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Ancient Egypt A fertile  valley civilization Ancient Egypt A fertile  valley civilization

Ancient Egypt A fertile valley civilization - PowerPoint Presentation

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Uploaded On 2018-03-19

Ancient Egypt A fertile valley civilization - PPT Presentation

Vocabulary Dynasty a family that hands down power from one generation to the next Mummification a ritual where all internal organs are removed from the body which is dried in salt and wrapped in cloth ID: 657237

nile egypt hierarchy high egypt nile high hierarchy social class pharaoh power nobles war peasants river society scribes privileged

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Presentation Transcript

Slide1

Ancient Egypt

A fertile valley civilizationSlide2

Vocabulary

Dynasty

: a family that hands down power from one generation to the next

Mummification

: a ritual where all internal organs are removed from the body, which is dried in salt and wrapped in cloth

Sarcophagus

: a lavish coffin

Hieroglyphics

: pictorial script composed of hundreds of signs that represent objects, ideas and sounds

Papyrus

: a plant early paper was created fromSlide3

The Nile: a sacred riverSlide4

The Nile

Without the Nile all of Egypt would be a desert and it’s soil infertile

Thus Egyptians believed the Nile to be the source of life and revered it above all things

With a dessert on either side of the Nile and cataracts in the river, ancient Egypt had natural defences that allowed their culture to flourishSlide5

Power and Social Hierarchy

Over a period of 25 centuries the pharaohs ruled Egypt

There were over 30 different dynastiesSlide6

Creation myth

https://

www.youtube.com/watch?v=uTy49JlgJZEn

Slide7

Social Hierarchy: the Elite

The pharaoh and the vizier

The pharaoh is on the top of the social hierarchy

He was king and high priest of Egypt

He was considered the son of the sun God

The pharaoh was responsible for many parts of society: irrigation, agriculture, trade , temples, religion, justice, public works and leader of the army

He gave some of this power to the Vizier who aided him in his workSlide8

Elite cont’d: Nobles

Lords, High Officials and Priests made up the class of Nobles and the privileged

They were very wealthy and influential

During time of war or crisis high ranking military officials were included in this classSlide9

Middle Class: Scribes , Artisans and Merchants

Scribes held a privileged place in society

Because they were so necessary to the nobles that they lived in the royal palace or temple

They did not have to partake in manual labour

They kept records, transcribed laws, and composed hymns

Artisans could live well as they made jeweller, furniture and clothes sought after by the rich

Merchants sold artisan products and gave them a certain status as wellSlide10

Peasants

Most Egyptians were peasants

Even though they were very important to running Egypt they lived in very poor conditions

They paid high taxes and had to do chores such as the maintenance of irrigation channels and working in the fieldsSlide11

Slaves

Slaves were the bottom of the social hierarchy

most were prisoners of war

Some toiled in mines while others worked in households