The Green Movement PowerPoint Presentation

The Green Movement PowerPoint Presentation

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Protest of 2009 Election. Movement for political liberalization. Former President . Khatami (progressive) gave a green sash to Mir . Hossein. . Mousavi. .. Media in Iran. Overview. Freedoms fluctuate depending on leader and circumstance. ID: 356923

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Slide1

The Green Movement

Protest of 2009 ElectionMovement for political liberalization

Former President Khatami (progressive) gave a green sash to Mir Hossein Mousavi.

Slide2

Media in Iran

Overview

Freedoms fluctuate depending on leader and circumstance

Iranian Constitution and the Media

Unlawful to express views that are “detrimental to the fundamental principles of Islam or the rights of the public.”

Newspapers

Connected to parties or individuals

Monitored by government

Subject to censorship

Slide3

Media in Iran

Broadcasting

No private broadcasting

State controls TV and radio

News Agencies

Directly or indirectly controlled by government

Since 2009

Mass arrest of domestic journalists

Temporary expulsion of foreign journalists

Slide4

Open Net Initiative

http://map.opennet.net/filtering-pol.html

Slide5

Slide6

Religion In Iran

Shiism

is the official state religion.

Constitution “protects” certain religious minorities:

Zoroastrians, Christians, Jews

Religious Demographics

Shia Muslim: 89%

Sunni Muslim: 9%

Other religions: 2%

Slide7

Religious Restrictions

Apostasy: Punishable by death

Non-Muslims cannot engage in public religious acts.

Non-Muslim activity closely monitored, including private religious schools.

Non-Muslims: can only serve in lower ranks of government.

Non-Muslims can only serve in one of four minority

Majles

seats.

Judaism suffers official discrimination.

Ahmadinejad: outspokenly anti-Semitic

Slide8

Examples of Religious Persecution

Iranian Shiite Ayatollah

Seyed

Hossein

Kazemeini

Boroujerdi

, along with 17 of his followers, have been imprisoned for espousing religious views that are incongruent with the official religious views of the government since 2006. He is serving an 11-year prison term and is reportedly in poor health

.

In May 2010 most of the 20 Sufi practitioners arrested in July 2009 in the northeastern city of

Gonabad

received sentences of flogging or imprisonment. They were among more than 200 Sufi dervishes who gathered to protest the arrest of

Hossein

Zareya

, a local leader

.

In November 2008 Amir Ali Mohammad

Labaf

of the

Gonabadi

Sufi order was sentenced to 74 lashes, five years in prison, and internal exile to the town of

Babak

for "spreading lies

.“

In February 2009 authorities razed the house of worship of

Gonabadi

dervishes at

Takht

-e-

Foulad

, in Isfahan, with bulldozers. All Sufis present were arrested and had their mobile phones confiscated. Sufi books and publications were destroyed.

Taken From: http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2010_5/168264.htm

Slide9

Examples of Religious Persecution

Christians, particularly evangelicals, continued to be subject to harassment and close surveillance. During the reporting period, the government enforced its prohibition on proselytizing by closely monitoring the activities of evangelical Christians, discouraging Muslims from entering church premises, closing churches, and arresting Christian converts. Members of evangelical congregations were required to carry membership cards, photocopies of which must be provided to the authorities. Worshippers were subject to identity checks by authorities posted outside congregation centers. The government restricted meetings for evangelical services to Sundays, and church officials were ordered to inform the Ministry of Information and Islamic Guidance before admitting new members.

On November 13 following his October 2009 arrest,

Youcef

Nadarkhani

, a pastor of a house church in

Gilan

, reportedly received a death sentence for apostasy and evangelism

.

