Steroids

Steroids Steroids - Start

2015-09-21 67K 67 0 0

Steroids - Description

What are Steroids?. Anabolic steroids are synthetic male hormones (androgens) that promote growth of skeletal muscle and the development of male sexual characteristics. . The primary use of anabolic steroids are to treat delayed puberty, acme types of impotence, and wasting of the body caused by di.... ID: 135683 Download Presentation

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Steroids




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Steroids

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What are Steroids?

Anabolic steroids are synthetic male hormones (androgens) that promote growth of skeletal muscle and the development of male sexual characteristics.

The primary use of anabolic steroids are to treat delayed puberty, acme types of impotence, and wasting of the body caused by disease.

There are 100 different types of anabolic steroids, each requiring a prescription to be used legally in the Unites States.

Athletes and others abuse anabolic-androgenic steroids to enhance performance and improve their physical appearance.

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Methods of Use

Orally

Injected into a muscle

Rubbed into the skin in the form of a gel or cream

They are taken in cycles of weeks or months rather than continuously which is referred to as “cycling”.

Users also frequently combine several different types of steroids in a process known as “stacking”.

“Pyramiding” is when Users also slowly escalate steroid use reaching a peak amount at mid-cycle and gradually tapering the dose toward the end of the cycle

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Street Names

Gym candyArnoldsWeight trainersPumpersStackersA’sAnabolicsRoidsBallsBullsGearJuice

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Reasons for Abuse

To improve athletic performanceTo increase muscle sizeTo reduce body fat

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Hazards of Steroid Use

Liver tumorsKidney tumorsJaundiceFluid retentionHigh blood pressureIncreases in LDL (bad cholesterol)Decreases in HDL (good cholesterol)Severe acneTremblingEnlarged facial bonesStunted heightNauseaVomitingDiarrheaBone painMuscle crampsBlood clotting difficulties

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Gender Specific Effects

People who inject anabolic steroids run the risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV/AIDS or hepatitis. For Adolescents:Premature skeletal maturationAccelerated puberty changesGrowth halted prematurelyFor Women:Growth of facial and body hairChanges in or cessation of menstrual cyclePattern baldnessDeepened voicesEnlargement of the clitorisFor Men:Shrinking of testiclesReduce sperm countInfertilityPattern baldnessDevelopment of breastsIncreased risk of prostate cancer

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Psychological Effects

DepressionIrritabilityInability to concentrateForgetfulnessLack of interest or energy for everyday lifeAggressive, violent behaviorParanoiaManic episodes

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Withdrawal Symptoms

Mood swingsFatigueRestlessnessLoss of appetiteInsomniaReduced sex driveDepressionThe depression can lead to suicide attempts and if left untreated, can persist for a year or more after the abuser stops taking the drugs.

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Extent of Use

Approximately 1.8 % of young adults, ages 19-28, surveyed in 2006 reported lifetime use of steroids.

Some users might turn to other drugs to alleviate some of the negative effects of steroids.

Most illegal steroids are smuggled from other countries, diverted from pharmacies, and made in underground laboratories


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