11/09/2016
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11/09/2016

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11/09/2016




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Presentation on theme: "11/09/2016"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

1

PHY

7

11 Classical Mechanics and Mathematical Methods

11-11:50 AM MWF Olin 107

Plan for Lecture

2

9:

Chapter 10 in F & W: Surface waves

-- Non-linear contributions and

soliton

solutions

Slide2

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

2

Slide3

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

3

Slide4

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

4

p

0

h

z

x

z

y

General problem

including

non-

linearities

Surface waves in an incompressible fluid

Slide5

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

5

p

0

h

z

x

z

y

Slide6

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

6

p

0

h

z

x

z

y

z=0

Non-linear effects in surface waves:

Slide7

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

7

Detailed analysis of non-linear surface waves[Note that these derivations follow Alexander L. Fetter and John Dirk Walecka, Theoretical Mechanics of Particles and Continua (McGraw Hill, 1980), Chapt. 10.]

The surface of the fluid is described by

z=

h+

z

(

x,t

)

.

It is

assumed that

the fluid is contained in a structure (lake, river, swimming pool, etc

.) with

a

structureless

bottom defined by the

z

=

0

plane and filled

to an

equilibrium height of

z

=

h.

Slide8

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

8

Defining equations for F(x,z,t) and z(x,t)

Bernoulli equation (assuming

irrotational

flow) and gravitation

potential energy

Slide9

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

9

Boundary conditions on functions –Zero velocity at bottom of tank:

Consistent vertical velocity at water surface

Slide10

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

10

Analysis assuming water height

z is small relative tovariations in the direction of wave motion (x)Taylor’s expansion about z = 0:

Note that the zero vertical velocity at the bottom ensures that all odd derivatives

vanish

from

the Taylor expansion . In addition, the Laplace equation allows us to convert all even derivatives with respect to zto derivatives with respect to x.

Slide11

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

11

Check linearized equations and their solutions: Bernoulli equations --

Using Taylor's expansion results to lowest order

Slide12

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

12

Analysis of non-linear equations -- keeping the lowest order nonlinear terms and include up to 4th order derivatives in the linear terms.

The expressions keep the lowest order nonlinear terms and include up

to 4th

order derivatives in the linear terms

.

Slide13

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

13

Note that the wave

“speed”

c

will be consistently determined

Slide14

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

14

Integrating and re-arranging coupled equations

Slide15

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

15

Integrating and re-arranging coupled equations – continued --Expressing modified surface velocity equation in terms of h(u):

Slide16

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

16

Solution of the famous Korteweg-de Vries equationModified surface amplitude equation in terms of h

Soliton

solution

Slide17

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PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

17

Slide18

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

18

Relationship to “standard” form of Korteweg-de Vries equation

Slide19

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PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

19

More details

Slide20

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

20

Slide21

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

21

Soliton solution

Summary

Slide22

11/09/2016

PHY 711 Fall 2016 -- Lecture 29

22

Some links: Website – http://www.ma.hw.ac.uk/solitons/

Photo of canal

soliton

http://www.ma.hw.ac.uk/solitons/