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Knowledge for Equity Conference

November 13, 2012. U.S. Department of Education . Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services . National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research . Federal Sources for Disability Statistics .

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Knowledge for Equity Conference






Presentation on theme: "Knowledge for Equity Conference"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Knowledge for Equity ConferenceNovember 13, 2012U.S. Department of Education Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research

Federal Sources for Disability Statistics Slide2

What’s The National Institute On Disability and Rehabilitation?Located In the Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services (OSERS)Small-$111 million annual budget.Staff of 40.Fund disability research

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics CenterSlide3

What is NIDRR and What does it do?Legislative authority:Title II, Rehabilitation act of 1973, as amended.Mission-generate new knowledge and promoting effective use of knowledge to improve the lives of people with disabilities.Expand society’s capacity to improve the opportunities and accommodations for its citizens with disabilityFor more information on NIDRR go to its

website

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics CenterSlide4

The scope of NIDRR mandateFund grants that conduct research, training and product technological products to improve the lives people with disabilities. NIDRR’s core outcome areasEmployment/Work SupportCommunity Living and ParticipationHealth and FunctionCross-cutting ResponsibilitiesTechnology/Engineering

Disability Statistics

Cross-cutting Collaboration (ED-OSERS, RSA, HHS, Social Security, DOJ, VA, Treasury, EEOC, NIST, DOD)

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics CenterSlide5

Disability Statistics.One of NIDRR’s ten funding mechanism’s are the Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTC)Supports the STATS-RRTC at Hunter College.http://disabilitycompendium.orgPreviously this Center was located at Cornell University. NIDRR no longer funds this center, but this is still one of the best sources for disability statistics

http://www.disabilitystatistics.org

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics CenterSlide6

No One Data Set Covers All Data NeedsAmerican Community Survey (ACS) Conducted by the U.S. by the U.S. Census Bureau.Annual survey of 3 million addresses in the U.S.Objectives

Provide federal, state and local government agencies with information

Replaced the replaced the decennial Census long form.

Provides timely annual data on housing, social and economic statistics that can be compared across states, communities and population groups.Slide7

ACS –Disability QuestionsACS disability questions used to identify the population with disability.Six questions-new in 2008. These questions are now used by the Current Population Survey (CPS), and decennial Census and HHS’ Healthy People 2020 recommendation for inclusion in all future population health surveys.Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics CenterSlide8

Defining Disability-ACS six questionsHearing Disability (asked of all ages)Question 16a. Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?Visual Disability (asked of all ages) 16b. Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?Cognitive Disability (asked of persons age 5 or older)

17a. Because of a physical, mental or emotional condition does this person have difficulty concentration, remembering, or making decisions?

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics CenterSlide9

Defining Disability-continuedAmbulatory disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older)17b. Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?Self-Care disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older)17c. Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?Independent living disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older)

18. Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping?

Overall disability in the U.S. Population is determined by the number of people reporting one or more of the six disability types.

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics CenterSlide10

Other National Disability Data SourcesCurrent Population Survey (CPS) The CPS has the advantage of being the most comprehensive measure of employment information for the U.S. from 1981 on. Tracks employment status.Conducted by the Census Bureau for BLS. Monthly, periodic and annual sample survey of 50,000 households in the U.S.

Before 2008 used question about disability-related work limitations.

Decennial Census

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics CenterSlide11

2010 CensusSpecial EEO File Available December 31,2012Disability data will be released as part of the EEO file.This will include disability data by age, race, sex, education, income, detailed occupation, employment, unemployment.Geographic data available for counties, SMSA’s and the U.S.

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics CenterSlide12

Other National Disability Data Sources-continued. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)–Focuses on aspects of health status of the population and use of health services.Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP)Survey conducted by Census

Provides key data about source and amount of income, program participation. Measures the effectiveness of existing federal, state and local programs, estimates future costs and coverage of government programs, such as food stamps. Provides measures of economic well being.

