Retention and Completion

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with OER Implementation. OER and Retention / Completion. OERs have been around for a long time:. MERLOT: 1997. MIT Open Courseware: 2002. BCCampus. . OpenEd. : 2003 . State- or region-wide OER Textbook replacement programs are rather new: . ID: 557671 Download Presentation

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Retention and Completion

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Presentations text content in Retention and Completion


Retention and Completion

with OER Implementation


OER and Retention / Completion

OERs have been around for a long time:

MERLOT: 1997

MIT Open Courseware: 2002



: 2003

State- or region-wide OER Textbook replacement programs are rather new:

CSU Affordable Learning Solutions: 2010

UMN Open Textbook Library: 2012

Affordable Learning Georgia: 2013


Large retention and completion analyses in these new

statewide programs

are still forthcoming.

We can look at

both related and measurable factors to retention and completion within

case studies to predict the effects OER


have in the future.


Related Retention Factors

Availability of Academic Resources

Satisfaction with Costs


Academic Resources

From research literature, we do know that: Medium or high levels of academic resources available at an institution lead to a higher probability of degree completion.Correlation was even stronger with students of lower socioeconomic status (SES), but positively correlated at all SES levels.Potential Impact from OER: The creation, adaptation, and adoption of OER within courses increases the availability of academic resources.

Cabrera, A. et al. (2012).

Pathways to a four-year degree.



, A., ed. (2012).

College Student Retention

, 2


ed. Lanham:


and Littlefield, Inc.


Satisfaction with Costs

Also from the literature: Satisfaction with the costs of a four-year degree program leads to higher degree completion rates among low-SES students. Potential Impact from OER: OERs reduce the associated costs of a degree program, leading to increased satisfaction with costs. OER replacements of commercial textbooks have saved students millions of dollars, including over $1 million in USG FY 2014. The UGA Biology pilot project alone saved students over $150,000 in one year—6 times the cost of the project’s Incubator Grant.

Cabrera, A. et al. (2012).

Pathways to a four-year degree.



, A., ed. (2012).

College Student Retention

, 2


ed. Lanham:


and Littlefield, Inc.


Measurable Retention Factors


Grade Performance

Retention and Successful Completion in Courses

Passing Percentage per Student


ollar Spent on Learning Materials


Grade Performance

Grade performance obviously affects retention and completion, but how do OER fit in? In an Open University student survey: OER textbook replacements improved grades for 47% of respondents66% had an increase in the subject’s interest after using OER in courses64% of respondents had an increase in learning experience satisfaction in OER courses over other courses45% reported an increase in lesson engagement with OER courses


Case: Virginia State College of Business

In a one-year pilot program to replace commercial textbooks with OER: 30-40% increase in GPAsMore than $200,000 in student savings


Case: Mercy College Mathematics

In a college-wide adoption or OER: All 27 sections of Basic Mathematics replaced commercial textbooks with OER in fall 2012.The pass rate for the course increased from 48.40% in spring 2011 to 68.90% in fall 2012. Students saved $125,000 during the first year. According to a new measure proposed by David Wiley of Lumen Learning: This is an over 50x increase in passing percentage per dollar spent by students on course materials.


Case: University System of Georgia

The first USG Open Textbook was made for the core curriculum

US History I

course and implemented in


in Summer and Fall 2013.



2013, prior

to open text

implementation: 88


HIST 2111 retention rate.


Summer 2013, the first semester with the Open Textbook, 


increased to 94%.  

Successful completion (

grades A,



C) rose

from 56% in the spring to 84% in the summer with the open textbook


Retention is the measure of non


withdrawals (grades A



Successful course completion is the

measure of

grades A,






-successful course

completion is the measure of grades D

, F, W,




OER implementation directly improves these related and measurable retention and completion factors: Academic Resources AvailableOpen Textbooks available at all times with no cost-related barriers to accessSatisfaction with CostsOpen Textbooks are free Especially increases completion in low SES studentsGrade PerformanceIncreased course retention, successful completion rates, and overall GPAs in case studiesIncreased student performance per dollar spent on learning materials



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