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Presentation on theme: "Technical Terms"— Presentation transcript:
Camcorder: An appliance intended solely for capturing sound and motion pictures (Camera), and stores them on tape, disc, or other media (recorder).
Digital intermediate (DI): Original camera film that is converted into ultra-high-definition video for use in postproduction.
Digital: To record images and sounds as numerical data, either directly in a camera or during the process of importing them to a computer.
Film: An audiovisual medium that records images on transparent plastic strips by means of photosensitive chemicals.
Grip: Production staff member who practices many of the technical crafts associated with program production.
Live: A program that is recorded and, sometimes, transmitted for display continuously, in real-time
Shoot: To record film or video. Also, "a shoot" is an informal term for the production phase of a film or video project.
Television: Studio-based, multi-camera video that is often produced and transmitted "live."
Video: An audiovisual medium that records on a magnetic tape or digital storage media by electronic means. Also, single-camera program creation in the manner of film production, rather than studio television.
Visual literacy: The ability to evaluate the content of visual media through an understanding of the way in which it is recorded and presented.
Compare the advantages and drawbacks of both film and video media
Recognize the impact of video communication
Understand the nature of the video world
Summarize the tasks and responsibilities involved in each of the three major phases of video production
How Video Developed
Before video, there were only film and television.
Film was used to create most programs.
Television was used to broadcast live programs.
Digital recording improved quality.
Electronic production technology has evolved into video.
Advantages of Film
Relatively portable equipment
Highly refined ability to reproduce quality images
Potential for sophisticated editing
Availability of permanent archival
Drawbacks of Television
Heavy, complex, and immovable equipment
Lower image quality
Limited ability to render shades of gray
Inefficiency of recording for later editing
Improvements to Television
Development of camcorder
Improved picture sharpness
Improved gray scale range
Development of high-quality color
TV signal can now be electronically copied and edited
Video Versus Film
Film has several advantages over video.
Video has several advantages over film.
The weaknesses of each are becoming less important.
Film and video are growing closer together.
Weaknesses of Video
Video is not as sharp or clear as film
Color looks subtly different from film
Most cameras are not capable of highly selective focus techniques
Long-term storage is expensive
Archival storage has not yet been achieved
Video is less flexible in sound editing
Weaknesses of Film
Film is more expensive to shoot and process
Film is less tolerant of different light levels
Sound recording is more cumbersome
Color balancing is time-consuming and expensive
Titles and effects could not be edited in real time
Editing requires negative cutting
Visual hybrids of film and video are being created
Many productions intended for theaters and broadcast are now shot digitally
The Digital Intermediate (DI)
Film recordings are usually transferred to video before editing
The DI produced has as high of a quality as the original
This eliminates most drawbacks of film postproduction
After postproduction, programs are scanned back onto film
Improvements in Sound Editing
Computerized editing software can handle almost limitless number of audio channels
Multilayer video sound tracks are now the rule
Converging Job Skills
Skills needed for film and television once differed greatly
Today, the two media share many procedures
Many people work with both forms
Film and TV communicate using the same “language”
Types of Video Production
Jobs in Video
Audio and video engineering
The Nature of Video
Laws in the actual world do not hold true in the video world
Law of space
Law of time
Law of gravity
Special effects are used to fool viewers
Laws of the video world can fool the viewer
One side of a door is at a location.
The other side is on a set.
The Language of Video Expression
Video communication uses a visual language:
An image is like a word
A shot is like a sentence
A scene is like a paragraph
A sequence is like a chapter
Video has a form of grammar
Video has its own rhetoric
The Construction of Video Programs
Video communication is like written communication
Organizing and developing a coherent story is important
Effective programs require the following:
Phases of Video Production
Includes everything done before shooting:
Gathering cast and crew
Planning production requirements
Often longer and more complicated than production
Covers the actual shooting of the material
Several people share the responsibility for the “look” of the program:
Production management staff
Just as important as production
Involves editing raw material:
Selecting shots to be included
Assembling shots in order
Adding music and sound effects to audio
Creating titles and visual effects
TIP OF THE ICEBERG
This introductory chapter has provided a very brief overview of video communication and production. The rest of the book and power points are devoted to the details of the world of video. production.
If it can be written, or thought, it can be filmed.
Perhaps it sounds ridiculous, but the best thing that young filmmakers should do is to get hold of a camera and some film and make a movie of any kind at all.