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COMIC

STRIPS. QUIDELINES. Comic strips. “… eye . candy, . or. food . for . thought?”. COMIC STRIPS. Storytelling. Creativity. Self expression. Problem solving. Sequencing. Artistic skills.

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COMIC






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Slide1

COMIC STRIPS

QUIDELINESSlide2

Comic strips

“… eye

candy,

or

food

for

thought?”Slide3

COMIC STRIPS

Storytelling

Creativity

Self expression

Problem solving

Sequencing

Artistic skills

Computer skills

Decision makingSlide4

DEFINITION

A

comic strip

is a common form of

comics

(a general term to also include editorial or gag cartoons and comic books or graphic novels).

The

term

graphic novel

is now established for the longer and more novel-like coherent story,

and

the

term

sequential art

is also suggested by Will Eisner .Slide5

FORM & USE

It

is a medium which combines

text and visual information

It

has

the form

of a collated sequence of drawings or

pictures arranged

in interrelated panels to display with text in balloons and

captions

.

It

is used

to express ideas, brief humor or form a narrative: It can be humorous or satirical but also may take the form of adventure story and even soap-opera continuity strip.

When used to tell a story it has the 3 main

parts of a story: (Setting, Characters, Plot)Slide6

WHERE

Often published in

daily

newspapers

, with horizontal strips, printed in black-and-white. Sunday newspapers offered longer sequences in special

colour

section.

Web comics

/

online comics

/

internet comics

, are available on the

Internet

and reach large audiences.

Web comics can make use of an infinite canvas thus not constrained by size or dimensions of a page.Slide7

common

stip creators

Strips are written and drawn by a

comics artist

or

cartoonist

Today due to technology more and more people express themselves via comic strips

mixed media and digital technology have become common.Slide8

specialists

Typically

one creator produces

the whole strip.

Sometimes

a

writer

carries out the script and

an artist (with or without additional assistant artists

)

the drawing of the art

. In

some cases

, one artist draws key

figures/the characters while another does only

backgrounds (common in Japan).

In American superhero comic books,

a penciller lays out the artwork in pencil;

an inker finishes the artwork in ink;

a colourist applies colours

a letterer adds the captions and speech balloons.

Even if many strips are the work of two people, one signature is displayedSlide9

Cartoon Strip as a Medium

A comic

strip is

considered to be a

page-based story-telling

through

a sequence of frames similar to a filmed sequence of

shots so

All

strips use

the

basic

film

conventions:

angle

(high, straight, low, canted

)

zoom

in/out

shot-reverse

shot

eyeline

match

Direction: left-right, top-bottom (in West)

Colour: black

and white or

coloured

use

of shot distance (ELS, LS, MS, MCU, CU, ECU) Slide10

Structures (1)

Micro-structures:

inter-frame

relationships

:

shot-reverse shot

zoom in/out

repetition

,

contrast

Q/A

moment-moment

action-action

subject-subject

scene-scene

aspect-aspect

non-sequitur

flash-forwards

flashbackSlide11

Structures (2)

Macro-structures :

Consistent style:

narrative

structure e.g

.

beginning

(setting/ characters/

actions)

middle

(problem,

effect)

possible solution/

cliffhanger

OR

similar

to

a mainstream

film

and television

e.g. 4-act structure

setup

,

complication

,

development

,

resolution

From Marchant, S. (2006)

The Computer Cartoon Kit (with CD-ROM of images)

. Lewes: Ilex.

Digital images & instructions provided!Slide12

THE MAIN FEATURES

TITLE

PANEL/FRAME

GUTTER

MOTION LINES

SPEECH BUBBLE

A

CAPTION :A

BOX

(

USUALLY RECTANGULAR) USED

FOR NARRATION

TEXT IS USUALLY

IN

CAPITALSSlide13

FEATURES (1)

arranged in “

panels

” or boxes.

separated

out by

the “

gutter

the

empty space

surrounding them.

The story (in form of pictures or drawings

) is Slide14

FEATURES (2)

The narratives are shown in

caption boxes

, usually coloured, to differentiate from speech.Slide15

Speech bubbles

,

usually round or square, use a tail pointing to the character’s mouth to indicate speaking out loud.

