Behavioural, Emotional and Cognitive characteristics of Pho

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Psychopathology. Characteristics of Disorders. Behavioural, Emotional and Cognitive Characteristics of. Phobias. Depression. OCD. Clinical Characteristics. Behavioural –. Emotional – . Cognitive – . ID: 560906 Download Presentation

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Behavioural, Emotional and Cognitive characteristics of Pho




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Presentations text content in Behavioural, Emotional and Cognitive characteristics of Pho

Slide1

Behavioural, Emotional and Cognitive characteristics of Phobias, Depression and OCD

Psychopathology

Slide2

Characteristics of Disorders

Behavioural, Emotional and Cognitive Characteristics of

Phobias

Depression

OCD

Slide3

Clinical Characteristics

Behavioural –

Emotional –

Cognitive –

What do these mean?

How would you define them?

Slide4

Clinical Characteristics

Behavioural –

ways in which people act

Emotional –

ways in which people feel

Cognitive –

the process of thinking

Slide5

Group work

In groups of 3

Take a disorder

List some symptoms you can think of associated with that disorder under each heading

Behavioural

Cognitive

Emotional

Slide6

Phobias

Selective attention Avoidance Irrational beliefs PanicCognitive distortions EndurancePersistent excessive fearUnreasonable responseFear when exposed

COGNITIVE

BEHAVIOURAL

EMOTIONAL

Slide7

Depression- SPEWS CND WALL

Sleep disturbance. Concentration problemsPersonal hygiene Negative schemasEnergy-loss of. Death (thoughts of)Weight (gain or loss)Social impairment. Worthlessness Anger Loss of enthusiasm Lowered mood

Slide8

OCD – CAR RADDIO

Compulsions-Anxiety Reducing and RepetitiveAvoidanceDepressionDistressInsightObsessive thoughts

Slide9

Phobias

What are phobias?

What are your phobias?

Why do you have them?

What symptoms do people with phobias show?

Slide10

Phobias

Characterised by excessive fear and anxiety

Triggered by an object, place or situation

Specific Phobia (object or situation)

Social Phobia (speaking or eating in public)

Agoraphobia (fear of being outside in space)

Slide11

Age of onset is 7-9 years and most people tend to have more than one type.

Specific (isolated) phobias

Specific phobias are fears relating to something specific Four major sub-types have been identified:

Animal type – e.g. Arachnophobia

Situational type – e.g.Claustrophobia

Natural environment – e.g.Acrophobia (heights)

Blood-injection-injury – e.g. Algophobia (pain)

Next slide warning!

Slide12

Specific Phobias

– Animal type

Huntsman Spider - Australia

Slide13

Specific Phobias

- Situational type

Slide14

Specific Phobia

Natural

environment

Slide15

The age of onset tends to be around 15 years and is most prevalent in people around 18 – 29 years.

Social Phobias

Social Phobias are an excessive fear of social situations e.g. eating in public

Lifetime prevalence: 11% males & 15% females

Slide16

This is a fear of open / public spaces and is especially debilitating as it may prevent some people from going out of their home. It is often seen as the most serious of phobias and many sufferers are prone to panic attacks when venturing out.

Agoraphobia

It is closely associated with panic disorder.

Prevalence: 4%;  twice as likely in females

Slide17

Name that phobia

Spermophobia

Helminthophobia

Pediophobia

Ergasiophobia

Astraphobia

Slide18

Name that phobia

Spermophobia

Germs

Helminthophobia

Pediophobia

Worms

Children

Ergasiophobia

Work

Astraphobia

Lightning

Slide19

Phobias

Selective attention Avoidance Irrational beliefs PanicCognitive distortions EndurancePersistent excessive fearUnreasonable responseFear when exposed

COGNITIVE

BEHAVIOURAL

EMOTIONAL

Slide20

What does this look like?

https://

www.youtube.com/watch?v=JDvDCqLCdEE

Slide21

Phobias

Children are prone to phobias, including some that may appear downright odd to us as adults. One phobic stimulus is buttons.

Eloise has a phobia of buttons. She refuses to wear anything with buttons and she even refuses to go into clothes shops where there are likely to be clothes with buttons. When questioned, Eloise says that this is because of the extreme anxiety that buttons cause her. She also says that she believes that buttons will always pinch her skin and that this will leave a bruise.

identify the behavioural, emotional and cognitive aspects of Eloise’s fear.

Think of another specific phobia. What behaviours, emotions and cognitions characterise it?

Slide22

Phobias

Children are prone to phobias, including some that may appear downright odd to us as adults. One phobic stimulus is buttons.

Eloise has a phobia of buttons. She

refuses to wear anything with buttons and she even refuses to go into clothes shops

where there are likely to be clothes with buttons. When questioned, Eloise says that this is because of the

extreme anxiety

that buttons cause her. She also says that she

believes that buttons will always pinch her skin and that this will leave a bruise.

identify the

behavioural

,

emotional

and

cognitive

aspects of Eloise’s fear.

Think of another specific phobia. What behaviours, emotions and cognitions characterise it?

Slide23

Phobias

Selective attention Avoidance Irrational beliefs PanicCognitive distortions EndurancePersistent excessive fearUnreasonable responseFear when exposed

COGNITIVE

BEHAVIOURAL

EMOTIONAL

Slide24

Depression

Characterised by low mood and energy

Major depressive disorder = severe but often short-term depression

Persistent depressive disorder = long-term or recurring depression including sustained major depression

Slide25

Depression

What behavioural, emotional and cognitive symptoms of depression can you think of?

Slide26

Depression- SPEWS CND WALL

Sleep disturbance. Concentration problemsPersonal hygiene Negative schemasEnergy-loss of. Death (thoughts of)Weight (gain or loss)Social impairment. Worthlessness Anger Loss of enthusiasm Lowered mood

Slide27

Depression

Jessica is a 20 year old university student. Her parents have been very worried since she returned home for a holiday. They hear Jessica up late at night and also notice that she appears to have lost quite a bit of weight. Jessica is very sensitive when asked about this and snaps at her parents.

In one argument she says that she hates her parents and herself. In another argument she says that she did not enjoy being at

uni

and hates visiting her family. She shows no enthusiasm about returning to

uni

after the holiday and has been unable to concentrate on a piece of coursework she has brought home to work on

.

identify the behavioural, emotional and cognitive aspects of Jessica’s state.

Based on these characteristics, should Jessica’s parents be concerned that she may be suffering from depression? Explain your answer.

Slide28

Depression

Jessica is a 20 year old university student. Her parents have been very worried since she returned home for a holiday. They hear Jessica

up late at night

and also notice that she appears to have

lost quite a bit of weight.

Jessica is very sensitive when asked about this and

snaps at her parents

.

In one argument

she says that she hates her parents and herself

.

In another argument she says that she

did not enjoy being at

uni

and hates visiting her family. She shows

no enthusiasm

about returning to

uni

after the holiday and has been

unable to concentrate

on a piece of coursework she has brought home to work on.

identify the

behavioural

,

emotional

and

cognitive

aspects of Jessica’s state.

Based on these characteristics, should Jessica’s parents be concerned that she may be suffering from depression? Explain your answer.

Slide29

Depression- SPEWS CND WALL

Sleep disturbance. Concentration problemsPersonal hygiene Negative schemasEnergy-loss of. Death (thoughts of)Weight (gain or loss)Social impairment. Worthlessness Anger Loss of enthusiasm Lowered mood

Slide30

OCD

OCD is a range of related disorders

R

epetitive behaviour accompanied by obsessive thinking

Obsessions (recurring thoughts, images)

Compulsions (repetitive behaviours)

Slide31

OCD

Slide32

OCD – CAR RADDIO

Compulsions-Anxiety Reducing and… RepetitiveAvoidanceDepressionDistressInsightObsessive thoughts

Slide33

What does OCD look like?

https://

www.youtube.com/watch?v=ua9zr16jC1M

Slide34

OCD

Jaz suffers from OCD. She described her condition as follows:

I’m constantly anxious about catching diseases from other people. I can’t get thoughts and pictures of dirt out of my mind, Every day I clean my whole house and wash my hands hundreds of times every day. When anyone comes to the house I make them wash their hands before I can go near them. I know this is ridiculous but I can’t help it- it makes me feel better, but only for a little while.

1. identify the behavioural, emotional and cognitive aspects of Jaz’s state.

2. OCD is illustrated as a cycle- use the cycle to describe Jaz’s OCD.

Slide35

OCD

Jaz suffers from OCD. She described her condition as follows:

I’m

constantly anxious

about catching diseases from other people. I can’t

get thoughts and pictures of dirt out of my mind

,

Every day I clean

my whole house and wash my hands hundreds of times every day.

When anyone comes to the house I make them wash their hands

before I can go near them.

I know this is ridiculous

but I can’t help it-

it makes me feel better

, but only for a little while.

1. identify the

behavioural

,

emotional

and

cognitive

aspects of Jaz’s state.

2. OCD is illustrated as a cycle- use this cycle to describe Jaz’s OCD.

Slide36

OCD

Slide37

OCD – CAR RADDIO

Compulsions-Anxiety Reducing and RepetitiveAvoidanceDepressionDistressInsightObsessive thoughts


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