/
Artificial Intelligence Aoccdrnig Artificial Intelligence Aoccdrnig

Artificial Intelligence Aoccdrnig - PowerPoint Presentation

stefany-barnette
stefany-barnette . @stefany-barnette
Follow
384 views
Uploaded On 2018-11-13

Artificial Intelligence Aoccdrnig - PPT Presentation

to rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy it deosnt mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and ID: 728585

artificial intelligence computers systems intelligence artificial systems computers chapter human www brain youtube http amp feature natural language watch

Share:

Link:

Embed:


Presentation Transcript

Slide1

Artificial IntelligenceSlide2

Aoccdrnig to rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht

oredr

the

ltteers

in a

wrod

are, the

olny

iprmoatnt

tihng

is

taht

the

frist

and

lsat

ltteer

be at the

rghit

pclae

. The

rset

can be a

toatl

mses

and you can

sitll

raed

it

wouthit

a

porbelm

.

Tihs

is

bcuseae

the

huamn

mnid

deos

not

raed

ervey

lteter

by

istlef

, but the

wrod

as a

wlohe

. Slide3

Overview of Artificial Intelligence (1)Artificial intelligence (AI)Computers with the ability to mimic or duplicate the functions of the human brainArtificial intelligence systemsThe people, procedures, hardware, software, data, and knowledge needed to develop computer systems and machines that demonstrate the characteristics of intelligenceSlide4

This gives us four possible goals to pursue in

artificial

intelligence:

Systems that think like humans.

Systems that think rationally.

Systems that act like humans

Systems that act rationallySlide5

Vision

Vision

Brain Work

Understanding

Natural LanguageSlide6

Overview of Artificial Intelligence (2)Intelligent behaviourLearn from experienceApply knowledge acquired from experienceHandle complex situationsSolve problems when important information is missing

Determine what is important

React quickly and correctly to a new situation

Understand visual images

Process and manipulate symbols

Be creative and imaginative

Use heuristicsSlide7

Artificial Intelligence Currently, no computers exhibit full artificial intelligence (that is, are able to simulate human behavior). The greatest advances have occurred

in the field of games playing. The best computer chess

programs

are now capable of beating humans. In May, 1997, an

IBM super-computer

called Deep Blue defeated world chess

champion Gary Kasparov in a chess match. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJarxpYyoFI&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nvkXyjfl_pY&feature=fvsr

From Chapter 1Slide8

Artificial Intelligence (3) In the area of robotics, computers are now widely used in assembly plants, but they are capable only of very limited tasks. Robots have

great difficulty identifying objects based on appearance or feel, and

they still move and handle objects clumsily.

From Chapter 1Slide9

Artificial Intelligence (4) Natural-language processing offers the greatest potential rewards because it would allow people to interact with computers without

needing

any specialized knowledge.

Unfortunately

, programming

computers to understand natural languages has proved to be more difficult

than originally thought. Some rudimentary translation systems that translate from one human language to another are in existence, but they are not nearly as good as human translators. There are also voice recognition systems that can convert spoken sounds into written words, but they do not understand what they are writing; they simply take dictation. Even these systems are quite limited --

you must speak slowly and distinctly.

From Chapter 1Slide10

Artificial Intelligence (5) In the early 1980s, expert systems were believed to represent the future of artificial intelligence and of computers in general. To date, however, they have not lived up to expectations. Many expert

systems help human experts in such fields as medicine and

engineering, but they are very expensive to produce and are helpful

only in special situations.

Today, the hottest area of artificial intelligence is neural networks,

which are proving successful in a number of disciplines such as voice

recognition and natural-language processing.

From Chapter 1Slide11

Artificial Intelligence (6) There are several programming languages that are known as AI languages because they are used almost exclusively for AI applications. The two most common are LISP and

Prolog

.

From Chapter 1Slide12

Brain Work http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/java/ready.htmlSlide13
Slide14

Left vs. Right Brain http://www.perthnow.com.au/fun-games/left-brain-vs-right-brain/story-e6frg46u-1111114517613Slide15

Convex or Concave?Slide16
Slide17

First Cyborghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RB_l7SY_ngI&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ltV1G83-e7k&feature=fvst