Islamic Architecture  Local cultures will have their own impact on architecture as Islam spreads bu

Islamic Architecture Local cultures will have their own impact on architecture as Islam spreads bu - Description

H. orseshoe Arch. Origin unknown . Some say Umayyad, others say Visigoth (Spain), and still others say Byzantine or Sassanid. Compare to this Roman Arch. Pointed Arch. First used by Byzantines it will become the characteristic arch of Islamic Architecture. ID: 753967 Download Presentation

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Islamic Architecture Local cultures will have their own impact on architecture as Islam spreads bu

H. orseshoe Arch. Origin unknown . Some say Umayyad, others say Visigoth (Spain), and still others say Byzantine or Sassanid. Compare to this Roman Arch. Pointed Arch. First used by Byzantines it will become the characteristic arch of Islamic Architecture.

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Islamic Architecture Local cultures will have their own impact on architecture as Islam spreads bu




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Presentation on theme: "Islamic Architecture Local cultures will have their own impact on architecture as Islam spreads bu"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Islamic Architecture

Local cultures will have their own impact on architecture as Islam spreads but some elements of Islamic architecture are traceable no matter how much local influence is injected.

Slide2

Horseshoe Arch

Origin unknown

Some say Umayyad, others say Visigoth (Spain), and still others say Byzantine or Sassanid

Compare to this Roman Arch

Slide3

Pointed Arch

First used by Byzantines it will become the characteristic arch of Islamic Architecture

Later it becomes a center of Gothic Medieval Architecture

Slide4

Scalloped Arch

Variation on the Horseshoe

Arch

Slide5

Arabesque

Means repeating geometrical patterns

Major feature of Islamic Architecture due to fact that they do not

depict living things

in their art.

Slide6

Calligraphy

Quotations from Qur’an

Emphasizes Islam and the unification of their empire due to fact all had to learn Arabic to become Muslim or pay

Jizya.

Slide7

Hypostyle

Greek word meaning “under columns

Not specific to Islam but used extensively in

a mosque’s prayer

hall which had to be a large room

Slide8

Minaret

Used to call Muslims to prayer

Word originates from the term for “an object that gives light”

First mosques did not have minarets. Can vary drastically depending on local cultural influences

Oldest Standing Minaret

Slide9

Large Courtyards

The actual meeting place in the first mosque Muhammad built had a courtyard which is where the people gathered to pray.

Mosques are multipurpose buildings and serve religious, political and cultural roles. Courtyard= Town Square

Symbolically separates the outside world from the prayer hall (mentally prepare)

Slide10

Large Domes

Again, not a unique feature of Muslim architecture as the Greeks and Romans perfected the dome

The Dome of the Rock (right) is one of the holiest sites of Islam and was patterned off of nearby Byzantine churches and Byzantine workers help to build it.

Sometimes the domes are pointed at the top.

Slide11

Mihrab

Is a niche built into the wall of the Mosque which is usually accompanied by a pulpit

The

Mihrab indicates the direction of the Kaaba (

الكعبة) in Mecca which is the direction Muslims face when they pray.

Slide12

Other Elements

Bright Colors

Symmetric Design

Ablution FountainsFocus put into interiors rather than exteriors “beauty of the veil”

An ablution fountain is where Muslims perform a ritual washing before entering for prayer. It is usually located in the courtyard.

Slide13

What Islamic Elements can you see?

Virtual Tours of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus.