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Essential Questions

What factors influence where people settle?

Is the world’s population growing too fast?Slide2

History of Human Settlement

People lived

nomadic lifestyles

.Agriculture caused people to settle in areas near water.Nile Valley, Mesopotamia, Indus Valley, Huang He ValleySlide3

Physical Factors Influencing Where People Live

People tend to settle in temperate, fertile, non-mountainous areas, such as valleys and plains.

People settle near sources of fresh water.

People settle not too far from oceans.Fewer people settle in dry, wet, cold or mountainous areas.Slide4

Human Factors Affecting Settlement

Political and Economic Centers

: People move to areas of political or economic importance, such as capital cities.

Transportation Routes: People often settle along transportation routes, such as coastlines, rivers, canals, railroad lines, or roads.Slide5

Human Factors Affecting Settlement Cont’d


: Improvements in technology can expand areas of settlement.

Urbanization: Since the start of the Industrial Revolution, urbanization (people moving from the countryside to cities) has increased greatly.Slide6

Most Populous Countries

Numbers as of


Census1. China 1.3 Billion2. India 1 Billion

3. United States 296 Million

4. Indonesia 242 Million

5. Brazil 186 MillionSlide7

Most Populous Countries

Numbers as of


Census1. China 1.346 Billion2. India 1.241 Billion

3. United States 312 Million

4. Indonesia 238 Million

5. Brazil 197 MillionSlide8

Where would you live a long life?

The 10 countries with the longest life expectancy

Hong Kong 85

Japan 79Canada 78Iceland 78

Greece 78

Italy 78

France 77

Channel Islands 77

Australia 77

Austria 77

1. In which country do people live the longest?

2. Why is the U.S.


on this list?


How long are you expected to live?Slide9

Where would you live a



The 10 countries with the shortest life expectancyGuinea-Bissau 39Sierra Leone 43

Afghanistan 43

Guinea 44

Malawi 44

The Gambia 45

Angola 46

Uganda 46

Rwanda 46

Niger 46

In which country do people have the shortest lives?

2. How long is a baby born in Guinea-Bissau expected to live?

3. How much shorter a life does a person live

in Guinea-Bissau than in Hong Kong?

Hong Kong




46 yearsSlide10

Population Density Maps

A map showing how many people live per square mile in a given area.

It shows the distribution of population in that area.Slide11

Population Density Maps

Uses dots to indicate the location of major towns and cities.

Dots are also used to show the concentration of where people live.Slide12

Population Pyramids

These compare the numbers of males and females in a particular country.

Stacked bars indicate the number of people for each age group.

They are used by demographers to show the age distribution in a society.Slide13

Trends in World Population Growth

The world’s population has steadily increased over time.


: The world’s population grew slowly.After Industrial Revolution: The world’s population grew rapidly. Europe and N. America

grew fastest due to new farming methods and industrialization


Trends in World Population Growth Cont’d

European Colonization

: As Europeans colonized new areas, they spread new farming methods and modern medicine.

Current Trends:Population growth has greatly accelerated.China, India, and Africa are struggling to reduce birth rates to bring population under control




Identify 2 ways you would expect Japan and Iran to have different needs because of the different ages of their populations.

Japan will have to cope with an aging population so health services for the elderly will be in demand. Iran’s population is very young. Iran’s life expectancy is very short.Slide16


Physical features often influence where people live. Which type of environment typically has the highest population density?

hills, mountains and plateaus

Flat, fertile plains and river valleysWet bogs and swamps

Dry and barren desert regions

Answer: BSlide17



Which of the following is the most likely effect of building a railroad to reach an area rich in natural resources?

Railroad owners take control of the area.The number of people that settle in the area increases.

There is a sharp increase in movement away from the area.

Government leaders close the area to future settlement


Answer: B

By: calandra-battersby
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Type: Public

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Demography - Description

Essential Questions What factors influence where people settle Is the worlds population growing too fast History of Human Settlement People lived nomadic lifestyles Agriculture caused people to settle in areas near water ID: 260296 Download Presentation

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