Content Integration . Using Historical Thinking Skills to DO History. Social Studies In . Elementary School. Get students to DO history. Develop . H. istorical . Thinking and Literacy . Skills. Develop . ID: 249834
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Social Studies Content Integration
Using Historical Thinking Skills to DO HistorySlide2Slide3Slide4
Social Studies In Elementary School
Get students to DO history
Thinking and Literacy
the students’ idea
of time and place
Instill an interest in the Social Studies
Improve overall literacy skills
Begin to introduce the NCSS themes.
The themes are in your handouts.Slide5
What Do Historians DO?
Historians study the written records of history in order to gather evidence that will support their answer to a
These written records, or documents, are used to support their interpretation of what happened, who was involved and why it occurred.
Historians do all of this using “historical literacy skills”.Slide6
Reading Like A Historian
Stanford Education Group
Developed lesson plans for secondary schools using primary source documents.
Awesome website: http
Created historical skills chart that we are going to use today.Slide7Slide8
4th Grade, Unit 2Topaz
: How do individuals influence others?
: Unit 6-
Why do historical conflicts often occur when basic needs or rights are threatened?
I can describe the role of the United States during one of the following wars (World War I, the Great Depression and World War II).
Student Learning Target
: I can understand how the rights and responsibilities of people have changed over time.
Example Performance Assessment
The U.S. Justified In Using Internment Camps for Japanese-Americans
OUR TURN TODO HISTORY
In your interactive notebook start a new page and on top of the left hand side write down our assessment question.
On the Right hand side, glue in the handout “Historical Thinking Skills: Topaz”
Update the table of contents.
On the Right hand side under the heading “background information” Use your prior knowledge about TOPAZ and write
Japanese Internment Camps.
This would be what you provide to your students using all the various resources. Keep in mind this does not need to be long.Slide10
Left Hand SideDocument Comparison T-Chart
Building Historical Background
Elementary Social Studies is not chronological but a snap shot of different events and periods in history built around bigger concepts or themes.
Background does not need to be comprehensive, but should provide a general historical perspective.
Help build the concepts of time and spaceSlide13
Historical Thinking Skill #1Sourcing
Always done BEFORE reading the document
Identifies if a source is a primary or secondary source.
Primary sources were created at the time of an event, secondary sources interpret or analyze primary sources
Answers important questions about the origin of the document.
Refer to the Historical Thinking Skills ChartSlide14
Sourcing guiding questions And Sentence Starters
Primary or secondary?
This was written for…
I think the author believes….
I do/don’t trust this document because…Slide15
Source Document 1
Look at what makes up the skill on the RIGHT hand side of the notebook
Answer at least 3 of the questions from the notes in the Document 1
box on the left had side.
WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THIS SOURCE?Slide16
Historical Thinking Skill #2Close Reading
Close reading is the careful sustained interpretation of a brief passage of text
Use a variety of close reading strategies and text annotations to focus what you want kids to discover from the text.
Refer to the “critical features of instructions” for literacy strategies for
READING in the maps.Slide17
Close Reading Guiding questions
How does it make you feel?
Anything left out?Slide18
Read Document 1 Closely
or explain injustice for camps.
or phrases that create emotion.
Make a note of what emotion you have as you read.Slide19
Historical Thinking Skill #3Contextualization
Contextualization asks students to locate a document in time and place and to understand how these factors shape its content.
Helps kids to connect what else was happening at a particular time
Attempts to place the kids in that time period and to understand how the people may have felt.
Recognize change and continuity. How are things different or how are they the same.Slide20
What was it like to be alive at this time?
From this document I would guess that people at this time were feeling…
This document might not give me the whole picture because…
What else was going on at this time
This is a great time to let students generate questions to increase understanding.Slide21
Historical Thinking Skill #4Corroboration
Corroboration asks students to consider details across multiple sources to determine points of agreement and disagreement.
Attempts to find elements of truth or fact by comparing more than one source.
When corroborating documents, the other 3 skills need to be utilized.
Only need to compare one other document, but can use many more.
High school AP tests ask students to compare 10-13 documents. That is what we are building for.Slide22
Work with a partner to fill in the
“Document 2” column on
your t-chart using our historical thinking skills.
With your partner discuss each step and how you might do this with your students
Student Supports and Assessment
For each step the questions and the number of questions can be designed to help support and develop these skills with students.
Assess each step.
Listen to what kids are discussing in partnerships
Read what they are writing in their notebooks.
What types of questions are they asking you in this process.
Recognize these are skills they build all throughout middle and high school and they WILL NOT be perfect with them and it is a growing and learning process.Slide24
A big part of developing Historical thinking skills is to be able to listen to others and their thinking.
