Umar Al- farooq (RA) The Second

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Caliph . of Islam. Umar. Son of . Khattab. bin . Nafeer. and . Khanshana. . bint. e . Mugheera. Clan of . Adi. One of the Educated person of Arab. Accepted Islam in 6. th. ID: 680281 Download Presentation

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Umar Al- farooq (RA) The Second




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Presentations text content in Umar Al- farooq (RA) The Second

Slide1

Slide2

Umar

Al-

farooq

(RA)

The Second

Caliph

of Islam

Slide3

Umar

Son of

Khattab

bin

Nafeer

and

Khanshana

bint

e

Mugheera

Clan of

Adi

One of the Educated person of Arab

Accepted Islam in 6

th

Year of

Nabuwwat

Slide4

A brief look at the life of one who spread Islam to the corners of the world.

Umar

was one of the

Ashara

e

Mubashara

Hazrat

Muhammad (

)

gave him the title of Al-

Farooq

Slide5

Saying of Holy Prophet (

)

There were to be a prophet after me indeed he would be

Umar

bin

Khattab

(RA).

Slide6

THE GREAT

ADMINISTRATOR

OF ISLAM

Second

Khalifa

e Rashid

Slide7

Abu

Bakr

the First Caliph lives no more than two years after the death of Muhammad (

).

He nominated

Umar (RA) as the second Caliph of IslamUmar was the best administrator of the state and this was the golden age of Islam

Slide8

Hazrat Umar(RA)’s

Administration

 22nd of

Jamadi-uth-Thani

13

Hijri

– 26

Dhul

Hijjah 23

Hijri

Slide9

Challenges

His Own Image

Super

Powers

(Persian Empire &

Byzantine Empire

(E

astern

part of the

Roman Empire

)

Famine

Plague

Slide10

Basic Principles

of

Hazrat

Umar’s

Reign

Self Accountability

No Private Business

for Government Officials

Same

LAW for all

Slide11

Self Accountability

Examples

1.Old Woman

2.Hazrat

Umar

(RA)’s Son

No Private Business for Government

Officials

Same LAW for all

Examples

1.Hazrat

Ayaz

Bin

Ghanam

(RA)2.Amar Bin Aas (RA)’s Son

Slide12

Important Conquests of

Hazrat

Umar

(RA)’s Reign

Conquest of Damascus

Conquest

of

Saida

,

Irqah

and Beirut (Lebanon today)

Campaigns

in Iraq

The

Conquest of

2/3 of

Byzantie

The Battle of

Qaadisiyah

Conquest

of the Persian capital Conquest of JerusalemThe Conquest of Egypt

Slide13

Comparison with the Caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA)

Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA)

Hazrat Umar (RA)

Slide14

Pact in Jerusalem

The

inhabitants' life, property and churches were given

protection

Islam

was not to be forced on

them

The

inhabitants were to pay the “

J

izya

" or poll

tax

The

Greeks were to be turned out of the City

Slide15

Reforms of

Hazrat

Umar

(RA)

during

his Administration

"

Awliat-i-Umar

 

Formal

Bayt

ul

Mal

Trading

Reforms

Taxes

Reforms

Departments

Other

Institutions

Agriculture

Slide16

Provincial Administration

Division into Provinces.

The following were, the provinces and their governors in 23 A.H., i.e.

near

the end of

Hadrat

Umar's

Caliphate.

1

.

Hijaz

with

Makkah

as its capital; Nafi

' bin Abu Harith

.

2. Syria with Damascus as its

capital;Mu'awiyah

bin Abu

Sufyan

.

3. Iran with Basrah as its capital; Abu Musa al-Ash'ari.4. Iraq with Kufa as its capital; -Mughirah bin Shu'bah.5. Egypt with

Fustat

as its

capital;Amr

bin al-'As.

6. Palestine with Jerusalem as its capital; '

Alqamah

bin

Majaz

.

7.

Jazirah

(i.e. Mesopotamia) with

Hims

(Hems) as its controlling capital;

Governor -- '

Umair

bin

Sa'd

.

