Elements of a crime Mens PowerPoint Presentation

Elements of a crime Mens PowerPoint Presentation

2018-03-21 29K 29 0 0

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Rea. Mens. Rea- the crimes mental elements of the defendants intent (Mental Fault). The criminal act must be voluntary or purposeful. (Mental Fault)/the defendants state of mind at the time of the offense.. ID: 659492

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Presentations text content in Elements of a crime Mens

Slide1

Elements of a crime

Slide2

Mens Rea

Mens

Rea- the crimes mental elements of the defendants intent (Mental Fault)

The criminal act must be voluntary or purposeful

(Mental Fault)/the defendants state of mind at the time of the offense.

Comes from the ancient saying of “ the act is not guilty unless the mind is guilty

Slide3

Mens Rea cont.

Mens

Rea varies depending on offense

For murder, the mental element requires the defendant acted with “malice aforethought” (premeditation)

Slide4

Actus Reus

Actus

Reus- a criminal act or an unlawful omission of an act must have occurred

Though you cannot be punished for thinking criminal thoughts, can you be punished for acting on those thoughts.

Words can be considered acts in criminal law

Examples of this are: Threats, perjury, conspiracy, and solicitation

Slide5

Concurance

-

Mens

Rea and

Actus

Reus must occur at the same time

Criminal intent must precede or coexist with the criminal act/ activate the act.

Mens

Rea may not be present until the crime is committed.

There must be voluntary action or a failure to act when physical able

Slide6

Causation

Causation- an element that actual harm must occur

Example- Homicide requires the act of killing, aggravated battery requires serious bodily injury.

Causation is very complex to prove

Slide7

Principal

Principal- Any actor who is primarily responsible for a criminal offense

Slide8

Accomplice/ Accessory

Accomplice- a person who actively participates in the commission of a crime, even if they take no part in the actual criminal offence

Examples- lookout/getaway driver

Accessory- a person who assists in the commission of a crime, but who does not actually participate in the commission of the crimes.

Accessory after

the fact-

persons

who provide criminals with certain aid in order to hinder a criminal's apprehension or prosecution

Slide9

Legal Ramifications for accomplices and accessories

(a) Whoever aids, abets, counsels, commands, induces or procures the commission of an offense, is punishable as a principal.

(b) Whoever willfully causes an act to be done which if directly performed by him or another would be an offense, is punishable as a principal.

Slide10

Accessories after the fact

Federal law

treats accessories after the fact differently from principals

.

Accessories

after the fact face a maximum of only half the fine and half the prison time that principals face.

(

If the principal faces the death penalty or life imprisonment, accessories after the fact face up to 15 years' imprisonment.)

Slide11

Accessories before the fact

Accessory before the fact-A

person who aids, abets, or encourages another to commit a crime but who is not present at the scene.

Many jurisdictions refer to an accessory before the fact as an accomplice

Slide12

Proving guilt

You need the following:

Proof beyond reasonable doubt

Credible evidence to support defenses

Defendants affirmative defenses; prove by preponderance of evidence

Slide13

Intent- Purpose or intention

Concurrence- the apparent need to prove the simultaneous occurrence of both

actus

reus

("guilty action") and

mens

rea ("guilty mind"), to constitute a

crime

Causation-The act of causing or producing

something

Slide14

Slide15


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