Dates, Periodization and region practice
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Dates, Periodization and region practice

Using your skills: Habits of Mind. Using themes, Regions and Periodization to Develop Free response topic. Themes. Periodizations. Regions. Theme 1. : Interaction Between Humans and the Environment. Theme 2.

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Dates, Periodization and region practice




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Presentation on theme: "Dates, Periodization and region practice"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Dates, Periodization and region practice

Slide2

Using your skills: Habits of Mind

Using themes, Regions and Periodization to Develop Free response topic

Themes

Periodizations

Regions

Theme 1

: Interaction Between Humans and the Environment

Theme 2

: Development and Interaction of Cultures

Theme 3

: State-Building, Expansion, and Conflict

Theme 4

: Creation, Expansion, and Interaction of Economic Systems

Theme 5

: Development and Transformation of Social Structures

Founations-600 B.C.E (5%)

600 B.C.E-600 C.E(15%)

600-1450(20%)

1450-1750(20%)

1750-1900(20%)

1900- present(20%)

East Asia

South Asia ( and SE Asia)

Central Asia

Middle East

East Europe

Western Europe

Sub-Saharan Africa

North

America

Latin America

Slide3

History-Culture-Location

North America

Latin AmericaWest EuropeEast EuropeEast AsiaCentral AsiaSouth/South East AsiaMiddle EastSub-Saharan Africa

Slide4

Slide5

Political- Economic-Geographic

East Asia-

isolated by Gobi, Himalaya and PacificSouth Asia- sub-continent along Indian ocean( monsoon winds) centrally locatedLatin America- because of European imperialism and culture diffused ( language and religion)West and East Europe- divide politically and culturally after the fall of Rome ( later Communism became important between East and West)Central Asia- the traditional area of the nomadic steppe peoples ( Turks, Huns, Mongols, etc.)Sub-Saharan Africa-

connected through trans- Sahara trade, isolated by desert for many years

Middle East-

ethnocentric designation (U.S) also called South West Asia, noted by trade, civilization and religion (90% Muslim)

North America-

politically and culturally different than Latin America by Northern European colonization and identified by Canada, the U..S and Mexico which is also part of Latin America

Maps help historians conceptualize world history by identifying the ethnocentric bias of regions based on political perspective (Middle East), evaluation the economic resources of the region and their value (South Asia) and by identifying the dominant cultural traits of language and religion of the territory (Latin America

)

Slide6

How does this apply to MC?

Slide7

Slide8

What about essays?

COMP: Evaluate the comparative role of nomadic pastoralists on sedentary societies 600 B.C.E-1450 C.E in two of the following regions (Middle East, West Europe, East Asia)

COMP: Evaluate the role of gender in one of the following regions from 1450-1900 (Latin America. East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa)COMP: Assess the role of two interregional trade networks and evaluate the transmission of culture,language, technology and/or disease 600 B.C.E-1750 C.E)COT: Evaluate the role of Empires in one of the following regions 1450-1900 ( West Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, East Asia, Middle East)COT: Assess the role of belief systems in one of the following regions 600 B.C.E-600 C.E ( Middle East, East Asia, South Asia)COT: Analyze the role of cities in one of the following regions 600-1600( Middle East, Latin America, East Asia, Europe)

Slide9

During the Paleolithic era, human beings were said to have migrated out of this region based on the earliest found archaeological evidence also known as the Noah’s Ark thesis

Africa ( Sub-Saharan)

Slide10

Iron metallurgy was developed in this region and served to develop a pattern of conquest that would continue through the 1914-present Periodization

Middle East

Slide11

Pilgrims would take silk route and Indian Ocean passageways to journey to the

Bhodi tree said to be the sight of enlightenment for Siddhartha Gautama in this region

South Asia

Slide12

St. Cyril and other Byzantine missionaries will take the Bosporus strait and Black sea routes to bring Orthodox Christianity to this region

East Europe

Slide13

Through Iberian conquest and subsequent European imperialism, a racist

castas system would be employed in this region known for its vast sources of gold, silver and abundant foodstuffs (potatoes, tomatoes, corn, etc.)

