The Revolutionary War PowerPoint Presentation

The Revolutionary War PowerPoint Presentation

2017-07-26 55K 55 0 0

Description

The Second Continental Congress. Called as result of fighting in Massachusetts. Met in Philadelphia . (May. , . 1775). Radicals (John & Sam Adams, Patrick Henry, etc.) wanted war. Moderates (John Dickinson – PA) looking for reconciliation. ID: 573316

Embed code:

Download this presentation



DownloadNote - The PPT/PDF document "The Revolutionary War" is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.

Presentations text content in The Revolutionary War

Slide1

The Revolutionary War

Slide2

The Second Continental Congress

Called as result of fighting in Massachusetts

Met in Philadelphia (May, 1775)Radicals (John & Sam Adams, Patrick Henry, etc.) wanted warModerates (John Dickinson – PA) looking for reconciliation

Slide3

The Second Continental Congress

Dickinson’s Olive Branch Petition

Loyalty to King George IIIAsked for repeal of oppressive legislationKing’s responseRefused to receive Olive Branch Petitiondetermined to crush rebellion

Slide4

STOP TAKING NOTES NOW

Slide5

The Second Continental Congress

Fighting continues

Breeds and Bunker Hills (Boston)Patriot attempt at QuebecCapture MontrealFail to capture Quebec CityVirginia and the Carolinas rebelWashington commander of Colonial forcesMerchants refused British goods

Slide6

Start TAKING NOTES NOW

Slide7

Thomas Paine: Common Sense

Many Americansangry with Parliament still loyal to KingThomas PaineEmigrated from England (1774)RadicalCommon Sense (January, 1776)Built on John Locke and Glorious RevolutionGreat Awakening: all equal in the eyes of Godroot of the problem was monarchy

Slide8

Declaration of Independence (1776)

Slide9

On the Eve of the Revolution

BRITAIN

AMERICA

ADVANTAGES

?

?

DISADVANTAGES

?

?

Slide10

Revolutionary War:

Great Britain

American Colonies

AdvantagesLarge economy/world empireWell established government - Constitutional MonarchyProfessional ArmyLarge Royal NavyDisadvantagesLong lines of CommunicationFighting on “foreign” soil

Advantages

Fighting on “Home Turf”

Ready market of resources

Disadvantages

Weak government: Continental Congress

Economy designed to support Britain (mercantilism)

Disunity - Loyalists or Tories = 1/3 of population

Slide11

Exports & Imports: 1768-1783

Slide12

WholesalePriceIndex:1770-1789

Slide13

Loyalist

Strongholds

Slide14

STOP TAKING NOTES NOW

Slide15

Strategies:

British

Command of the Sea

Blockade American ports

Transport troops to areas of rebellion (mobility)

Hudson River Valley

Cut off New England from middle and southern colonies

Rally Loyalist Support in South

American

War of Attrition

Wear down British forces

Diplomacy

Gain European allies with large navies - France

Commerce Raiding

Privateering

Slide16

Phase I

:

The Northern Campaign

[1775-1776]

Slide17

Phase II:NY & PA[1777-1778]

Slide18

General Washington – 1776-78:

Defense of New York from British invasion.

Prevent British from dividing colonies

Continental Army defeated and forced to retreat toward Philadelphia

Valley Forge

Washington crosses the Delaware

Trenton

Princeton

Continental Army remains a threat to the British

Slide19

Washington Crossing the Delaware

Slide20

Battle of Saratoga:

Americans defeat and capture General John Burgoyne in upstate New York

Turning point of the war

French enter the war as America’s ally

French Navy: 80 ships of the line

Small American rebellion becomes

major

world war

Great Britain faces multiple enemies:

1775 American Colonies

1778 France and Spain

1780 Russia, Denmark, Sweden, Prussia, Austria, and Portugal form an Armed Neutrality

Slide21

Franco-American Treaty of 1778

Permanent, defensive alliance

France looking for revenge from

French & Indian

War

American contingent led by Ben Franklin, Silas Deane, and Arthur Lee

French Foreign Minister Comte de Vergennes convinces King Louis XVI to support

Americans

France agreed to fight until U.S.

independence

achieved

America would recognize French conquests in

West

Indies

Slide22

Why do the french want to get involved?

Slide23

Franco-American Alliance

Lafayette

Rochambeau

 

Charles

Gravier

,

Comte de Vergennes

Slide24

Phase III: The Southern Strategy [1780-1781]

Slide25

Southern Strategy

Nathanael Greene commander in Carolinas and GeorgiaLittle over 1,000 Continentals and bands of ill-disciplined militia against Cornwallis’ 10,000 menHad to create circumstances to achieve successGuerilla warfare

Slide26

Cowpens

Greene divided armyAllowed him to better feed own men, sustain militia, harass BritishTempted Cornwallis to divide main body, making it more vulnerable Cornwallis did this in Jan 1781, sending 1,100 men (commanded by Tarleton) to attack Greene’s western division (commanded by Daniel Morgan)

Slide27

Cowpens

Americans suffered 6.2% losses (12 killed and 60 wounded)British suffered 90% lossesCornwallis became obsessed with Morgan and turned to pursue himMorgan retreated into Virginia In a month Cornwallis had marched 225 miles without achieving decisive battle

Slide28

Yorktown

From Aug 21 to Sept 26, 1781 Washington and Rochambeau (French) marched their armies from New York to Virginia Simultaneously, De Grasse (French) sealed off the Chesapeake with the NavyObjective was to trap and defeat Cornwallis’ army on the York Peninsula

Slide29

Yorktown

Battle would begin with two parallel siege lines followed by an assault

Allies had an overwhelming advantage in numbers (16,000 to fewer than 8,000)

On Oct 19, the British surrendered and in

Sept.

1783 they formally recognized American independence

Slide30

STart TAKING NOTES NOW

Slide31

Did the Americans win?

Did the British lose?

Slide32

Treaty of Paris, 1783

American Delegation Benjamin Franklin John Adams John Jay

Slide33

Treaty of Paris, 1783

Terms:

British

recognition

of United States

U.S.

granted territory east

of Mississippi

Granted

to native tribes after French and Indian War

Loyalist

property returned

Some ended up being auctioned to pay off debt

Pre-war colonial debts

to be

paid

US

f

ishing rights

off Grand Banks

Florida

returned

to Spain by

separate treaty

Slide34

North America After theTreaty of Paris, 1783

Slide35

Treaty of Paris, 1783

What did it mean for

Women

Contributed to war effort through clothing for troops

Often ran farms while men were away

Blacks

In

south

Many joined

British

cause to escape slavery

Slavery

kept

for fear of blacks outnumbering whites and taking control

In

north

Many joined

patriot

cause

Beginning

of emancipation in

north

(relatively few blacks anyway)

Loyalists

Many fled to Canada, West Indies, or back to Britain

Those who stayed had property reinstituted

Slide36

Was the American Revolution inevitable?


About DocSlides
DocSlides allows users to easily upload and share presentations, PDF documents, and images.Share your documents with the world , watch,share and upload any time you want. How can you benefit from using DocSlides? DocSlides consists documents from individuals and organizations on topics ranging from technology and business to travel, health, and education. Find and search for what interests you, and learn from people and more. You can also download DocSlides to read or reference later.