Asrar Altuwairqi Aphasia - PowerPoint Presentation

Asrar   Altuwairqi Aphasia
Asrar   Altuwairqi Aphasia

Asrar Altuwairqi Aphasia - Description


What is Aphasia Aphasia type What causes aphasia Sing and symptoms Fact about aphasia Aphasia assessment Aphasia management Out line Acquired communication disorder results from damage to portions of the  ID: 914696 Download Presentation

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Slide1

Asrar Altuwairqi

Aphasia

Slide2

What is Aphasia? Aphasia

type

What causes aphasiaSing and symptoms Fact about aphasiaAphasia assessmentAphasia management

Out line

Slide3

- Acquired

communication disorder results from damage to portions of the brain that are responsible for language (impairs a person's ability to process language). For most people, These areas are located in the left hemisphere.  - The disorder impairs the expression and understanding of language as well as reading and writing What is aphasia

Slide4

Aphasia type

Syndrome Type

CharacteristicNonfluent AphasiaBroc’s

Transcortical

motor

Global

Agrammatism

; effortful articulation of phrase length utterance; impaired prosody

and intonation ; apraxia of speech; good comprehension

Little to no initiation of spontaneous speech; output similar to

Broca’s

but excellent imitation (even long utterances), relatively intact comprehension.

Severe deficits in all area of language comprehension and production.

Slide5

Syndrome Type

Characteristic

Fluent AphasiaWernike’s Conduction

Anomic

Fluent but often

meaningless speech (jargon); good articulation, intonation, and prosody; impaired comprehension.

Relatively fluent speech; marked difficulty with imitation; good language comprehension

Significant word-finding difficulties in the presence of otherwise fluent and grammatical speech; good comprehension

Type of aphasia (

cont’)

Slide6

Aphasia usually occurs suddenly, often as the result of a 

stroke

 or head injury, but it may also develop slowly, as in the case of a brain tumor, an infection, or dementia.. Aphasia may co-occur with speech disorders such as dysarthria or apraxia of speech, which also result from brain damage.Aphasia causes

Slide7

inability to comprehend language

inability to 

pronounce, not due to muscle paralysis or weaknessinability to speak spontaneouslyinability to form wordsinability to name objectsinability to repeat a phrase

Sing and symptoms

Slide8

paraphasia (substituting letters, syllables or words)

agrammatism

 (inability to speak in a grammatically correct fashion)dysprosody (alterations in inflexion, stress, and rhythm)incomplete sentencesinability to readinability to 

write

limited verbal output

difficulty in naming

Speech disorder

Sing and symptoms continue

Slide9

Anyone can acquire aphasia, including children, but most people who have aphasia are

middle-aged or older

. Men and women are equally affected. Can a Person Have Aphasia Without Having a Physical Disability but many people with aphasia also have weakness or paralysis of their right leg and right arm. The person's intelligence is basically intact

Fact about

aphasia

Slide10

purposes of Language Assessment

Differential Diagnosis - It is necessary to determine whether a patient's language dysfunction is aphasia or something else.

Does the patient possess a speech or language impairment?Is this impairment aphasia?If the primary disorder is aphasia, what is its type and severity?

Aphasia assessment

Slide11

Determination

of Level of Functional Communication

to provide a reasonable basis for the design and implementation of an individual treatment program. What is the prognosis for recovery?Assessment cot’

Slide12

Assessment area:1- Spontaneous speech

2- Auditory Verbal Comprehension

A. yes/no questions B. Auditory word recognition C. Sequential commands 3- Repetition 4- Naming A. Object naming B. Word fluency C. Sentence completion D. Responsive speech

Assessment (

cont

’)

Slide13

5- Reading A. R

eading - comprehension of sentences

B. Reading - commands C. Written - word stimulus- object –choice matching D. Written – stimulus – picture – choice matching E. Picture stimulus –written word – choice matching F. Spoken words – written word - choice matching G. Letter discrimination

H. Spelled word recognition

I. Spelling

Assessment (

cont

’)

Slide14

6- Writing A. Writing on request

B.

Written output C. Writing to dictation D. Writing dictated or visually presented words E. Alphabet and number F. Dictated letters and numbers G. copying of words of a sentence

Assessment (

cont

’)

Slide15

Apraxia of speech is

an 

oral motor speech disorder affecting an individual's ability to translate conscious speech plans into motor plans, which results in limited and difficult speech ability.it may cause difficulty:- Producing the desired speech sound.- Using the correct rhythm and rate of speaking.Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder. The muscles of the mouth, face, and respiratory system may become weak, move slowly, or not move at all after a stroke or other brain injury

 

Deferential diagnosis

Slide16

if the brain damage is mild, a person may recover language skills without treatment. However, most people undergo speech and language therapy to rehabilitate their language skills and supplement their communication experiences. Researchers are currently investigating the use of medications, alone or in combination with speech therapy, to help people with aphasia.

Speech and language rehabilitation

Recovery of language skills is usually a relatively slow process. Although most people make significant progress, few people regain full pre-injury communication levels. In aphasia, speech and language therapy:Starts early. Therapy is most effective when it begins soon after the brain injury.Builds on success. The speech-language pathologist uses exercises to improve and practice communication skills. These may begin with simpler tasks such as naming objects and evolve into more complex exercises of explaining the purpose of an object.

Aphasia treatment

Slide17

Shifts focus. The speech-language pathologist might teach the person ways to compensate for the language impairment and to communicate more effectively with gestures or drawings. Some people with aphasia may use a book or board with pictures and words to help them recall commonly used words or help them when they're stuck.

Often works in groups.

 In a group setting, people with aphasia can try out their communication skills in a safe environment. Participants can practice initiating conversations, speaking in turn, clarifying misunderstandings and fixing conversations that have completely broken down.May include outings. Participating in real-life situations — such as going to a restaurant or a grocery store — puts rehabilitation efforts into practice.May include use of computers. Using computer-assisted therapy can be especially helpful for relearning verbs and word sounds (phonemes 

Treatment

cont

Slide18

THANK YOU

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