THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY of EUROPE

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THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY of EUROPE - Description

What makes it a Region?. Located in the Northern Hemisphere. Generally mild climate. Many languages and cultures. Dreadful common past (wars, famines, etc). Powerful and emerging economies. The Land. ID: 286834 Download Presentation

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THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY of EUROPE




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Presentations text content in THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY of EUROPE

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THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY of EUROPE

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What makes it a Region?

Located in the Northern Hemisphere

Generally mild climate

Many languages and cultures

Dreadful common past (wars, famines, etc)

Powerful and emerging economies

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The Land

Key Terms:

Glaciation

Loess

Dike

Polder

Fjord

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Places of Interest

AlpsRhine RiverPo RiverNorthern European PlainBaltic Sea

North Sea

Mediterranean Sea

British Isles

Aegean Sea

Danube River

Black Sea

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The Land: Main Idea

Europe’s Landscape has shaped the lives and settlement patterns of Europeans

Northwestern mountains rounded by erosion and

glaciation

(how glaciers form and spread)

Ex: Ben Nevis- highest peak in British Isles

Central Uplands (Iberian Peninsula to Eastern Europe)

Meseta

- Spain

Massif Central- France

Southern Europe (Jagged mountains)

Pyrenees and Alps

Alps- S. France to Balkan Peninsula

Mont Blanc- Highest peak in Alps (15, 771 ft)

Po and Rhine head waters in the Alps

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Southern Europe (cont)

Carpathian Mountains

Eastern Europe- from Slovakia to Romania

Northern European Plain

Fertile = farming

1800s- discovery of mineral deposits

Paris, and Berlin located there

Other point of interest

Great Hungarian Plain

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The Alps

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Seas, Peninsula’s and Islands

Most of Europe is about 300 miles from the sea coastGood and badNetherlands25 % of it is under sea levelForced to build dikes to hold back waterPolder- land between dikes

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Europe’s Peninsula’s

Northern Peninsula- largestScandinavian Peninsula- Caused by glaciationFjords- steep sided inletsSouthern PeninsulaMain feature = Mediterranean Sea

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Europe’s Islands

Iceland

Volcanoes, hot springs, and geysers

Hot springs provide natural heating for homes

British Isles

Great Britain, Ireland, and many small islands

Rocky cliffs; steep bays

Mediterranean Sea

Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Crete, Cyprus

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Water Systems

Rivers flow from the mountains to the coast

Used for transport, irrigation, and hydroelectric power

Different regions, different systems

Scandinavian Peninsula = short and not connected

Iberian Peninsula = narrow and shallow

England (Thames) = ships can reach the Port of London

Rhine

Most Important in Western Europe

Swiss Alps to France, Germany, and the Netherlands

Connects industrial cities to the Port of Rotterdam in the Black Sea

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Water Systems (cont)

Danube

Links southern Germany to Hungary and Romania

Natural Resources

Influence economic activity in Europe

Iron and coal led to the modernization of Europe

Coal, Iron, Oil, Natural Gas, Nuclear and Hydroelectric power

France, Sweden, Ukraine – Iron Ore

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Rhine River

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The Danube

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Climate and Vegetation

Key Terms:Permafrost, timberline, mistral, sirocco, foehn, avalancheMain IdeaLatitude, mountain barriers, wind patterns, and distance from large bodies of water influence Europe’s climateVary from cold and barren to warm and shrub covered

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Western and Southern Climate

Maritime winds shape it

North Atlantic Current – leads to mild climate

Eastern and Northern

Colder because of distant from the Atlantic Ocean

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Climate Regions

Cold in the North to dry steppe in the South

Wind, ocean currents, latitude, and landforms, all shape Europe’s climates

High – Latitudes

Cold winter; short summer

Tundra regions = have permafrost

Subarctic = coniferous

EXCEPTION

Western Norway, Iceland, and Sweden

Warmer because they are on the water

90 inches of rainfall annually, because of the Norwegian, and North Atlantic Currents

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Midlatitudes

Marine West Coast

Mild winters, cool summers, abundant rainfall

Shaped by the Gulfstream and North Atlantic Currents

Deciduous (leaves fall in Winter) and coniferous trees

Southern Europe

Mediterranean Climate

Hot, dry Summer; mild rainy Winter

Other forces

Mistral – strong wind from Northern Alps; bitterly cold winds

Siroccos – dry winds blowing in from Africa; heat wave

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Eastern Europe

Humid – continental Cold, snowy winters; hot summersAlpsHighland ClimateFoehns- winter winds that cause avalanches

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Dry Regions

Parts of S.E. and S.W. Europe

Dry steppe climate

Dry cold grassland from Hungary, Serbia, Montenegro, and Romania

Hot Summer; Extreme Winter

Meseta

81,000 sq. mi

Madrid is at its center

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Meseta

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