Latin America

Slide14

This arid steppe region saw migratory patterns of “barbaric” horsemen who served historically as both conquerors as well as middlemen along the various silk route passageways

Central Asia

Slide15

This region because of its vast coal deposits, governmental support of the enclosure movements and religious tolerance policies facilitated the first global age of industrialism

Western Europe

Slide16

The traditional ethnocentric, xenophobic and isolated characteristics of this region will contribute to European hegemony of its territories in the 19

th century

East Asia

Slide17

This region was first inhabited when Asians crossed the Bering Strait “land-bridge” establishing a pattern of global migration that would increase a hundred-fold in the 19

th and early 20

th centuries because of lenient immigration policiesNorth America

Slide18

Globalization has led to the rise of

malquidoras (foreign owned businesses) a flood of emigration and the backlash of Socialist leaders like Morales, Castro and Chavez

Latin America

Slide19

Turning-point Dates

The American Revolution begins

Discovery of the New WorldEnd of the Zheng He voyagesFall of the Byzantine EmpireFall of the Western Roman Empire

Invention of the steam engine

Mongol conquest of Eurasia

Rise of Islam

Split of the Christian Church

Start of World War I

476 CE

610 CE

1054 CE

13

th

century

1433 CE

1453 CE

1492 CE

1770 CE

1775 CE

1914 CE

Slide20

: Turning-point Dates

The American Revolution begins – I

Discovery of the New World – G End of the Zheng He voyages – E Fall of the Byzantine Empire – F

Fall of the Western Roman Empire – A

Invention of the steam engine – H

Mongol conquest of Eurasia – D

Rise of Islam – B

Split of the Christian Church – C

Start of World War I – J

476 CE

610 CE

1054 CE

13

th

century

1433 CE

1453 CE

1492 CE

1770 CE

1775 CE

1914 CE

Slide21

AP Regions Map

STUDY THIS MAP!!!

You do NOT want to be the student who mixes up the regions on test day.

Slide22

: Post-Classical Regions

Events

RegionArrival of Islam, caste system, trade cotton textiles

Chinampas, human sacrifice, tribute system

Mostly Buddhist, arrival of Islam, Hindu temples, spice trade

Mummification, mita, quipu

Ruled by Vikings, Orthodox Christian, invaded by Mongols

East Africa

East Asia

Eastern Europe

Mesoamerica

Middle East

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

Western Europe

Slide23

Post-Classical Regions

Events

RegionSupport Buddhism, feudalism, invaded by Mongols

Rise of Islam, attacked by Christians, invaded by Mongols

Arrival of Islam, city-states, trade gold and exotic animals

Arrival of Islam, trade gold and salt, three major empires

Attacked by Arabs and Vikings, feudalism, manorialism

East Africa

East Asia

Eastern Europe

Mesoamerica

Middle East

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

Western Europe

Slide24

Round 2 Answers

H South Asia

D & F Mesoamerica & North AmericaI Southeast AsiaG South America

C Eastern Europe

B East Asia

E Middle East

A East Africa

J West Africa

K Western Europe

Slide25

Regions

Abbasid Caliphate

Han DynastyMauryan DynastyMali Empire

Mongol Empire

Ottoman Empire

Portuguese Empire

Roman Empire

Spanish Empire

Song Dynasty

East Asia

Eastern Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

Western Europe

Slide26

Answers

Abbasid Caliphate – D, E

Han Dynasty – A, I (Vietnam)Mauryan Dynasty – H Mali Empire – J

Mongol Empire – A, B, D

Ottoman Empire – B, D, E

Portuguese Empire – C, G, H, I, J,K

Roman Empire – B, D, E, K

Spanish Empire – C, F, G, I, K

Song Dynasty - A

East Asia

East. Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

West. Europe

Slide27

Events

1.The

Russian and Ottoman Empires collapse.2. Persian empires create highly centralized empires with the king as a deity.3. European Christianity forms syncretic religious beliefs with indigenous Latin American andCaribbean faiths.4. The Russian Empire emancipates serfs in order to create a new labor force.5. Vedic traditions were codified into patterns of rituals and sacrifices in South Asia.6. The Chinese invade Vietnam, discover quick-ripening champa rice, and experience apopulation increase.7. A slave revolt in the Caribbean creates a free black republic.8. An exchange of crops, culture, animals, and disease pathogens begins between Afro-Eurasia

and the Americas.

