The Life, the Times, the Conquests of Alexander the Great - PowerPoint Presentation

The Life, the Times, the Conquests of Alexander the Great
The Life, the Times, the Conquests of Alexander the Great

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Early Life Tutored by Aristotle Never had a close relationship with his father Consulted his mother for advice The oracle of Delphi The sacrificial victim was ready and the sacrificer at hand ID: 749557 Download Presentation

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Slide1

The Life, the Times, the Conquests of Alexander the GreatSlide2

Early Life

Tutored by AristotleNever had a close relationship with his father.Consulted his mother for advice.Slide3

The oracle of Delphi

“The sacrificial victim was ready and the sacrificer at hand.” Slide4

The possible Plot

Alexander’s mother wanted Alexander to inherit the throne. So…Slide5

Philip II of Macedonia

His death put Alexander on the throne.

He was killed by one of his own guards for personal reasons at a

theater, Alexander may have been involved. Slide6

The remains of the theaterSlide7

The sons of Philip IISlide8

1st

Order of Business: Eliminate the Competition

Alexander killed Attalus after he had made some comments about Alexander, after drinking too much wine. Attalus also had had a claim to the throne, the uncle of his father’s bride. Slide9

The sacking of Thebes

While Alexander was away, rumors spread of his death. Thebes revolted against the Macedonians.

He came back, led his soldiers, took 30,000 slaves, and burned the city. Slide10

Military conquests

Conquered much of the known world- India to Greece.Slide11

Problems with PersiaSlide12

Darius III

Leader of the Persian Empire 331 B.C.Slide13

Finding Darius III and the Persian Army

After several months of searching, Alexander found them.1,000,000 Persian soldiers.

50,000 Greeks.Slide14

Alexander was urged to attack at night but refused.Slide15

The Battle of Gaugamela

Alexander used a phalanx formation against the Persians.Slide16

Persian power

The Persians had chariots with blades attached to the wheels.Severing heads, arms, legs.Slide17
Slide18
Slide19

Darius’ Chariot could not move from the bodies around it.Slide20

Darius III escapes but is killed by his own men one month later.Slide21

Alexander Conquered the Persian capital BabylonSlide22
Slide23

A Diplomatic Union: Alexander takes a persian

wife, Roxanne

In 323

Roxanne

became pregnant but Alexander the Great died without ever seeing his son. One of Alexander's commanders,

Perdiccas, was chosen as regent for Alexander's mentally retarded brother and Alexander's son.

Perdiccas and Roxanne executed Alexander's second wife

Statira

who could have been a rival to

Roxanne

and her son.Slide24
Slide25

Effect on the Greeks?Slide26

March EastwardSlide27

An Angry Drunk

Killed his friend Clitus

during a drinking bout. Slide28

Alexander crosses the Hindu Kush MountainsSlide29

Battles in India

Hydaspes River: Alexander’s last battle.Slide30
Slide31
Slide32
Slide33

Indians have war elephants!Slide34

The lAst Battle for

alexanderSlide35

The end of Alexander

Years of drinking had weakened his immune system.Contracted a sickness in India and returned to Babylon.

Died of Typhoid Fever at the age 32.Slide36

Cities Founded by AlexanderSlide37

Blending of Cultures

Hellenistic Culture- Greek, Persian, Egyptian, and Indian.Slide38

Historians claim that alexander

was the greatest conqueror in the history of The world. Defend or refute this statement. Provide examples.

Shom More....