Behavioral Risk Factor

Surveillance System

(BRFSS)

O

bjective

of BRFSS is to collect uniform, state specific data on preventive health practices and risk behaviors that are linked to chronic diseases, injuries, and preventable infectious diseases that affect the adult population.

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics CenterSlide13

Questions and Cautions When Using Disability DataWhat is the purpose of the survey and how does it define disability?What level of data does the survey provide?Use caution when comparing data among different surveys.

Be careful when comparing data from one year to the next.Slide14

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics Center

14

14

Disability Prevalence Rate in Population

Ages 5+: 2010

14.9%

People With

Disabilities*

(36,399,700)

or 11.9%

People

Without

Disabilities

(305,353,600)

88.1%

*Does not include

people living in

Institutions.Slide15

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics Center

P

revalence (Current Population Survey)

Summary of Current Data

In 2008, 7.2 percent of people aged 18-64 reported a work limitation. This percentage represented

a total of 14.0 million people.

Source CPS using work limitation question to identify those with a disability.

CPS is now

using ACS disability definitions.

.Slide16

Persons with Substantial Disability as % of Projected US Population

Persons with Substantial Disability as % of Population Between 20 and 64yrs

16

Source: RRTC Stats calculations for 2010 (American Community Survey) with future estimates applying distribution of disability by age cohort to projections of US population by age (Census Bureau).

Nation and NIDRR Face Challenges in DisabilitySlide17

Prevalence Rate of Overall Disability by Age: 2010The prevalence of disability in the US was: 3.3 percent for persons ages 4 and under;5.1 percent for persons ages 5 to 15;5.4 percent for persons ages 16 to 20;

10.3 percent for persons ages 21 to 64;;

25.5 percent for persons ages 65 to 74; and

50.5 percent for persons ages 75.Slide18

Source: American Community SurveyDisability Prevalence Rates, by Gender: 2010Slide19

Source: American Community SurveyDisability Prevalence Rates, by Race: 2010Slide20

Source: American Community SurveyMedian Annual Earnings of Working-Age People (21 to 64) In 2010, the median earnings of working-age people with disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in the U.S. was $35,900.

In 2010, the median earnings of working-age people without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in the U.S. was $41,360.

In 2010, the difference in the median earnings between working-age people with and without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year was $5,460.Slide21

Employment (full-time) Ages 21-64 Without 55.3% or 88,473,800 of 160,120,800 With a disability 21%, or 3,842,300 of 18, 348,600Visual 24 %Hearing 35 %

Ambulatory 15 %

Cognitive 11 %

Self-Care 8.9%

Independent living 7.3%

Source: American Community SurveySlide22

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics CenterComparison of Median Household Income Between People With Disabilities and Those Without: 2010Slide23

Source: American Community SurveyPoverty Gap for the Population with DisabilitiesIn 2010, poverty rates were as follows:

People without disabilities- 11.9 percent

People with disabilities- 27.0 percent

The gap between rates for people with disabilities and those without was 15.1 percent.Slide24

Source: American Community Survey; Slide courtesy of Cornell University Disability Statistics Center

Summary of Current Data

In 2007, there was no disability subgroup with more than 10 percent of people having at least a bachelor’s degree, with people with sensory disabilities having the highest percentage with at least a bachelor’s degree, at 9.6 percent. Slide25

Summary of Findings Presented HereDisability prevalence rates vary by geography, age, gender, race, and ethnicity.Individuals with disabilities areIncreasing in number;Include persons of all race/ethnic groups.

Less likely to have a college degree;

When employed, likely to earn less than persons without disabilities; and

More likely to live in poverty.Slide26

Improved Disability DataChallenges include:A constrained funding environment–keeping what we have;

Avoiding duplication of research efforts; and

Developing and implementing a new national survey on disability

Promising efforts include:

Revised ACS questions and inclusion of individuals living in

Group Quarters; and

New CPS questions on disability.Slide27

My Contact InformationDoris Werwie, Ph.D.

National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)

Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

U.S. Department of Education

Phone: 202-245-6564

E-mail:

Doris.Werwie@ed.gov