9. Migrating Huns add to the decline of empires in South Asia, East Asia, and Europe.

10. South Asia is partitioned into two states because of irreconcilable religious differences

East Asia

East. Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

West. Europe

Slide28

What about periodization

1.The Russian and Ottoman Empires

collapse.B,D2. Persian empires create highly centralized empires with the king as a deity.D3. European Christianity forms syncretic religious beliefs with indigenous Latin American andCaribbean faiths.K,C,J4. The Russian Empire emancipates serfs in order to create a new labor force.B5. Vedic traditions were codified into patterns of rituals and sacrifices in South Asia.H

6. The Chinese invade Vietnam, discover quick-ripening champa rice, and experience a

population

increase.B,I

7. A slave revolt in the Caribbean creates a free black

republic.C

8. An exchange of crops, culture, animals, and disease pathogens begins between Afro-Eurasia

and the Americas

. All

9. Migrating Huns add to the decline of empires in South Asia, East Asia, and Europe

.(from Central Asia)

10. South Asia is partitioned into two states because of irreconcilable religious

differences H

East Asia

East. Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

West. Europe

Slide29

Regions ( and periodization?)

1.Pastorialism

and agriculture emerge and increase human populations.2.. Groups such as the Marathas in South Asia and the Taiping in East Asia challenge imperial rule.3.. As women gain some economic rights in European guilds, the yoke of patriarchy becomes more intense in China.4.. Religious fundamentalism forms in the Americas and Middle East as reactions to, respectively, new scientific theories and political frustrations.

5..

In several major civilizations, there are changes in the power of elites who serve

as intermediaries

between the ruler and the ruled (i.e., zamindars, boyars)

6..

Confucianism is adopted as the official state ideology for entry into China’s bureaucracy.

7.Experiments

in state managed economies take place in China and Russia.

8..

Rather than a unified Dar al Islam, Muslim civilization is characterized by several

empires strengthened

by their use of firearms.

9.Major

trade cities include Novgorod, Timbuktu, Malacca, and Kilwa.

10.Banana

Republics, whose economies focused on a single export, formed in Latin America.

East Asia

East. Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

West. Europe

Slide30

What about periodization?

1.Pastorialism and agriculture emerge and increase human populations

. all2.. Groups such as the Marathas in South Asia and the Taiping in East Asia challenge imperial rule. A,H3.. As women gain some economic rights in European guilds, the yoke of patriarchy becomes more intense in China.A4.. Religious fundamentalism forms in the Americas and Middle East as reactions to, respectively, new scientific theories and political frustrations.D,F

5.. In several major civilizations, there are changes in the power of elites who serve

as intermediaries

between the ruler and the ruled (i.e., zamindars, boyars

) H,B

6.. Confucianism is adopted as the official state ideology for entry into China’s bureaucracy

. A

7.Experiments in state managed economies take place in China and

Russia.A,B

8.. Rather than a unified Dar al Islam, Muslim civilization is characterized by several

empires strengthened

by their use of

firearms.D,S

9.Major trade cities include Novgorod, Timbuktu, Malacca, and

Kilwa.East Africa

10.Banana Republics, whose economies focused on a single export, formed in Latin

America.C

East Asia

East. Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

West. Europe

Slide31

Periodization's

1. The

Grand Canal, a major state funded project to stimulate the economy, is created by the Sui Dynasty in China.2. The development of systems of writing lead to literary traditions, such as the Rig Veda and Homer’s Epics.3. After the Battle of Talas, paper technology spreads from the Chinese to the Muslims.4. After being humiliated by the British, China experiences a massive millenarian rebellionagainst the rule of foreign Manchus.5.

Global power structure is characterized by a bi-polar struggle between opposing economic

ideologies.