Always lead a class discussion about the historical question before you give the final performance assessment.Slide25
Performance Assessment and the Interactive Notebook
The Left hand side of the notebook can be used for any type of student output that would show their thinking about the assessment question or the student learning target
Assessments can be graded when turned in or just a quick glance and as a unit or individual assignment
Hundreds of great ideas with the focus on student production.Slide27
Production Assessments should be Engaging!
Give explicit details about what you expect.
Use verbs to tell students what to do, such as draw, outline, create, illustrate, etc.
Explain where in the notebook you should see the assignment.
Tell students specifically what resources they should use to complete the activity
Encourage creativity and imagination when demonstrating the use of historical thinking skills
Use Rubrics, simple or complex
Use historical questions to drive activitiesSlide28
Paste your “List of Examples” on the right hand side of the notebook.
Create a symbol for ideas you OWN!
A second symbol for ideas you WANT to own
Make a key for your symbols so you know what they meant next time you look at it.Slide29
Student Formal Writing orEssay Practice
Parts of an essay such as claim/thesis, introductions, transitions,
Portions of essay from both perspectivesSlide30
Simple drawing of a figure
Five key words or phrases that describe the background of the figure
Three illustrations or visual symbols that represent the characters point of view or background
At least 4 colorsSlide31Slide32
Timeline of chronological events with illustrations to highlight key moments in a particular time period
Include _____ illustrations, or _____ number of events.Slide33Slide34Slide35
Create an illustration of __________
Below your illustration write a description of ____________
Can be for a specific moment in time or to illustrate a process such as migration or forced migrations.Slide36Slide37
Historical Caricatures orSensory Figures
Represents a historical person or a group of people
Provides their point of view for contextualization
Could be how that person was perceived at that time or how they are perceived now.
Sensory figures incorporate the senses such as what this character might have seen, heard, felt, etc.Slide38Slide39
Write a Eulogy to highlight the accomplishments or virtues of a historical character
The eulogy could also exaggerate what that person may have felt or thought at that time
Could also be for a group of people.Slide40
Use historical people, places, or events as the basis of poetry.
Use this activity to reinforce your teaching of poetry.Slide41
Assume the role of a person from history
Write a journal or a diary entry that recounts the experiences or feelings that person may have had.
Variations could be historical monuments or markers.
Usually a short summary of the event, followed by an explanation of significance or a justification for that event.Slide42
Great for a focus on vocabulary
Vocabulary word is written out with a definition with an illustration showing historical connection.
Can be used as part of explicit vocabulary routine
Provide a synonym and an antonym for the target vocabulary word.
Great to use with various foldable activitiesSlide43Slide44
Invitation to a historical event or important date
Highlight the important facts or details about the information
Could also include what the goal, purpose, or outcome was for the eventSlide45
Annotated drawings, newspaper articles, posters, cartoons that show different perspectives
Show different perspectives of the same person or event
Wanted /Hero postersSlide46
Political Cartoon or Comic Strip
Show historical thinking skills in a political cartoon.
Provide a historical commentary on a person, place, or event.
Thousands to model from.Slide47Slide48
Postcards include a graphic or illustration on one side with information on the other
Great way to practice summarization skills
Information can be assigned with a particular point of view or historical perspective.Slide49
Charts, Graphs, Diagrams and Flow Charts
Charts, Graphs, Diagrams are excellent ways to show historical data.
Simple illustrations are a great addition
Often used on the right side of the interactive notebook to gather, collect, or organize facts to be used in other left side student production activitiesSlide50
Graphic organizers are great to use on both the left side or the right side of an interactive notebook.
Examples include a T-chart, spoke diagrams, Venn diagrams, KWL chart, word web, Fact and Opinion, etc.Slide51
Japanese Internment Camp Performance Assessment
On the Left hand side of your notebook, answer our historical question
Was The U.S. Justified In Using Internment Camps for Japanese-
Choose any of the assessment ideas to accomplish this.
Share with your table what you produced for your assessment.Slide52
Students DO history by using a combination of primary and secondary documents to answer historical questions.
When we allow kids to DO history they develop historical thinking skills of sourcing, close reading, contextualization, and corroboration.
When they DO history they develop a better understanding of time and place
Students can DO history in a fun variety of ways using an interactive notebook.
Students DO history to improve literacy skillsSlide53
Content Integration Maps.Partner Work
With a partner look at the performance assessments for each unit.
List two possible interactive notebook activities that could be used for each assessment.
Try and include various activities.
If you have a great idea, either from our list or your own, write it down and send it to us and we will pass it on.Slide54
Post-it note in one unit of map with possible interactive notebook performance assessments
Fill out blue evaluation form
Return to the front
Put candy and pen box on back tableSlide55Slide56Slide57Slide58