8. The central province of Arabia with Medina as its capital.

Slide17

Hierarchy of Administration

STATE

PROVINCE

DISTRICT

Slide18

Model of Administration

Sahib

ul

Ahdath

Katib

Sahib

ul

Kharaj

Katib

ud

Diwan

Sahib

Bait

ul

Mal

Qadi

Slide19

Katib

Chief

Secretary

.

Katib-ud-Diwan

Military Secretary.

Sahib-

ul

-

Kharaj

Revenue

Collector.

Sahib-

ul

-

Ahdath

Police

Chief.

Sahib-Bait-

ul

-Mal

,

Treasury

 Officer.

Qadi

Chief

Judge.

Slide20

Departments

Military Department

Tax

Deptartments

Education Department

Police

Deparmtment

Financial Department

Slide21

Military Department

Different Ranks

Cantt

Areas

Fixed Salaries

Check Posts (Conquered Cities)

Appointment of Head of Military

Military in Different Cities

Slide22

Taxes In

Hazrat

Umar’s

Administrtion

Jizya

(Indemnity or

Defence

Tax)

Diwan

al

Kharaj

Non

Muslims

(

Zakat

(Poor Tax)

Diwan

al-

Zakah

Khiraj

(Land

Tax);

Diwan

al

Kharaj

Ushr

(Special land Tax);

Slide23

Taxes In

Hazrat

Umar’s

Administrtion

War Booty –

Ghanima

(Income from the conquered places)-

Diwan

al-

Jund

Ushoor

10 percent Resident Non Muslim 5 %

Rakaz

Tax on Land Mines and Treasure Troves

Ushoor

&

Reekaz

(

Diwan

al

Bareed

&

Diwan

al

Khatm

)

Slide24

Education Department

Schools

Salaries for Teachers

Educational Developments all over the State

Slide25

Police Department

First one to introduce Police Force

Prison

Fixed Salaries

Slide26

Financial Department

Ghanima

Bayt

ul

Maal

Salaries

Collection of revenue

Salaries for Financial Department Employees

Slide27

Construction Canals

Populated

Cities

He

was also the first to make use of the whip for

corporal punishment and set up a prison.

 He introduced a system of collecting direct information

concerning the State.

He

established a secret intelligence service. 

He

had wells bored, built houses

Fixed

a daily payment for the destitute among the

Christians and the Jews. 

Develpoments

Slide28

Introductions

Hijri

Calendar

Fixed Salaries for Men involved in voluntary service

Census system,

 Measuring of the land and keeping its record

 He was first to allow traders of rival countries to enter Muslim territories for the purpose of business.

Formal

Taraweeh

Prayers

Slide29

Shurah

(Advisory Council)

Higher Advisory Council

General Advisory Council

3

rd

Advisory Council

Between The Higher & General Advisory Council

Slide30

Higher Advisory Council

Important Decisions of the State

Permanent Members

Hadrat

Uthman

, Ali, '

Abdur

Rahman

bin Auf,

Mu'adh

bin

Jabal

,

Ubayy

bin

Ka'b

,

Zaid

bin

Thabit

, Talha and Zubair (Raziallah Anho).General Advisory Council

General Matters

Ansar

&

Muhajireens

The Companions who participated in the battle of

Badr

were given

priority in this "

Shura.In

this "

Shura

" were also included the chiefs

of various clans and tribes.

Slide31

3rd Advisory Council

The Way to call the

Shura

:

As-

Salatu

Jami'ah

," in the Prophet's

Masjid

Ranked between the other two

Shuras

Some selected Companions among

the

Muhajirin

and

Ansar

Matter of Special Interest

Slide32

"Amongst the nations before your time, there have been inspired

people (who were not Prophets), and if there is one amongst my

Ummah

, he is

Umar

".

(

Bukhari

and Muslim

)

Saying of

Hazrat

Muhammad (SAWW)

about

Hazrat Umar

(RA

)

Slide33

Thanks


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