Summative Assessment

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Kansas State Department of Education. ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT. 1. ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT. Kansas State Department of Education. ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT. What is Summative Assessment?. 4. ID: 167756 Download Presentation

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Summative Assessment




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Slide1

Summative Assessment

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

1

Slide2

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

What is Summative Assessment?

4

Many assessments can be used for both summative and formative purposes. But some are more suited for summative purposes than formative purposes.

It all depends on how the

results

are used.

Slide3

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

What is Summative Assessment?

2

Formative assessment is used to improve instruction and learning

Interim assessments are used to

Predict summative results

Warn of learning deficits

identify achievement gaps

Summative assessments are used to render final judgments

Slide4

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

What is Summative Assessment?

4

Many assessments can be used for both summative and formative purposes. But some are more suited for summative purposes than formative purposes.

It all depends on how the

results

are used.

Slide5

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Summative Assessments

P

rovide

C

ritical

I

nformation

5

Information about students' overall learning as well as information about the quality of classroom instruction – especially when they are accompanied by other sources of information and are used to inform practice

End of unit tests or projects

Course grades

Standardized tests

Portfolios

Slide6

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Summative Assessments

Can Inform Instructional Practices

6

Summative assessment can also inform instructional practices in a different yet equally important way as formative assessment.

Slide7

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Summative Assessment:

Continuous Progress Monitoring

7

Summative assessments can also be used with continuous progress-monitoring systems because they allow teachers to track students throughout a school year and, ideally, over an entire academic career, from kindergarten through high school.

Slide8

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Summative Assessments Must

be of the Highest Quality Possible

8

Every educator should be concerned that the summative assessments which are part of the assessment system used in their classroom, school, district, and state are of the highest quality possible.

Slide9

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Validity defines the quality

of education assessment

9

The simple definition of validity is that a test measures what it is supposed to measure. But validity also means that an assessment provides sound information supporting the purpose of the assessment. So an assessment whose scores have a high degree of validity for one purpose may have little validity for another.

Slide10

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Valid Summative Assessments

10

For a summative assessment to be valid it must:

Be aligned with district and school learning

Provide reliable information

Be fair, unbiased, and accessible

Be instructionally sensitive

Have high utility

Provide useful information

Slide11

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Summative Assessment Must be Aligned

11

A summative assessment

aligned

with school learning goals and intended purposes precisely measures the intended learning targets for the curriculum being taught at that grade level.

An

aligned

summative assessment measures the learning goals so that the

results

accurately determine what school officials wanted to know about student mastery.

Slide12

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Summative Assessment

Must be Reliable to Have

V

alidity

12

If the test’s results have no reliability the test has

no validity

.

An unreliable summative test will diminish the usefulness of the results.

It is important to understand that

reliability is

critical

to an effective summative assessment of student learning.

Slide13

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Summative Assessment has to

be Fair, Unbiased and Accessible

13

Generally a summative assessment can be biased if a group of students is offended or unfairly penalized on the basis of personal characteristics such as gender, religion, race, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status.

Slide14

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Summative Assessment

Must

b

e Instructionally Sensitive

14

In a presentation at the 2007 annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Dr. W. James

Popham

explained:

“A test’s

instructional sensitivity

represents the degree to which students’ performances on that test accurately reflect the quality of instruction specifically provided to promote students’ mastery of whatever is being assessed.”

Slide15

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Summative Assessment Must

b

e Useful

15

A summative assessment of student knowledge and skill is useful when it accurately measures students’ mastery of the curricular aim being assessed

Good summative assessment indicates instructional quality, mastery of content standards, and supplies accurate accountability evidence

Slide16

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Activity One

1

Answer the

essential question:

How do we ensure the quality of Summative Assessments?

16

Slide17

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

17

Summative Assessment

Are Used at Different Levels

Summative assessments are used and impact the:

Classroom

School

District

State

Slide18

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Summative Assessments are

P

art of an

I

ntegrated

C

lassroom Assessment System

18

Formative and summative assessments serve different purposes

S

hould be used ultimately within an integrated classroom system of assessment, curriculum, and instruction

Slide19

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Summative Assessments

S

upport Instruction

19

Summative assessments support instruction, because they are usually an important part of a grade. Students and parents do care about grades

Slide20

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Classroom Summative Assessments

Provide Valuable Information

20

Compared with state and district tests, teacher-designed classroom summative assessments are more immediately available and their learning targets have been more recently taught.

Slide21

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Use Test Banks from Published

Material with Great Caution

21

Carefully designed common or textbook provided unit tests can provide high quality summative assessments

However, test banks from published material should be used with great caution because they may use different grammar or syntax than the teacher used to teach

Standards and examples may not agree with the teacher’s methods of explaining them

Slide22

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Students use Classroom

S

ummative

T

est

Results to Make

Decisions About Learning

22

If the summative test items are matched to the intended learning targets, teachers can guide students in examining their right and wrong answers in order to answer questions such as:

What are my strengths relative to the standards?

What have I seen myself improve?

Where are my areas of weakness?

Where didn't I perform as desired, and how might I make those answers better?

What do these results mean for the next steps in my learning, and how should I prepare for improvement?

Slide23

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Grades Determined by Summative

A

ssessment

23

Grades can be produced by ten or fewer quality summative assessments.

The student should be well prepared for summative assessment as a result of participation in the formative assessment process.

Slide24

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Ensure Summative

A

ssessments are High

Q

uality

24

Keep wording simple

Be sure there is only one correct or best answer

Avoid using “which of the following” in the stem whenever possible

Don’t repeat the same words in the response items

Ask a complete question

Slide25

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Ensure Summative

A

ssessments are High

Q

uality

25

Consider carefully:

L

earning goals or benchmarks

R

elative importance of each

Type of assessment item most appropriate

C

ognitive level at which to assess

Slide26

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Tips for Creating Student-Friendly Tests

26

Foster Validity

Foster Accessibility

Ease Anxiety

Ensure Ongoing Improvement

Slide27

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Four Recommendations to

Determine More Reliable Grades

27

Recommendation 1:

Get rid of the omnibus or single letter grade.

 

Recommendation 2:

If you can't get rid of the omnibus grade, provide scores on measurement topics in addition to the grade.

 

Recommendation 3:

Expand the assessment options available to students.

 

Recommendation 4:

Allow students to continually update their scores on previous measurement topics.

Slide28

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Kansas State Department of Education

ASSESSMENT LITERACY PROJECT

Activity Two

2

Participate in This Activity on How Summative Assessments are Used in the Classroom

28

Let’s conclude by considering how summative assessments are used in the classroom by participating in

Activity Two

.


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