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# Ch. 9 Motion Describing Motion PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

aaron | 2019-03-16 | General

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. Motion. Speed & Velocity. Acceleration. Newton’s First Law. Newton’s First Law of Motion. An object at rest will remain at rest and an object in motion will continue moving at a constant velocity unless acted upon by a net force.. ID: 757131

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Slide1

Ch. 9Motion

Describing Motion Motion Speed & Velocity Acceleration

Slide2Newton’s First Law

Newton’s First Law of MotionAn object at rest will remain at rest and an object in motion will continue moving at a constant velocity unless acted upon by a net force.

motion

constant velocity

net force

Slide3A. Motion

Problem:Is your desk moving?We need a reference point...nonmoving point from which motion is measured

Slide4A. Motion

MotionChange in position in relation to a reference point.

Reference point

Motion

Slide5A. Motion

Problem:You are a passenger in a car stopped at a stop sign. Out of the corner of your eye, you notice a tree on the side of the road begin to move forward.You have mistakenly set yourself as the reference point.

Slide6B. Speed & Velocity

Speedrate of motion distance traveled per unit time

v

d

t

Slide7B. Speed & Velocity

Instantaneous Speedspeed at a given instantAverage Speed

Slide8B. Speed & Velocity

Problem:A storm is 10 km away and is moving at a speed of 60 km/h. Should you be worried?

It depends on the storm’s direction!

Slide9B. Speed & Velocity

Velocityspeed in a given directioncan change even when the speed is constant!

Slide10C. Acceleration

Accelerationthe rate of change of velocitychange in speed or direction

a

:

acceleration

v

f

:

final velocity

v

i

:

initial velocity

t

:

time

a

v

f

- vi

t

Slide11C. Acceleration

Positive acceleration“speeding up”Negative acceleration

“slowing down”

Slide12D. Calculations

Your neighbor skates at a speed of 4 m/s. You can skate 100 m in 20 s. Who skates faster?

GIVEN:

d = 100 m

t = 20 s

v = ?

WORK

:

v = d ÷ t

v = (100 m) ÷ (20 s)

v = 5 m/s

You skate faster!

v

d

t

Slide13D. Calculations

Sound travels 330 m/s. If a lightning bolt strikes the ground 1 km away from you, how long will it take for you to hear it?

GIVEN:

v = 330 m/s

d = 1km = 1000m

t = ?

WORK

:

t = d ÷ v

t = (1000 m) ÷ (330 m/s)

t = 3.03 s

v

d

t

Slide14D. Calculations

A roller coaster starts down a hill at 10 m/s. Three seconds later, its speed is 32 m/s. What is the roller coaster’s acceleration?

GIVEN:

v

i

= 10 m/s

t

= 3 s

v

f

= 32 m/s

a

= ?

WORK

:

a

= (vf - vi) ÷ t a = (32m/s - 10m/s) ÷ (3s)a = 22 m/s ÷ 3 sa = 7.3 m/s2

a

v

f

- v

i

t

Slide15D. Calculations

How long will it take a car traveling 30 m/s to come to a stop if its acceleration is -3 m/s2?

GIVEN:

t

= ?

v

i

= 30 m/s

v

f

= 0 m/s

a

= -3 m/s

2

WORK

:t = (vf - vi) ÷ a t = (0m/s-30m/s)÷(-3m/s2)t = -30 m/s ÷ -3m/s2t = 10 s

a

v

f

- v

i

t

Slide16E. Graphing Motion

slope =steeper slope = straight line = flat line =

Distance-Time Graph

A

B

faster speed

constant speed

no motion

speed

Slide17E. Graphing Motion

Who started out faster?A (steeper slope)Who had a constant speed?ADescribe B from 10-20 min.B stopped movingFind their average speeds.A = (2400m) ÷ (30min) A = 80 m/minB = (1200m) ÷ (30min) B = 40 m/min

Distance-Time Graph

A

B

Slide18Distance-Time Graph

E. Graphing Motion

Acceleration is indicated by a curve on a Distance-Time graph.

Changing slope = changing velocity

Slide19E. Graphing Motion

Speed-Time Graph

slope =

straight line =

flat line =

acceleration

+ve = speeds up

-ve = slows down

constant accel.

no accel. (constant velocity)

Slide20E. Graphing Motion

Speed-Time Graph

Specify the time period when the object was...

slowing down

5 to 10 seconds

speeding up

0 to 3 seconds

moving at a constant speed3 to 5 seconds

not moving

0 & 10 seconds

Slide21VECTOR:

Vectors measure using arrows to show direction and magnitude. Shows direction of the object's motion. Ex: velocity, acceleration, force. (all involve a direction)

Slide22Can you build the perfect paper airplane?

Principles:A glider moves through the air without the help of a motor or engine. A glider can move through the air and descend gradually when it is well designed and built. Think about aerodynamics to build a glider that will fly well. "Drag" "Thrust" "Lift" "Gravity“Facts:The design of your glider's body and wings has a lot to do with how well it will sail in the air. Adding some weight to parts of your glider will help it stay up in the air, have lift, and travel in a straight path instead of spinning or nosediving.

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