Taken From: http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2010_5/168264.htm

Slide10

Importance of Qom

Religious center of Iran

City of seminaries and religious scholarsPragmatist clericsDisagree with velayat-e-faqihGreater church/state separationFormer President KhatamiConservative clericsOppose pragmatists

Slide11

Iranian Social Culture

Pragmatists/Progressives v. Conservatives

Slide12

http://

www.prb.org/pdf/IransFamPlanProg_Eng.pdf

Slide13

 

 

 

GDP per capita

GDP by sector

Life Expectancy

Infant Mortality

Literacy Rate

HDI Value & Rank

Freedom House Score

Corruption Index & Rank

Failed State Index & Rank

Agriculture

Industry

Service

Male

Female

Political

Rights

Civil

Liberties

United States

48,100

1.2

19.2

79.6

78.5

5.98

99

99

.910

4

th

 

1

1

7.1

24

th

34.8

159

th

 

United Kingdom

36,600

.7

21.4

77.8

80.17

4.56

99

99

.863

28

th

 

1

1

7.8

16

th

 

35.3

158

th

 

Russia

17,000

4.5

36.9

58.6

66.46

9.88

99

99

.755

66

th

 

6

5

2.4

143

rd

 

77.1

83

rd

 

China

8,500

10

46.8

43.1

74.84

15.62

96

88

.687

101

st

 

7

6

3.6

75

th

78.3

76

th

 

Mexico

14,800

3.8

34.2

62

76.66

16.77

86

85

.77

57

th

 

3

3

3.0

100

th

 

73.6

98

th

 

Nigeria

2,600

35.4

33.6

31

52.05

74.36

72

50

.459

156

th

 

4

4

2.4

143

rd

 

101.1

14

th

 

Iran

13,200

10.4

37.7

51.8

70.35

41.11

84

70

.707

88

th

 

6

6

2.7

120

th

89.6

34

th

 

Slide14

Iranian Economy

Rentier

State

Revenue from Oil Exports

60-80% of government revenue

Shah Reza Pahlavi

1960-1977: GNP average=9.6% annually

One of the fastest developing countries

Huge economic disparity between rich and poor/urban and rural

Slide15

Kesselman, Krieger, and Joseph. Introduction to Comparative Politics. 5th ed. (Wadsworth, Canada), 2010.

Slide16

After the Revolution of 1979

Many

entrepreneurs

fled.

Bonyads

Government seized assets/property of Shah and his supporters.

Turned into a form of government-sponsored charity run by clerics

(patronage).

State

controls approx. 80% of Iranian economy

Widespread corruption and mismanagement.

Smallest

private sector of any country we studied.

Heavy

government regulation of private industry.

Slide17

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.htmlhttp://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?v=71&c=ir&l=enhttp://www.imra.org.il/story.php3?id=56390

March 2012

Inflation=21.5%

2011

Unemployment=15.3%

Slide18

Factors Causing the Struggling Economy

1979 Revolution drove out entrepreneurs

Iran-Iraq War

Mismanagement and corruption

U.S., EU, and UN sanctions (nuclear ambitions)

Overreliance on oil

“Brain Drain”

Costly government subsidy programs

Slide19

Government Subsidy Program

Prices for energy and everyday goods kept artificially low.Poor benefitted little from energy subsidy.

Slide20

Targeted Subsidies Reform Act, 2010

Reduce or remove subsidies

Poor receive a direct cash payment.

RESULT

INFLATION: Everything costs more

International Sanctions make inflation worse

March

2012:

Inflation=21.5

%

March 2013: Inflation=28.7%

Slide21

Iran’s Nuclear Ambitions

Nov 2011 IAEA Report

Suggested that Iran conducted tests “relevant to the development of a nuclear explosive devise”

Iranian Response

Only seeking nuclear energy; not weapon

UN, EU, and US responded with tougher sanctions.

Trade embargo on nuclear technology and equipment.

Restrict activities of Iranian banks.

Oil embargo against Iran.

Iran threatened to block Strait of Hormuz

Slide22

Strait of Hormuz

Slide23

Slide24

Slide25

Slide26

Slide27

Slide28

Slide29

Slide30


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