6.

After Mohammad’s visions, Islam unifies Arab people and creates a durable monotheistic

civilization.

7.

An influx of American silver funds monumental architecture in Mughal India, such as the Taj

Mahal.

8.

Arabic numerals and Greek scholarship pass to Europe after Christian military campaigns to

take Jerusalem from Muslims.

9.

National identities form out of common cultural, ethnic, linguistic or religious traits.

10.

Civilizations emerge mainly in river valleys.

A-10,000 B.C.E-600 B.C.E

B- 600 B.C.E- 600 C.E

C- 600-1450

D- 1450-1750

E- 1750-1900

F- 1900- Present

Slide32

Regions?

1.

The Grand Canal, a major state funded project to stimulate the economy, is created by the Sui Dynasty in China.C2. The development of systems of writing lead to literary traditions, such as the Rig Veda and Homer’s Epics.B3. After the Battle of Talas, paper technology spreads from the Chinese to the Muslims.C4. After being humiliated by the British, China experiences a massive millenarian rebellion against the rule of foreign Manchus.E

5. Global power structure is characterized by a bi-polar struggle between opposing

economic ideologies.F

6. After Mohammad’s visions, Islam unifies Arab people and creates a durable

monotheistic civilization.C

7. An influx of American silver funds monumental architecture in Mughal India, such as the

Taj Mahal. D

8. Arabic numerals and Greek scholarship pass to Europe after Christian military campaigns

to take

Jerusalem from

Muslims.C

9. National identities form out of common cultural, ethnic, linguistic or religious

traits.E,F

10. Civilizations emerge mainly in river

valleys.A

A-10,000 B.C.E-600 B.C.E

B- 600 B.C.E- 600 C.E

C- 600-1450

D- 1450-1750

E- 1750-1900

F- 1900- Present

Slide33

!.Global

commerce is so interconnected that states become less relevant.

2.. Greek colonies facilitate an exchange of commerce and culture in the Mediterranean.3. Europeans learn the astrolabe from Muslims, develop the caravel, and navigate around the southern tip of Africa.4. Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta travel and interpret the world through their cultural lenses.5. Colonial economies in the Americas depend on a wide range of coerced labor.6. The Eurasian Silk Roads are the dominant trade system in the world.

7.

Japan is pulled out of its isolation, quickly industrializes, and is accepted as an equal

power by

the empires of Europe.

8.

Trading blocks of nations form; global organizations emerge to facilitate trade.

9.

The Manchus overthrow the Ming and establish the Qing dynasty in China.

10.

Buddhist and Daoist ideas blend with Confucianism to form Neo-Confucianism, the

new state

ideology in China

.

A-10,000 B.C.E-600 B.C.E

B- 600 B.C.E- 600 C.E

C- 600-1450

D- 1450-1750

E- 1750-1900

F- 1900- Present

Slide34

Regions?

Global commerce is so interconnected that states become less

relevant.F2.. Greek colonies facilitate an exchange of commerce and culture in the Mediterranean.B3. Europeans learn the astrolabe from Muslims, develop the caravel, and navigate around the southern tip of Africa.D4. Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta travel and interpret the world through their cultural lenses.C5. Colonial economies in the Americas depend on a wide range of coerced labor.D,E

6. The Eurasian Silk Roads are the dominant trade system in the

world.B,C

7. Japan is pulled out of its isolation, quickly industrializes, and is accepted as an equal

power by

the empires of

Europe E.

8. Trading blocks of nations form; global organizations emerge to facilitate

trade.F

9. The Manchus overthrow the Ming and establish the Qing dynasty in

China.D

10. Buddhist and Daoist ideas blend with Confucianism to form Neo-Confucianism, the new state ideology in

China

.C

A-10,000 B.C.E-600 B.C.E

B- 600 B.C.E- 600 C.E

C- 600-1450

D- 1450-1750

E- 1750-1900

F- 1900- Present

Slide35

Choose periodization (s)

1.Daoism

influences Chinese culture in the areas of architecture, poetry, and medicalpractices.2.. Surpluses of food first lead to stratified, patriarchal societies.3.. Colonization is intensified by evolutionary theories of race.4.. The Ottoman army, based on conscripted janissaries, clash with their Shia Safavid neighbors.5.. A collection of city-states along the east coast of Africa reach their peak in Indian

Ocean trade

.

