Elements of the Short Story:
Elements of the Short Story:

Elements of the Short Story: - PowerPoint Presentation

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Elements of the Short Story: - Description

The Plot Diagram The plot diagram is a tool that is commonly used to place a story into the order in which it is presented The beginning of the plot diagram includes what is know as the exposition In the exposition or the introduction the reader is introduced to characters in the story the s ID: 540416 Download Presentation

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citizens story man society story citizens society man world irony conflict edwards elements characters vonnegut reader harrison climax information natural free steve

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Presentation on theme: "Elements of the Short Story:"— Presentation transcript


Elements of the Short Story:

The Plot Diagram

The plot diagram is a tool that is commonly used to place a story into the order in which it is presented.

The beginning of the plot diagram includes what is know as the exposition. In the exposition, or the introduction, the reader is introduced to characters in the story, the setting of the story, as well as the overall idea of the characters’ problems in the story.

Next, you have what is known as the rising action. Here you see an increase in the driving conflict of the story, and the problems established in the exposition become more serious.

Following the rising action, you have the climax of the story. This serves as the moment in the story where the reader sees the turning point.

Once you have witnessed the climax, you have what is known as the falling action. Here the reader sees what happens to characters once the conflict has run its course.

Finally, you have the resolution. This is essentially where you learn what happens to all of the previously affected characters, and where the story ends. Slide3

Understanding Literary Elements:


Irony, by definition, is when what you least expect to happen, actually happens.

There are three types of irony in literature:

Verbal Irony – Where a character says one thing when meaning another. This is also known as sarcasm. Example: “Yay, another slide full of notes!”

Dramatic Irony – Where the reader knows something that the characters in the story don’t know. Example: The death scene in

Romeo and Juliet


Situational Irony – When what actually happens is the opposite of what was expected. Example: Bill Gates uses an Apple computer.Slide4

Understanding Literary Elements:


In literature, there are multiple types of conflict that characters face.

Man vs. Man

– Example: Anyone involved in an altercation with another person.

Man vs. Self

– Example: Steve is torn on taking notes. Steve, help Steve make the right choice!

Man vs. Society

– Example: The government, man.

Man vs. Nature

– Example: Any natural disaster ever, or something as simple as snow.

Man vs. Supernatural

– Ghosts, or any occurrence that cannot be rationally explained

Man vs. Technology

– Example : The TerminatorSlide5

Journal Entry : September 10, 2015

Provide an example of a young adult novel that centers its storyline around a dystopian society.

What are noticeable elements that are found in these novels?

3-5 sentence responseSlide6

Utopian Society Traits

Information, independent thought, and freedom are promoted.

A figurehead or concept brings the citizens of the society together, but not treated as singular.

Citizens are truly free to think independently.

Citizens have no fear of the outside world.

Citizens live in a harmonious state.

The natural world is embraced and revered.

Citizens embrace social and moral ideals. Individuality and innovation are welcomed.

The society evolves with change to make a perfect utopian world. Slide7

Dystopian Society Traits

Propaganda is used to control the citizens of society.

Information, independent thought, and freedom are restricted.

A figurehead or concept is worshipped by the citizens of the society.

Citizens are perceived to be under constant surveillance.

Citizens have a fear of the outside world.

Citizens live in a dehumanized state.

The natural world is banished and distrusted.

Citizens conform to uniform expectations. Individuality and dissent are bad.

The society is an illusion of a perfect utopian world. Slide8

“Harrison Bergeron”

by Kurt Vonnegut

Relevant information about Vonnegut:

Acclaimed as one of the most satiric writers in the history of American Literature.

His short stories / novels deal with reoccurring themes : war, brutality, and fear of technology.

During World War II, Vonnegut was kept as a prisoner of war. His novel,

Slaughterhouse Five

, is a fictional retelling of this experience. Slide9


Harrison Bergeron”

Summarize the main conflict in “Harrison Bergeron.” How is the conflict resolved? How does this resolution help make the story successful?

Climax – What is the climax of the story?


Theme -

What is Vonnegut saying about improving society by


everyone average? Support your opinion with evidence from the story


When Harrison Bergeron is completely free from his handicaps, he defies the laws of gravity and motion. What might Vonnegut be suggesting about the potential of free human beings?

Describe two elements from the story that categorizes it as a dystopian work. Provide examples from the text.Slide10

Journal Entry : September 14, 2015Slide11

Jonathan Edwards & The Great Awakening

Jonathan Edwards is considered by many to be the greatest theologian and philosopher of British-American Puritanism.

Being that Jonathan was the son of two ministers/pastors, it was more of a birthright that brought him to ministry.

After a very religiously rigorous home life, Edwards began studying his calling at Yale University at the age of 13. He stayed around New York for 10 years, earning his M.A. by the age of 23.

He married his wife Sarah


, and they had 11 children.

Edwards hit the peak of his ministry during the time of The Great Awakening (1740-42). He travelled along side George Whitefield and Gilbert


, and provided messages that were often “messages of terror,” such as “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” (1741).Slide12


In 1750, Edwards was removed from his own congregation due to a change in beliefs over time. Is inconsistency was believed to have happened by simply “falling out of direct contact with God,” and “having too much personal interpretation of the word.”