9

Construct a word by word transcription of Farmer's

colour-coded Greek text of Mark into a

bivariate

binary time series of length 11078, which is the number of words in the text that was used by Farmer. Verbal agreements are coded 1 and non-agreements 0.The subscript t of the time series refers to the position of the word in the text of Mark.The first component Xt of the bivariate time series is constructed by writing 1 if the word in position

t

is present unchanged in Matthew and 0 otherwise. The second component

Y

t

is constructed by writing 1 if the word is present unchanged in Luke and 0 otherwise.

A covariate binary time series

Z

t is constructed by writing 1 if the word is part of the direct speech of Jesus or John or the divine voice and 0 otherwise.

9Slide10

chapter

verse

word

t

X

t

Y

t

Z

t

1

41

10

629

0

0

0

1

41

11

630

1

1

1

1

41

12

631

1

1

1

1

42

1

632

1

1

0

1

42

2

633

0

0

0

1

42

3

634

0

1

014246350101425636110142663711014276381101428639000142964010014316410001432642000

10

Shom More....
By: stefany-barnette
Views: 98
Type: Public

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