6..

Mauryans develop a centralized state in South Asia; the Gupta create advanced

numbering systems

and mathematics.

7..

Trade is facilitated by paper currency in Asia, and bills of exchange and credit in the Dar

al Islam

.

8.The

new Russian Empire encourages peasant settlement into its eastern regions.

9.Global

conflicts reap unprecedented civilian casualties.

10..

Christianity and Buddhism are codified in core civilizations while shamanism and

animism continue

to thrive outside of them.

A-10,000 B.C.E-600 B.C.E

B- 600 B.C.E- 600 C.E

C- 600-1450

D- 1450-1750

E- 1750-1900

F- 1900- Present

Slide36

Regions?

1.Daoism influences Chinese culture in the areas of architecture, poetry, and

medical practices. B2.. Surpluses of food first lead to stratified, patriarchal societies.A3.. Colonization is intensified by evolutionary theories of race.E some D4.. The Ottoman army, based on conscripted janissaries, clash with their Shia Safavid neighbors.D5.. A collection of city-states along the east coast of Africa reach their peak in Indian Ocean trade.C

6.. Mauryans develop a centralized state in South Asia; the Gupta create advanced numbering systems and

mathematics.B

7.. Trade is facilitated by paper currency in Asia, and bills of exchange and credit in the Dar al

Islam.C

8.The new Russian Empire encourages peasant settlement into its eastern

regions.D

9.Global conflicts reap unprecedented civilian

casualties.F

10.. Christianity and Buddhism are codified in core civilizations while shamanism and animism continue to thrive outside of

them B

A-10,000 B.C.E-600 B.C.E

B- 600 B.C.E- 600 C.E

C- 600-1450

D- 1450-1750

E- 1750-1900

F- 1900- Present

Slide37

Periodization Vocabulary

intensive cultivation

irrigation systemskarmaMandate of Heavenmonogamypaganpastoral/ pastoralismpatriarchy/patriarchal systemspolygamyrecord keepingEast Asia

East. Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

West. Europe

Slide38

600 B.C.E-600 C.E

Ancestor veneration

AnimismBodhisattvacaste systemCity-stateClassicalCodificationDao/taoDiaspora/diasporic communitiesEnlightenmentEast Asia

East. Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

West. Europe

Slide39

600-1450

Khan/ Khanates

Kow towLittle Ice AgeManorialismMit’aNeoconfucianismNobility/daimyo/zamindarsPapacyQuipuSamurai/Salaried samuraiSerfs/Serfdom

East Asia

East. Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

West. Europe

Slide40

1450-1750

Absolutism

AstrolabeAtlantic slave tradeBalance of powerBiological diffusionBoyarscodicescolonies/colonization/colonial administrationsColumbian ExchangeConduitsConquistadoresCreoles/Criollos

East Asia

East. Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

West. Europe

Slide41

1750-1900

Neocolonialism

Pre-industrialProletariatRacismRaw materials/production and export of singlenatural resources (Cotton, Rubber, Palm oil,Sugar, Wheat, Meat, Guano, Metals andminerals)Rebellion/revoltReforms (State pensions, public health, suffrage,Public education)Reforms in imperial policies (The Tanzimatmovement, The Self-Strengthening Movement)Revolutions

Self- Strengthening Movement (China)

East Asia

East. Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

West. Europe

Slide42

1900 Present

Pacific Rim

PerestroikaPopular culture (Dada, SocialistRealism)Population resettlements/partitionPropagandaproxy warsQuébécois separatist movementRedistribute land and resourcesRefugeepopulations/displacement ofpeoplesRegional trade agreements orblocs (e.g. European Union,NAFTA, ASEAN

East Asia

East. Europe

Latin America

Middle East

North Africa

North America

South America

South Asia

Southeast Asia

West Africa

West. Europe

Slide43