Understanding Biomes Bryn Zipp

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Honors Biology. Mrs. Gottshall. What is a Biome?. An ecosystem of specific plants and animals.. The plants and animals exist there due to the favorable climate/conditions.. Classified in broad terms and listed as five biomes.. ID: 652234 Download Presentation

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Understanding Biomes Bryn Zipp




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Slide1

Understanding Biomes

Bryn Zipp

Honors Biology

Mrs. Gottshall

Slide2

What is a Biome?

An ecosystem of specific plants and animals.

The plants and animals exist there due to the favorable climate/conditions.

Classified in broad terms and listed as five biomes.

Slide3

Five Biomes

Aquatic biome

Desert biome

Forest biome

Grassland biome

Tundra biome

Slide4

Aquatic Biome

Water makes up 75 percent of the earth.

Two regions :

Freshwater and

Marine biomes

Slide5

Freshwater Regions

Ponds and lakes

Streams and rivers

Wetlands

Slide6

Differences in types of Freshwater R

egions

Water temperature

Water in motion

Depth of water

And salt concentration

Slide7

Freshwater Species

Plants

Algae

Aquatic plants

Hydrophytes

Pond lilies

Cattails

Cypress

Animals

Floating snails

Clams

Amphibians

Insects

Fish

Snakes

Ducks

Slide8

Marine Regions

Oceans

Coral reefs

Estuaries

Slide9

Differences in types of Marine Regions

Water temperature

Water depths

Salt concentrations

Slide10

Marine Species

Plants

Seaweed

Algae

Marsh grasses

Animals

Snails and crabs

Many Fish species

Sponges and starfish

Oysters and worms

Mammals – whales and dolphin

Slide11

Desert Biome

Types

Hot and dry

Semiarid

Coastal

Cold

Slide12

Hot and Dry Desert

Climate

A

verage temperature is 120 degrees

Can be rainless for up to a year

Plants and Animals

Ground shrubs, short trees, like cacti, yuccas, and prickly pears

Burrowers, reptiles, birds, and insects

Slide13

Semiarid Desert

Climate

Temperatures range from 100 degrees during the day and 50 degrees at night

Receives 2 inches of rainfall a year

Plants and Animals

Plants such as cat claw, brittle bushes, and jujube

Jack rabbits, skunks, grasshoppers, lizards, and burrowing owls

Slide14

Coastal Desert

Climate

T

emperatures can range from 66 F in the Summer and 41 F or below in the Winter

Average rainfall around 4 inches a year

Plants and Animals

Plants such as salt bush, rice grass, and sage

T

oads, coyotes, badgers, great horned owls, and eagles

Slide15

Cold Deserts

Climate

Average Summer temperatures 73 degrees F and Winter is 32 degrees F

Heavy rain in the Spring months

Plants and Animals

Plants are everywhere and cover 10 to 85 % of the ground

Kangaroo, antelope, kit fox, and coyotes

Slide16

Forest Biome

Tropical

Temperate

Boreal

Slide17

Tropical Forest

Climate

Average temperature is 77 degrees through all seasons

Annual rainfall exceeds 78 inches

Plants and Animals

Mostly all evergreen trees, orchids, vines, ferns, mosses, and palm trees

Small mammals, bats, and insects

Slide18

Temperate Forest

Climate

Temperature ranges from negative 22 to 86 degrees

A distinct winter and half the year experiences frost

Plants and Animals

Oak, Hickory, Maple, Elm, and Willow trees

Squirrels, rabbits, deer, mountain lions, bobcats, and even black bear

Slide19

Boreal Forest

Climate

Seasons are a short warm summer and cold long winte

r

Most precipitation is mostly snowfall, up to 40 inches a year

Plants and Animals

Pine, Fur, and Spruce trees

Woodpeckers, hawks, moose, bear, weasels, and chipmunks

Slide20

Grassland Biomes

Savanna-

Temperate-

Slide21

Savanna Grassland

Climate

It is always hot and the rainfall is approximately 50 inches a year

Rain only occurs 6 to 8 months a year, other months are very dry

Plants and Animals

Most vegetation is big leafed plants and variety of shrubs

Giraffe, buffalo, kangaroo, moles, and snakes

Slide22

Temperate Grassland

Climate

Summer temperatures around 100 degrees F to -40 degrees F

Rainfall is less than 20 inches a year

Plants and Animals

Covered with grasses, sunflowers, and clovers

Gazelles, zebras, horses, lions, prairie dogs, and rhinoceroses

Slide23

Tundra Biome

Arctic-

Alpine-

Slide24

Arctic Tundra

Climate

Precipitation including melting snow is around 10 inches a year

Found near the North Pole, making it very cold

Plants and Animals

Short seasons of growth for plants

Animals have adapted such as: polar bears, arctic foxes, arctic hares, and many types of fish

Slide25

Alpine Tundra

Climate

Temperatures stay below freezing

Approximately 180 days of the growing season

Plants and Animals

Tussock grasses, and small trees

Marmots, mountain goats, sheep, elk, and grouse like birds

Slide26

More About Biomes

Biomes can move as the environment changes.

If the species cannot adapt they become extinct and new forms grow and flourish.

The biomes are continuously harmed by oil spills, chemical waste pollution, forest fires, removal of trees for lumber, and damaging the ozone layer.


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