Text,

usually all

in capitals

I HAVE THE SOLUTION

..

FEATURES

(3)Slide16

FEATURES (4)

A

scream bubble,

with a jagged outline or a thicker line and usually larger

Text,

bolder than normal letters (the character is screaming).

WHAAAAASlide17

FEATURES (5)

Broadcast bubbles,

with a jagged tail like a lightning flash shape

Text

,

letters sometimes italicised to indicate communication through an electronic device (telephone, radio, TV)

…cartoon time…Slide18

FEATURES (6)

A

whisper bubble,

with a dashed/dotted outline

Text,

smaller letters and a paler (grey) writing

(the speaker is talking in a softer or quieter tone).

…AND THEN SHE…Slide19

FEATURES (7)

Thought bubbles,

cloud-shaped word bubbles

(the character is not talking loud)

HMMMM!

Slide20

FEATURES (8)

Action words

sounds can be heard

and help the image make an impact.

Examples:

POW!

the

sound of a

blow

BAM!

the

sound of a hard blow or to

show something

happening

abruptly

SKREEECH!

a

car sliding around a

corner

KABOOOM

!

the

sound of

an explosion

Usually in coloured jagged splats

Text all in capitals

Exclamations are quite oftenSlide21

Analysing a Comic Strip

Identify modal elements & their

reasons

for use

Identify target reader and genre

Identify

stages in the narrative

Evaluate artistry

Evaluate

representations e.g. stereotypes, non-stereotypesSlide22

Creating a comic strip

1.

Planning

Identify purpose, target audience and genre

Create draft

storyboard

Decide on

characters

,

settings, pros

2.

Producing

Collect/shoot/scan/upload images/photos

Create writing content

Use appropriate software to edit comic

strip

3.

Sharing

Save in

format for distribution (e.g. pdf

)

Print /shareSlide23

TERMINOLOGY

TITLE

: the

name

of the creation

PANEL/FRAME

: individual images containing a segment of action often surrounded by a border

CAPTION:

a box (usually rectangular) for narration. Captions can give voice to a narrator, convey characters' dialogue or thoughts,

or indicate place or time

SOUND EFFECT/SFX

or

ONOMATOPOEIA:

The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g. cuckoo, sizzle

)

SYMBOLS/EMANATA

:

graphic signs used

to convey information that goes beyond what could be perceived visually

: e.g. sweat beads (for fear or anxiety), light bulb (for idea

)

GUTTER

: the gap

among

panels to indicate narrative and temporality;

the major place for meaning making.

SPEECH /BUBBLE

balloons:

indicate dialogue (or thought

MOTION LINES /movement lines

/

action lines

/

speed lines/

zip ribbons

: the abstract lines that appear behind a moving object or person, parallel to its direction of movement, to make it appear as if it is moving quickly.

MANGA:

Japanese

graphic

novels, telling

translated tales of romance, adventure, and politics

.

ENCAPSULATION:

the process through which prime

moments in a narrative are broken down into

panels.

CARICATURE:

an

exaggeration of personal characteristics, usually in picture form

PERSONIFICATION:

attributing

human characteristics to animals or objectsSlide24

RECOURCES

https://www.tes.co.uk/

https

://

en

.

wikipedia

.

org

/

wiki

/Comic

_strip

http://

www.britannica

.com/

art/

comic-strip

http

://comicsforum.

org/2013/02/25/

chercher-dans

-

le

-

noir

-

the

-

gap

-

as

-

motif

-

in

-caboto-

by

-

lorenzo

-

mattotti

-

and

-jorge

-

zentner

-

by

-

barbara

-

uhlig

/

https

://

en

.

wikipedia

.

org

/

wiki

/

Rodolphe

_

T

%

C

3%

B

6

pffer

#/

media

/

File

:

Toepffer

_

Cryptogame

_13.

png

https

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spot

.

pcc

.

edu

/~

mdembrow

/

glossary

.

htm

http

://

blog

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visualmotive

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com

/2009/

understanding

-

comics

-

with

-

scott

-

mccloud

/

http://comicsforum.org/2013/07/26/list-of-terms-for-comics-studies-by-andrei-molotiu

/

Glykeria Gkouvatsou